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Volume 8, Issue 4, (2020)

Table of Contents






Physicochemical Characterization of Moroccan Natural Clays and the Study of their Adsorption Capacity for the Methyl Orange and Methylene Blue Removal from Aqueous Solution

Meryem Assimeddine, Mohamed Abdennouri, Noureddine Barka, Elhossein Rifi, M’hamed Sadiq

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1258-1267 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The objective of this work was the physicochemical characterization of a Moroccan natural clay from the Jorf Arfoud region (Lampert Coodinates: x = 595610, y = 101578) and its valorization in the elimination of organic pollutants (methyl orange MO and methylene blue MB) from aqueous solutions, with the adsorption technique on raw and calcined clay at 500°C. The clay was characterized by chemical analysis such as X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Crude and purified clays, consisting essentially of silica and alumina, are a characteristic property of phyllosilicates and also contain amounts of quartz, kaolinite and calcite as associated minerals. The experiments were performed after optimization of the parameters influencing the system, such as pH, adsorbent mass, initial dye concentration and temperature. The clays used absorb better the MB than MO, for an initial concentration of 10 mg/L and 20 mg/L respectively. Langmuir and Freundlich models of adsorption isotherms were applied to fit experimental equilibrium data. Results have showed that the adsorption of MB and MO followed very well the second order kinetic model on raw clay. The adsorption process was found to be exothermic in the case of MB. However, the adsorption of MO was endothermic.

Keywords: Natural Clay; Adsorption; isotherm and kinetic studies; Dye removal






Bacterial Strain Isolated from High-Salt Environments Can Produce Large Amounts of New Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)

Ahmad Gholami, Younes Ghasemi, Aboozar Kazemi, Seyyedeh Narjes Abootalebi, Cambyz Irajie, Aida Ireji, Navid Omidifar, Milad Mohkam

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1268-1273 | PDF | HTML


Abstract: Since the major problem connected to the industrial production of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) is their high production price, this study was performed to inspect the new potential bacterial species for industrial PHA production. The bacterial samples were collected during a screening program from Pink Salt Lake as an extreme environment in the south of Iran, Fars province. The PHA-producing bacteria were isolated. Then further studies on different morphological, cultural, and physiological characteristics of isolates were performed. Among the isolated microorganisms in this study, 18 of 143 bacteria were selected as PHA-producer microorganisms to be studied for analysis along with a partial sequence of the 16S rRNA gene. This study introduces two bacteria; Bacillus endophyticus BCCS 011 and Lysobacter sp. BCCS 052 as new potential PHA producer that has not been reported previously. They could be an ideal option for cheaper PHAs production.

Keywords: Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), Bacillus, Lysobacter, 16S rRNA, Extreme environment





Phytoconstituents from the Aerial Parts of Salvia dracocephaloides Boiss. and their Biological Activities

Salar Hafez Ghoran, Omidreza Firuzi, Amir Reza Jassbi

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1274-1278 | PDF | HTML | Supplementary data


Abstract: MTT colorimetric cytotoxic bioassay, solvent fractionation and chromatographic purification of an 80% methanol extract of Salvia dracocephaloides, led to isolation and identification of eight compounds, including 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,3ʹ,4ʹ-pentamethoxyflavone (1), cynaroside (2), salvigenin (3), eupatorin (4), cirsimaritin (5), β-sitosterol (6), oleanolic acid (7), and ursolic acid (8). The structures of the compounds were characterized using spectroscopic analyses including HRESI-MS, 1H and 13C-NMR and comparison with those previously reported in the literature. The biological activities of 1 and 2, including their cytotoxicity against MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line and DPPH free radicals scavenging effect were studied in vitro. Compound 1 showed stronger cytotoxicity; IC50 of 7.2 µg/mL compared to that obtained for 2; IC50 of 15.5 µg/mL. While, compound 2, with 3ʹ,4ʹ dihydroquinol functionality, displayed higher DPPH radical inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 10.7 µg/mL compared to that measured for 1; 48.8 µg/mL.


Keywords: Salvia dracocephaloides, Lamiaceae, Cytotoxicity, DPPH radical scavenging activity, Polymethoxyflavones






Appraisal of Quality of Groundwater in Selected Sites in the Villages of Veeraghattam Mandal in Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Nadikatla Santhosh Kumar, Mushini Venkata SubbaRao, Mudumba Phani Surya Murali Krishna

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1279-1291 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The Potability of groundwater in selected location sites in the villages of Veeraghattam (VGT) Mandal of Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh has been investigated and obtained Water Quality Index (WQI) results are presented in this paper. Several Physico-chemical parameters like pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Hardness, calcium, magnesium, fluoride, chloride, dissolved oxygen, total alkalinity, and nitrite were experimentally determined from the samples and also to compute WQI. The results of WQI computation infer that the quality of groundwater in selected site locations in rural communities in Veeraghattam Mandal is rated as “good” for human consumption. Correlation between various parameters has also been computed, and the results are presented.


Keywords: Physico-chemical parameters, Veeraghattam (VGT), WQI, Srikakulam, Correlation matrix





Industrial Composting of Commingled Municipal Solid Waste: A Case Study of Shiraz City, Iran

Sama Azadi, Ayoub Karimi-Jashni, Nasser Talebbeydokhti, Rouhollah Khoshbakht, Azadeh Binaee Haghighi

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1292-1303 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Composting is a preferable treatment option for putrescible waste disposal. In the small-scale composting, the control of the process is easy and high quality compost is usually produced while the conditions of industrial composting and small-scale composting are so different especially in developing country that municipal solid waste (MSW) is collected as commingled. Unfortunately, there is still a lack of information and experiences regarding the successful industrial composting from commingled municipal solid waste (CMSW). Therefore, this study was conducted on the compost production from CMSW in Shiraz City, Iran, with the composting capacity of 100 tonnes per day. The common process of windrow composting was modified for industrial composting in Shiraz City. The efficiency of the modified process was assessed using physical, chemical, and economic analyses. In addition, the maturity and stability of produced compost was evaluated using different indices such as fertilizing index (FI), clean index (CI), static respiration index (SRI), cumulative respiration index (CRI), and C-CO2 production index (C-CO2 Index). Finally, solutions and suggestions were presented to improve the system performance. Results showed that although the input putrescible waste to composting site has low homogeneity, produced compost in Shiraz City has a “good” quality. The produced compost with FI and CI of about 4.2 and 3.6, respectively, has high fertilizing potential and medium heavy metal content and can be sold without any restriction. Based on the economical analysis, poor marketing, strategies of bad marketing, lack of public awareness, and visible impurities, in spite of complying with the required standards, are the main reasons for the low sale price. The results of this study can be valuable for industrial composting in the cities where wastes are not separated at source.


Keywords: Industrial composting, Commingled municipal solid waste, Sorting center, Economical analysis





Marketing Approach in Educational Institutions Management: Transformation and Development Management

Izida I. Ishmuradova, Yulia L. Kamasheva, Rimma R. Khanmurzina, Oksana V. Borysova, Alexandr L. Makarov, Ruteniya R. Denisova, Natalia A. Kora

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1304-1308 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The relevance of this article is to study the market of educational services for preschool children, since education is the fundamental beginning, the Foundation of human socialization and the most important means of cultural communication between generations. In relation to the modern period of Russian education development, it is a close attention and control to all areas of educational activity, as well as a duty to the continuous development of each educational institution, including the modern specifics in the field of manage0ment, using a marketing approach. The purpose of the study is to investigate the practice of educational services consumption, using a marketing approach. Research methods: an online survey was used as a research method, which allows us most effectively to investigate the quality and specifics of educational services provided. Research results: the article examines the market of educational services for preschoolers, describes the quality of services offered in the view of consumers. Practices of educational services consumption are investigated. The novelty and originality of the research lies in the fact that the market of educational services was studied for the first time using a marketing approach. It shows that producers of additional educational services primarily focus on the cost of services in their advertising messages, and most educational centers use information about highly qualified teaching staff. It determines that the future of promoting educational services on the Internet belongs to social networks. The main semantic units of competitive advantages of educational institutions stated in the advertising message are identified: training program; cost; qualified personnel; individual approach; unique additional offer. The article shows that the choice of additional classes is extremely limited and does not meet the needs of modern parents. It is determined that choosing additional classes, following things are important for parents: strengthening the child's health, the appearance of new acquaintances, which directly affects the socialization of the child in society. It is shown that fewer students attend foreign language classes and music classes. There are quite interesting and rare wishes of parents for narrow specializations: gymnastics, theater Studio, classes with a speech therapist, social sections. It is revealed that the highest level of satisfaction the following characteristics of educational services showed: the location of the institution; the schedule; the result of a child's development after attending; the attitude of teachers to children. Practical significance: the data Obtained in this work can be used in marketing, social psychology, pedagogy, and age psychology.


Keywords: Educational services, Education market, The marketing approach in the management





Study of Gender Identity Features in Adolescent Orphan Girls: Russian View

 Irina S. Bubnova, , Larisa V. Tatarinova , Viktoriya I. Rerke, Natalya M. Balabina, Olga V. Zhigalova, Rashad A. Kurbanov, Lidiya S. Cherekhovskaya

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1309-1314 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Teenage orphans are experiencing difficulties in awareness of themselves and their place in the world, and the lack of knowledge about the differences of the sexes a vague idea of teenagers-orphans about their future gender roles in the family, the absence of adequate specimens for identification, etc. lead to a breach them of the process of formation of gender identity. The purpose of the article is to study the features of the formation of gender identity in adolescent girls left without parental care, and to develop appropriate recommendations for its formation. The authors studied in detail the features of gender identity in orphans. The features of gender identity in girls in the deprived conditions of the center for children left without parental care are revealed, the value of the type of gender identity for the level of their social adaptation is established. The obtained results allowed to develop practical recommendations on the formation of the type of gender identity in orphans, adequate to their biological sex.


Keywords: Gender, Sex, Gender socialization, Sexual socialization, Orphan, Teenager, Masculinity, Femininity, Androgyny, adaptation, Gender identity





The Sphere of Values and Meaning of a Person and its Role in Professional Formation and Development

Anzhela V. Romanova, Galina S. Goloshumova, Maksim V. Belousov, Alla V. Ignatyeva, Zhanna V. Korobanova, Natalia A. Krasheninnikova, Patimat Sh. Alieva

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1315-1320 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The current stage of development of Russian society is characterized by rather intense and serious socio-economic, industrial, legal and spiritual-moral changes. These changes, due to the characteristics of mental development, have the greatest impact on the personality of young people and their behavior. The paper considers the problem of the value orientation of contemporary youth in Russia. The psychological characteristics of the person have been determined, in relation to which various value orientations are formed from the point of view of E. Fromm’s concept, and their role in vocational formation. The authors have proved the integrity, the integration of the value system with other personality characteristics, as well as the differences in individuals regarding the orientation to “Being” or “Possession”. The conclusions have been drawn that the nature of the value orientation of young people in contemporary Russia is complex. Values are divided into blocks according to the spheres of human life and are subject to the more general law of their dominant orientation - “Being” or “Possession”. Accordingly, the nature of personality orientation determines the formation and development of value groups.


Keywords: Value orientation, Youth, Personality factors, Social character, Modes of existence, Professionalism, Innovative potential of Russian youth





New Opportunities for the Digital Economy: the Implementation of an Effective State Innovation Policy

Andrey Petrovich Garnov, Victoria Yuryevna Garnova, Larisa Vladimirovna Shabaltina, Ildar Rustamovich Begishev, Liya Vitalievna Panferova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1321-1325 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Digital transformation is most often considered in theory and practice without taking into account the peculiarities of economic development, the action of economic trends, political and economic laws. The need to connect the needs of the population with the capabilities of the digital economy as a new technology is obvious, but the fact that digital transformation contributes, on the one hand, to development and progress, and on the other, the emergence of negative processes, the danger of which makes its introduction ambiguous, is also beyond doubt. The study reveals new opportunities for the digital economy of Russia in the context of the implementation of the Strategy for the Development of the Information Society. The article reveals the experience of leading countries that have achieved the greatest results in the development and implementation of effective state innovation economic policies; and how it can be used in shaping Russian regional innovation policies. The authors draw attention to the factors limiting the country's economic growth and ways to overcome this restriction, and propose to form a new mobilization model for managing the digital economy, developed on the basis of domestic digital technologies, transparent processes for their implementation.


Keywords: Digital economy, Information society, Development strategy, Economic growth, Innovative development, Digital technologies, Mobilization model





Public Relations in Organizations in Student View: Accumulator of Management Tools or Formation of Partnership and Friendly Relations

Vagiz G. Gimaliev, Alexey I. Prokopyev, Valentin P. Vershinin, Marina E. Ivanova, Gulfairuz G. Erkibaeva, Jhanna I. Aytuganova, Natalya S. Alexandrova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1326-1330 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The relevance of this article is the need to study the students' understanding of public relations as a means of management. The experience of countries with a developed social sphere shows that the use of public relations in the management of social work institutions can improve the social status of social services, form a positive public opinion and, as a result, ensure the social effectiveness of services provided. The purpose of the research is to analyze students' perceptions of the essence of public relations as a means of managing social services in the external environment. Research methods: as a research method, we used a questionnaire survey, which allows us to qualitatively investigate public relations in the organization through the eyes of students. Results of the research: the article considers the students' views on the means of managing social services in the external environment, and reveals the role of public relations in the management of social services in the external environment in the representation of students. The novelty and originality of the research consists in the analysis of public relations as a means of management in the external environment in relation to the activities of social protection institutions in the representation of students. It is revealed that, in the view of students, public relations accumulate management tools and include: the use of various forms of communication aimed at identifying common views or interests of different groups; they contribute to the formation of partnership and friendly relations between the social service, clients and the General public; ensure the achievement of mutual understanding based on truth and full public awareness and, ultimately, form a positive public opinion and a favorable image for the social service. The essential aspects, specific features, structural and functional features and opportunities of public relations as a means of managing social services in the external environment are highlighted in the students' view. It is determined that in the students' views, the management of the social service does not have a well-thought-out concept of organizing public relations, which leads to ineffective management of the social service in the external environment and is used in social work spontaneously. Practical significance: the data obtained in this work can be used in social psychology, Economics, advertising psychology, management psychology, as well as for further theoretical development of this issue.


Keywords: Student youth, Public relations, Vision, Management





Tariff Regulation on the base of Weather and Seasonal Changes in Transportation Environment

Arkadii Anatol’evich Simdiankin, Pavel Sergeevich Probin,  Lyudmila Petrovna Belyu, Natalia Alekseevna Prodanova, Tatiana Leonidovna Melekhina, Savda Yaragievna Yusupova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1331-1336 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: One of the most promising areas for the development of the domestic economy is the agricultural sector which is characterized by a high level of volatility due to a wide range of business risks including weather and seasonal changes. There are significant economic imbalances despite the active processes of automation of the agricultural sector as well as the desire of farmers to reduce the cost of production while simultaneously improving its quality. And it’s largely due to imperfect approaches to price formation. One of these problematic areas is the sphere of cargo transportation of agricultural products. Now the usual ways of supporting entrepreneurs in the form of preferential loans, special tax regimes, and aid grants are no longer fully able to create optimal conditions for agricultural producers. The reason of this is the complex, multi-faceted nature of production and financial and economic relations in the agricultural sector. Above-listed tools are able to harmonize the sphere of agriculture as an economic system, however, a number of issues require the development of effective organizational and economic measures in a rather tight range. So, it is advisable to review the pricing conditions for cargo transportation of agricultural products taking into account both the weather conditions and the factor of seasonality. The authors give reasons for the need to introduce a flexible approach to the application of trade surcharges (tariff schedule) in this area. The rationale for the feasibility of correcting prices for carriers’ services taking into account these factors is presented since the proposed measures reduce the surface damage of agricultural products during transportation. It leads to a longer period of sell-by-date and, that is why, obtaining additional income which more than compensates of the transportation costs increasing.


Keywords: Agriculture; Competitive environment; Condition of the road surface; General transportation problem; Price formation; Tariff regulation; Weather condition





The Double Fortification of Micro-Nutrients (Iodium and Folid Acid) on Dried Noodle Products Breadfruit Flour

Yudi Garnida, Wisnu Cahyadi, Nisrina Primavera

 Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1337-1344 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: One of the major micronutrient deficiencies in Indonesia is iodine deficiency disorders (IIDs) which can lead to poor health, beside IIDs, folic acid consumption is still quite low which can be fatal especially for pregnant women which can lead to fetal abnormalities and lead to destructive biotechnological effects. One of the efforts to tackle those problems is to do fortification  by addition of iodine and folic acid into dry noodles which is substituted by breadfruit flour. The problem of this micronutrient addition is micronutrient decreasing during processing, especially steaming and drying process. The purpose of this research was to determine the reduced levels of iodine and folic acid during steaming and drying process in dry noodles from breadfruit flour. The research method consisted of two stages, that were preliminary research and primary research. Preliminary research was done to get the best comparison between wheat flour and breadfruit flour, the comparisons used were 90:10, 80:20 and 70:30 as well to determine the best drying temperature, the temperature used were 35oC, 40oC and 45oC. Primary research was done to determine decrease of iodine content by UV-spectrophotometer analysis and decrease of folic acid content by HPLC in steaming and drying process. The  response of this research included chemicak response, that were moisture content, fat content, protein content and carbohydrate content and sensory responses include color, flavour, and texture. The result of this research was to obtain the best comparison between wheat flour and breadfruit flour which is 80:20 with drying temperature at 35oC. In this research, 200 ppm of KIO3 and 2500mcg/100g folic acid were added to dry noodles processing. Duringsteaming processthe content of KIO3 decreased to 191 ppm whereas folic acid decreased to 630,385mcg/100g. During drying process the content of KIO3 decreased to 190 ppm and folic acid to 626,690mcg/100g. Results showed thatdry noodles had moisture content of 6.06%, protein content of 32.022%, fat content of 4%and carbohydrate content of 2.313%. Results of sensory test showed that dry noodles with breadfruit flour and dry noodles without breadfruit flour were not significantly different in terms of color, aroma and texture but had significant effect in terms of taste.


Keywords: Double fortification, Micro-nutrients, Dried noodle, Iodine, Folic acid, Breadfruit flour





Using Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) in Healthcare Equipments Maintenance Operations

 Mohammad Lafi Alburaiesi

 Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1345-1344 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Healthcare and medical equipment sustainability is very important, we need to have an efficient and high performance devices. If such systems or devices are fail every time this will effect patients and the medical system at all. Healthcare equipments like ventilators and other devices nowadays has a good priority and important because of Covid19 which effects all countries now. Since these devices exposed some defects which will effect on its role it is very important to study and analyze such defects, classify them and how to apply CMMS in such maintenance operations. This paper aims to use CMMS in maintenance operations of equipments in healthcare sector. Also a classification of failures of such equipments is generated to be an input for CMMS programs. The second thing is to use Equipment maintenance (EM) number in classifying such devices to be ready for using CMMS. A sample of medical devices are studied and the equipment management number (EM) is calculated here for some selected devices if it reaches some specific value it needs maintenance and CMMS will manage the maintenance operations required. CMMS procedures, transactions and benefits are discussed in this paper.  It is found that in the first step we should determine the devices included in inspection and maintenance operations by using EM number, then specifying the maintenance period and inspection frequency after that following some specific steps to manage the maintenance operations followed by CMMS programs. Equipment maintenance (EM) number is very important to determine whether the equipment need maintenance or not, and it also determine the inspection and maintenance duration and so such devices be ready to be used all the time. CMMS can be efficiently used in maintenance operations of healthcare equipments. The use of CMMS software or application is used in processing entered data of devices or systems following the commands step-by-step to construct a CMMS system for each plant or system, this will simplify the monitoring and inspections and maintenance operations which increasing availability of the device and decreasing downtime


Keywords: Healthcare, Medical devices, Equipment Management Number, CMMS





Using Lean Principles in Water Maintenance Operations with Application to Water Treatment Plant

Naser Abdullah Naser Almutairi

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1345-1351 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Water maintenance operations and management are so expensive, and costs too much money, Lean principles can serve maintenance sector and any sector like manufacturing and services, since it will reduce costs and efforts of workers. Lean principles first used in Toyota and then distributed in all over the world, it aims to minimize costs and eliminate all wastes in any operation or processes. Costs of water treatment plants water maintenance operations are so high and contains a lot of wastes.  This paper aims to apply Lean principles in water maintenance operations in all sectors and then apply them in a water treatment plant as a case study. Also the paper discussing the capability of applying Lean tools like 5S which can be applied on maintenance operation to measure Lean applicability.  MTBF, MTTR, 5S audit scores, Availability and reliability are calculated here. The methodology followed in this study depending of reviewing related studies and collecting some data from water filtration station maintenance department, then analyze them and deriving some conclusions to prove the presented claims. Availability and reliability are calculated for some given data from literature and collecting data from special water treatment plant in Kuwait. It is found that applying lean principles and tools like 5’S and others will enhance both availability and reliability of the maintenance system. Applying 5S audit scores shows the statues of the maintenance department and its availability and then reliability to be in good case. The costs and wastes of water maintenance operations in like stations after applying lean are reduced. Applying lean principles like 5’S tool on maintenance management system and water maintenance operations will improve the maintenance quality, MTTR, MTBF, availability and reliability  and 5S audit scores of the systems are improved and so number of failures and downtime of the maintained component will be decreased


Keywords: Lean, Maintenance, 5S audit, MTTR, MTBF, Reliability, Availability






Vehicles Maintenance Workshops Layout and its Management to Reduce Noise Pollution and Improve Maintenance Quality

Hesham Almomani, Naser Almutairi

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1352-1356 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Most of vehicle maintenance in Arab world and Jordan is random with low share of management control, this system making maintenance of vehicles going on with low reliability. The need for managing maintenance operations and workshops layout of maintenance workshops and reduce noise pollution is crucial. The aim of this paper is to show the importance of maintenance management and vehicles maintenance workshops management and workshops layout in reduce noise pollution and improving the operations of maintenance of automobiles. The observations and collecting data about status of maintenance of vehicles workshops in Jordan is used here. Data and figures about the current status of some studied workshop is presented here. A suggestion for new and multi alternatives for workshop layouts are analyzed depending on Mean Time TO repair (MTTR). It is found that improving management methods and maintenance workshops layout will reduce noise pollution and improve the maintenance operations type and decreasing MTTR for failures. MTTR, costs and quality of maintenance are important factors affected by the maintenance of vehicles workshop layout, as the layout is arranged in good and flexible way the system becomes better and MTTR decreases.


Keywords: Maintenance, Workshops, Layout vehicles, MTTR





Assessment of the Potential of the Pharmaceutical Information Environment in the Region

Irina V. Spichak, Maria A. Pasechnikova, Irina V. Zhirova, Ekaterina V. Boiko, Alina O. Ivashchenkova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1357-1360 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: A systematic study of pharmaceutical information activities at the regional level has been conducted. A model of the pharmaceutical information environment (PhInE) has been formed, including global, modeling, and internal spheres. Its participants, target groups, relationships between them, and factors affecting pharmaceutical information have been identified. A methodological approach to rapid analysis of the region's PhInE potential has been developed and tested. Factors of the modeling and internal sphere were studied; SWOT analysis of factors affecting PhInE performed; a program for optimizing the region's PhInE was formed.


Keywords: Pharmaceutical information, Pharmaceutical care, Pharmacy information activities, Pharmaceutical information environment





Building a Knowledge Base in Patented Technology and Equipment for Wood Bark Processing and Use in Industries, Agriculture and Social Sphere

Shegelman I. R., Vasilev A. S., Sukhanov Y. V., Lukashevich V. M., Galaktionov O. N., Kuznetsov A. V., Krupko A. M.

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1361-1368 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: For basic operations of the timber industry, numerous technological and technical solutions were patented for the past few years as the results of the intellectual property. The question of building the knowledge bases on technologies and equipment for involvement of the non-wood forest resources into the processing process lacks sufficient attention. Building the knowledge bases in this field resulted from the identified tendency for the development of products from various types of natural raw materials for pharmaceutical, food-manufacturing, cosmetic industries and other areas of the social sphere and economics. Among the various types of natural raw materials, the priority position is occupied by those with wide range of biological effect, including such as wood bark. The development of the knowledge base in the field of wood bark involvement in various social and economic spheres is based on a systematic patent search. Moreover, developers and inventors are increasingly patenting the results of their intellectual activities in the field of promising types of new intellectual property objects for the use of wood bark. This fact indicates that the problems of improving the quality and efficiency of technologies and disintegrating equipment in this area have not been completely resolved. All this necessitates the synthesis and patenting of new market-competitive technologies and equipment for involvement of wood bark in processing and using it in industries, agriculture and in the social sphere. In this regard, the authors conducted research on patent information search, collection and systematization of information. The state and trends of patenting in the field of technologies and equipment for the use of wood bark in industry and in the social sphere were identified, as well as the main patenting goals (effects) of patented intellectual property objects. The article also presents the most noteworthy patents collected during the building of the knowledge base.


Keywords: Timber industry, Non-wood forest resources, Intellectual property object, Patent search





Environmental Technologies in Housing Construction: Investment Features

Aleksandr V. Melnichuk, Sergey A. Makushkin, Kirill Lvovitch Manaenkov, Mikhail Nikolaevich Prokofiev, Elvina Alekseevna Omshanova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1369-1375 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: In the present-day world, dominated by technological progress, humanity is beginning to realize the real danger of an environmental disaster, which can become a threat to the existence of contemporary civilization. This realization marked the beginning of the development of new types of economic activities that involve not only economic growth, but also positive impact on the environment and society. The use of environmental technologies in construction can serve an example of such activities and has significant development prospects because it simultaneously solves both social issues of increasing housing security and environmental issues, primarily the energy conservation issue. Based on an expert survey, the key drivers of supply and demand for investments in environmental technologies in the construction sector, as well as the benefits of implementing and using environmental investments, were identified. The article presents the investment experience of the EU countries in the housing development sector.


Keywords: Housing construction, Environmental technologies, Environmental investments, Environmental construction, Investment offer, Demand for investment, Driver





Building a Knowledge base on Patenting of Technologies and Equipment for Disintegration of Rocks with Obtaining Crushed Stone

Shegelman I. R., Vasilev A. S., Krupko A. M., Sukhanov Y. V., Lukashevich V. M., Galaktionov O. N., Kuznetsov A. V.

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1376-1384 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Rock disintegration is one of the most important technological operations in the production of crushed stone, which is widely used in the construction of roads and railways, buildings, structures, hydraulic engineering facilities, bridges, tunnels, the production of concrete, asphalt, dry building mixes, and other objects and products. In recent years, research has been actively conducted to improve the processes of rock disintegration by reducing energy intensity and improving the quality of disintegrating technologies and equipment. Moreover, developers and inventors are actively patenting the results of their intellectual activities in the field of promising types of new intellectual property for high-potential technologies and equipment for producing high-quality crushed stone. This fact indicates that the problems of improving the quality and efficiency of technologies and disintegrating equipment, in particular crushers for obtaining crushed stone, have not been solved yet. All this necessitates the synthesis and patenting of new market-competitive technologies and equipment for obtaining crushed stone by disintegrating rocks. In this regard, the authors of this work carried out research aimed at building a knowledge base in the field of patenting technologies and crushers that ensure the production of crushed stone for the construction of roads and railways, buildings, structures, hydraulic engineering facilities, bridges, tunnels, the production of concrete, asphalt, dry mixes, and other objects and products. The research also included the categorization of the main areas of patenting in this field. This involved using the method of system analysis performed based on the results of patent information search, collecting and systematizing the information. The current state and trends of patenting in the field of rock disintegration are identified, the main goals (effects) of patented intellectual property are defined. The article presents the most noteworthy patents collected during the building the knowledge base.


Keywords: Knowledge base, Mining industry, Rocks, Disintegration, Jaw crusher, Cone crusher, Patent, Patent search, Road construction, Crushed stone





Cultivation of the Targeted Forest Plantations

Ol'ga Kunickaya, Vadim Tanyukevich, Daria Khmeleva, Anastasia Kulik, Elena Runova, Vera Savchenkova, Anna Voronova, Mikhail Lavrov

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1385-1384 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Targeted reforestation refers to ecosystems with natural and artificial energy reserves. Additional energy reserves are spent on growing and harvesting, various types of forest care, forest use, and delivery of products to consumers, including energy costs for all types of preparation. The wood to be harvested must be assessed on the energy consumption required for its production. The purpose of this work was to develop a comprehensive methodology to assess the energy effect, model the process of plantation operation considering the soil type, tree species, and technical parameters of operating machines. According to the estimation results of the trunk wood energy value, it has been established that depending on the growth rate and maturity level, the target plantations are divided into two types, which should be taken into account during planting and subsequent rotation. It is shown that with regard to the technological features of machine systems and the type of plantation, it is necessary to consider dimensional characteristics of the planting scheme and the technological cycle of exploiting the forest plantation.  The results of mathematical modeling following the technological parameters of operating machines and all types of costs showed that the cost of the selected target species for reforestation can provide sufficient profit when optimizing the machine system operations. The principle of modular division of machines system on power, technological, and transport modules is offered, which vary in purpose, criteria of parameters optimization, and indicators of work. The obtained mathematical model and methodology of target planting optimization can be applied in forestry and agricultural complexes, as well as become the basis for further research in this direction.


Keywords: Targeted reforestation, Wood energy value, Productivity, Ecosystem management, Plantation preparation, Planting systems






Evaluation of the Biological and Ecological Characteristics of Plants Tulipa Biebersteiniana Schult. Et schult. Fil. Thelocal Population of the Belgorod Region

Tatyana N. Glubsheva, Nikolay I. Sidelnikov, Vladimir I. Cherniavskih, Elena V. Dumacheva, Svetlana E. Grigorenko

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1385-1389 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The problem of identification and determination of the habitat of the Red book species Tulipa biebersteiniana is revealed. A morphological description of the species found on the territory of the Belgorod region is given. Through the assessment of morphometric features, numerical characteristics of populations, parameters of life strategy, the hypothesis of bioecological differences in populations is put forward.


Keywords: Tulipa biebersteiniana, Red Book of the Belgorod region, Bulb, Local populations, Occurrence





Prediction of Air pollution in Al-Hmadi City using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

Al-Rashed, A., Al-Mutairi, N. and Boureslli A. 

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1390-1399 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Neural networks application (ANNs) has been used at recent years in several technology areas. Applying artificial neural networks (ANN) has too many environmental engineering problems provide remarkable success. The objective of this project is to predict and show the accuracy of using neural network in air quality prediction in Al Ahmadi city. Several parameters such as carbon dioxide (CO2), ammonia, benzene, relative humidity, temperature, air velocity and air direction are used in this study, for period of four years. The correlation coefficient was used to indicate the performance of ANN. The networks provide a good prediction performance with R value 0.93308 for CO2, 0.81805 and 0.923 for Ammonia and Benzene, respectively.


Keywords: Neural Network, Forecast, Air pollution, Quality





Formation of a Knowledge base in the Field of Patenting Technologies and Equipment for Involvement in the Processing and use of Woody Greenery in Industry, Agriculture and in the Social Sphere

 Shegelman I. R., Vasilev A. S., Sukhanov Y. V., Lukashevich V. M., Galaktionov O. N., Kuznetsov A. V., Krupko A. M.

 Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1400-1407 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: In recent years, the results of intellectual activity - numerous technological and technical solutions - have been patented for the basic operations of the forestry complex. Insufficient attention is paid to the formation of knowledge bases in the field of technologies and equipment for involving non-timber forest resources in the processing. The formation of databases in this area is caused by the identified trends in the development of products from various types of natural raw materials for the pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic industries and other spheres of the social sphere and the economy. Among the types of natural raw materials, an important place is occupied by raw materials with a wide range of biological effects, including woody greens. The development of a knowledge base in the field of involving tree greenery in various spheres of the social sphere and economy was carried out on the basis of a systematic patent search. The analysis made it possible to form a knowledge base about the main most characteristic technological and technical solutions patented in Russia in the field of harvesting, processing and use of greenery of tree species growing in Russia in industry, agriculture and in the social sphere. These solutions are classified according to the types of greenery used (complex of conifers, and in the context of woody greenery of fir, pine, larch, cedar and dwarf cedar, juniper, and deciduous trees). Within each class of patents in the field of wood greenery processing, patents are given taking into account the directions of their use, the effects achieved as a result of the implementation of patented solutions with the allocation of economic entities conducting patenting in the studied area. In this regard, the authors carried out research with the conduct of patent information search, collection and systematization of information. The state and tendencies of directions of patenting in the field of technologies and equipment for the use of tree greenery in industry and in the social sphere are revealed, the main goals of patenting (effects) are determined to achieve which the patented intellectual property objects are considered. The most interesting patents collected during the formation of the knowledge base are presented.


Keywords: Knowledge base, Tree greenery, Tree species, Forest complex, Non-timber forest resources, Intellectual property, Plant raw materials, Patent, patent search





Reforestation by Seedlings and Saplings: Challenges and Solutions

Shegelman I. R., Vasilev A. S., Lukashevich V. M., Sukhanov Y. V., Galaktionov O. N., Kuznetsov A. V., Krupko A. M.

 Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1408-1415 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Despite the urgent need to accelerate the development of intensive forest management and reforestation technologies in Russia, the problem of creating progressive technologies and techniques to increase the efficiency of reforestation by seedlings and saplings of forest crops has not been completely resolved, which are serious challenges for accelerated and high-quality reforestation. Of particular concern is the lack of patented equipment competitive in the domestic and foreign markets for reforestation by seedlings and saplings of forest crops that can accelerate the creation of highly productive forests. To answer these challenges, it is proposed as a tool for the synthesis of patentable solutions that increase the efficiency of forest regeneration by seedlings and saplings of forest crops, to use the knowledge base formed on the basis of patent information search and the author’s methodology of functional, structural and technological analysis. A classification of the main areas of patenting in this area is proposed. The most characteristic patented objects of technologies and equipment that can be used as analogues and prototypes for the synthesis and patenting of new intellectual property for planting seedlings/saplings, as well as business entities patenting in this area, are identified. The effects (goals) for the achievement of which the technical solutions incorporated in the patents are directed are revealed. Using the generated knowledge base and the FSTA methodology, a synthesis of new patentable technical solutions has been carried out. Its features and some results are given on the example of several basic objects of machines and manual devices for planting seedlings/saplings. It is proved that the application of the proposed methodology to the selected object for improving the processes of planting seedlings/saplings is effective, which is confirmed by the development and patenting of fundamentally new technical solutions for equipping forest regeneration with seedlings and saplings of forest crops.


Keywords: Forest regeneration, Forest crops, Seedling, Sapling, Patent, Synthesis of patentable solutions, Functional, Structural and technological analysis





Evaluation of Utilizing the Magnetic Techniques to Treat the Sulfuric Water Resources in Nineveh Governrate / Iraq

Ayham Taha Al-Rawi

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1416-1419 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The sulfuric water in Iraq is considered one of the polluted water resources due to their high sulfur contents which reach about (1000 ppm) in Iraqi sulfur springs which consider more than the permitted rate in the global scale limiting (200-400 ppm). So, this study was conducted to treat the water of the sulfur springs by using magnetic techniques, through the identification of the physical and chemical traits before and after treatment as well as determining the validity of these types of water for different uses. The Mosul city contains several sulfur water springs which located in (A) Mosul dam area, (B) area of Ein Kebriet in the center of Mosul, and (C) area of the Hammam-Alalil, where the sulfur water causes contamination of the surface water due to flowing towards the Tigris River. So, magnetic techniques were applied; where the sulfur water was passed for a period of (15 and 30 minutes), through a closed mgnetic circuit of a device which generates a magnetic field of (1000 Gauss). We found, that after the treatment by the magnetic techniques the physical characteristics changed when the yellow sulfur color disappeared and converted to the transparent color. Also, the sulfuric odor disappeared while the chemical properties such as the pH values found its change; in the site (A) from 6 to 7.1, in the site (B) from 6.5 to 7.4 and in the site (C) from 9 to 8.4. Moreover, electric conductivity (EC) decreased; in site (A) from 1721 ppm  to 17 ppm, in the site (B) from 1414 ppm  to 15 ppm and in the site (C) from 871 ppm  to (9) while the  total dissolved solids (TDS) values increased in the site (A) from 3.5×103 ppm to 3.8×103 ppm, in the site (B) from 2.8×103 ppm  to 3.1×103 ppm and in the site (C) from 1.7×103 ppm  to 1.8×103 ppm. Due to the efficiency of treatment by increasing the solubility of water contents, and decreased the sulfate values (SO4) in site (A) from 1392 ppm to 144, in site (B) from 945 ppm to 95 ppm and in site (C) from 247 to 26, due to their conversion to hydrogen sulfide gas and their volatilization in the atmosphere, which is caused by a fault odor in the laboratory. Thus, the flowing of the treated water to the river contributes in the enrichment of surface water, also possible for its investment in agricultural irrigation. 


Keywords: Magnetic techniques, Sulfuric water, Nineveh governorate, Iraq





Effect of Aerobic and Arm Exercises on HbA1c and Immunological Properties of Breast Milk in Diabetic Lactating Women

Magda Sayed Morsi, Adel Farouk El Begawy, Reham Hamed Saad Hamza

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1420-1424 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Objective: To assess the therapeutic efficacy of aerobic and arm exercises on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and immunological properties of breast milk in diabetic lactating women. Material and Methods: This study was carried out on thirty breast feeding diabetic lactating women. They were randomly divided into two groups. Group (A) received aerobic and arm exercises, diet program and medications for 8 weeks (n=15), while group (B) received diet program and medications for 8 weeks (n=15). HbA1c and immunological properties of breast milk (IgA, lactoferrin and lysozyme) were evaluated before and after treatment for both groups. Results: Comparing both groups post-treatment showed that there were a statistically significant reduction in HbA1c (p<0.05) and statistically significant increases in all immunological properties of breast milk (p<0.05) in favor of group (A). Conclusion: Aerobic and arm exercises have a significant positive effect on HbA1c and immunological properties of breast milk in diabetic lactating women.


Keywords: Diabetic lactating women, Aerobic and arm exercises, HbA1c, Breast milk, Immunological properties





Analysis of Factors Related to Personal Behaviour of Hygiene on the Ship Crew in PT Salam Pasific Indonesia Lines Surabaya

Febrina Putri Raoef, Eka Mishbahatul M. Has, Deni Yasmara

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1425-1428 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Fulfilment of personal hygiene is needed for individual comfort, safety, and health. Personal hygiene needs are needed both healthy people and sick people. Personal hygiene practices aim to improve health where the skin is the body's first defence line against infection. This study aims to explain the factors associated with personal hygiene behaviour on the crew at PT Salam Pacific Indonesia Lines Surabaya. This study used a correlational study design with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study was the crew of the ship PT Salam Pacific Indonesia Lines that docked at the Port of Tanjung Perak Surabaya as many as 7 ships with a total sample of 104 respondents. The independent variables measured included knowledge, attitudes, infrastructure and friend support, and the dependent variable measured was personal hygiene behaviour. Research data collection using an instrument in the form of a questionnaire after this was analysed with the Spearman rank statistical test. The results of this study indicate that the level of knowledge has an insignificant relationship (p = 0.876) with personal hygiene behaviour, attitudes have insignificant relationship (p = 0.114) with personal hygiene behaviour, infrastructure has an insignificant relationship (p = 0,280) with personal hygiene behaviour, and friend support have insignificant relationship (p = 0,121) with personal hygiene behaviour. There was no dominant factor in personal hygiene behaviour on the crew at PT SPIL Surabaya.


Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Friend support, Facilities and infrastructure, Personal hygiene, Crew members






General Trends in the Environmental State of the Atmosphere of the Industrial Territory of the Nizhny Novgorod Region and the Sanitary Protection Zone of Nizhny Novgorod's City-Forming Enterprise

Andrey Vladimirovich Kozlov, Nataliya Nikolaevna Koposova, Irina Pavlovna Uromova, Aleksandra Viktorovna Volkova, Irina Rafailovna Novik, Lev Dmitrievich Kovler, Artyom Yurievich Zhadaev, Yuri Mikhailovich Avdeev

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1429-1433 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: The paper presents the trends in atmospheric pollution of the Balahna agglomeration (Nizhny Novgorod region, Russia), identified based on the ecological and chemical analysis of snow masses accumulated in 2019 and 2020, and also describes some features of the pollution of snow accumulated in 2020 in the protective zone of one of the city-forming enterprises of Nizhny Novgorod. Within Balahna-Pravdinsk, the presence of chlorides, sulfates, and hydrocarbonates in the snow waters was revealed, which may indicate the presence of corresponding ecotoxicants in the gas and dust emissions of the enterprise. Within Nizhny Novgorod, the presence of increased concentrations of ammonia, as well as the presence of nitrogen oxides and dust-like pollution in the atmosphere of an industrial area, was established.


Keywords: Atmospheric pollution level, Ecological analysis of snow, Snow as a deposition medium of ecotoxicants from the atmosphere, Gas and dust emissions, Sanitary protection zone






Change in Peak Systolic Velocity of Cavernous Artery in Response to Low Intensity Shock Waves Therapy in Diabetic Polyneuropathy Patients with Erectile Dysfunction: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Abdelrazak A Ahmed, Wael S Shendy, Moataz M Elsemary, Mahmoud S Asal, Omar M Elsoghier

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1434-1438 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Although several reports have documented the subjective improvement of erectile function after low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) in patients with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (ED), objective assessment data of penile hemodynamics are lacking. The aim of this research is to detect the Change in peak systolic velocity of cavernous artery in response to low intensity shock waves therapy in diabetic patients with erectile dysfunction.  This study is a randomized controlled trial. Overall forty male individuals with mean age(48.6±5.52 years)who have erectile dysfunction after diabetes were equally divided into two separate groups. 1st Group received low intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). 2nd Group received shame therapy by put head of shock wave while machine is turned off. 1st Group received low intensity extracorporeal shock wave with the following parameters: - 3000 SWs (energy intensity of 0.09mJ/mm2) to each of five different sites of application: three areas along the penile shaft and two areas at the crural level for six weeks as a total period of treatment. Measurements of peak systolic velocity by penile duplex were performed before the treatment and after 3months. There were change in peak systolic velocity of the right and left cavernous arteries were low at baseline, indicating arterial insufficiency. After treatment, PSV significantly in the two groups; however, the post-treatment PSV was significantly higher in the SW group compared to the PFE group (p < 0.001, for both arteries).LIESWT is lead to significant changes in patients suffering from erectile dysfunction after diabetes as evidenced by increase in the peak systolic volume of the both right and left cavernous arteries of the shock wave group.


Keywords: Peak systolic velocity, Low intensity shock wave therapy, Erectile Dysfunction and Diabetic patients





Pretrial on SP3 Corruption Case in the Perspective of Victim Justice

Hery Firmansyah, Eriyantouw Wahid, Amad Sudiro

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1439-1446 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Corruption in Indonesia has spread like a virus since the 1960s that is harming the nation’s economy as well as victims of these crimes. Although the government tried to eradicate such crimes i.e. law enforcement, the issue still exists. The normative legal research method is used in the current study. The statute approach is utilized to review the termination of investigations as the basis for pre-trial submission by third parties for which data was collected by library research. To analyse the data, researchers examined the obtained materials to process it further. Results state that there is still a significant gap between law enforcement officials and people suffering from these corruption cases. The pre-trial complaint mechanism is not effective so far thus leaving ambiguity in victims’ minds. Based on study results, we, therefore, recommend that some serious and clear eradication mechanism should be introduced by law enforcement agencies to reduce corruption in Indonesia as well as victims should be given special consideration in the whole justice process.


Keywords: Corruption, Criminal justice system, Criminal law, Pretrial, SP3





Subscapularis Trigger Points as a Predictor for Frozen Shoulder Syndrome: Correlation Study

Huda B. Abd Elhamed, Ebtessam Fawzy Goma, Alaa El-din Abd El Hakem Balbaa

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1447-1449 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Trigger points in the shoulder region muscles restrict movement of shoulder and create pain on movement and at rest. The key muscle that must be examined is the subscapularis muscle. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between subscapularis trigger with shoulder pain, shoulder abduction and shoulder external rotation. 50 patients diagnosed with frozen shoulder. Data obtained regarding pressure pain threshold (PPT) using pressure algometry, shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI)using questionnaire, shoulder abduction and external rotation ROM using digital inclinometer were statistically analysed and compared. Strong negative significant correlation between PPT with SPADI, strong positive significant correlation between PPT with shoulder abduction and external rotation. Subscapularis trigger points in patients with frozen shoulder affect shoulder pain, shoulder abduction, and external rotation.


Keywords: Frozen shoulder, SPADI, Subscapularis, Trigger points, Pressure pain threshold





The Use of Exoneration Clausules as a Legal Protection for Notary

Fenny Octavia, HK Martono, Tundjung Herning Sitabuana, Gunawan Djajaputra

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1450-1455 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: This article aims to examine the use of exoneration clauses in a Notary deeds, as a new form of legal protection for Notaries in Indonesia. The research method used is juridical normative, with data collection techniques in the form of literature study of primary and secondary legal materials, and supported by interviews in support of the two legal materials. The results showed that it is possible to include an exoneration clause in a Notary deed, even though the Notary is not a party to the deed, the Notary can include the exoneration clause for his/ her own benefit. The exoneration clause as a self-protection effort carried out by a Notary, is a form of legal protection. In addition to functioning as an initial warning to the parties in the agreement, with this clause if there is an individual who states/ gives something that is untrue, then law enforcement officials can immediately take action against these parties without involving the Notary any further.


Keywords: Exoneration clause, Legal protection, Notary, Legal profession






Mediation as a Final Settlement in Bankruptcy Disputes

Bujang Ali, Mella Ismelina Farma Rahayu, Rasji 

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1456-1462 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: This study seeks to examine the concept of final mediation in the settlement of bankruptcy disputes as a form of alternative dispute resolution which has been opted by the disputing parties outside of court. The study used a normative legal research approach by investigating legal rules, legal principles, and legal doctrines to answer the legal problems faced. The results of the study show that the mediation is only a voluntary option as the Supreme Court’s Decree on Bankruptcy does not require any mediation in the settlement. It will be argued that the process of mediation is cheaper, faster, and simpler than the settlement process through the court. The implementation of mediation as a final settlement in bankruptcy disputes is a form of a person's civil rights that must be respected and upheld high as a form of agreement and contract made in accordance with Article 1320 in conjunction with Article 1338 of the Civil Code. The principle is an embodiment of the philosophy of natural law stipulating that rationally human being is given the right to freedom to perform acts. The final mediation for the settlement of bankruptcy disputes should be based on a peace agreement made by both creditors and debtors in good faith with reference to articles 1851, 1858 of the Civil Code and article 1338 in conjunction with article 1320 of the Civil Code. Thus, the study suggests that it is necessary to establish a national private mediation institution by the government or by the competent authorities.


KeywordsBankruptcy dispute, Final mediation, Alternative dispute resolution





Social Partnership in Higher Education Institutions as a Relevant Problem of Educational Management

Galina Ivanovna Gribkova, Ekaterina Valerievna Bulkina, Nadezhda Alexandrovna Shapovalova, Vera Viktorovna Chizhikova, Ekaterina Alexandrovna Amarantova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1463-1467 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract: Education has acquired a strictly focused nature, which is associated with the need to form reliable partnerships between universities and potential employers. This type of partnership is called social. The purpose of the study is to consider the problem of organizing social partnership, which is aimed to restore the focus of the activities of music education institutions on the results and values of education – the formation of students’ most important social, intellectual, and moral qualities and skills. The basis of the work comprises theoretical and practical research methods in the fields of management, sociology, economics, history, musical pedagogy, psychology, and cultural studies, as well as statistical data collection and analysis, observation, and forecasting. The main results of the study are that all five functions of the management system in the field of education, including professional music education, – forecasting, planning, and organizing activities, teamwork coordination, personnel training, monitoring and evaluation of the quality of educational services – are closely related to a specific product (a specialist in the field of musical art and pedagogy) and its promotion to the consumer (institutions of arts and culture, general and additional education institutions). Conclusions: Management in the field of education is primarily based on the grounds, goals, objectives, and principles shared with the social partner. These goals and objectives provide the focus that should determine the management of educational institutions.


Keywords: Education, Employer, Management, Social Partnership




Assessment of the Level of Region Investment Security

Nataliya Apatova, Diana Burkaltseva, Elena Vorobyоva, Svetlana Gerasimova, Oleg Blazhevich, Amina Zharova, Julia Plaksa

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1468-1479 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The purpose of the article is to assess the level of investment security in the region using the example of Crimea. All indicators of investment security must brought into a comparable form to calculate the integral indicator of investment security in the region. This requires standardization and comparison of the obtained numerical values of each indicator with its normative value. We calculate the integrated indicators for each group of indicators, and then we obtain the general integrated indicator of investment security. The resort and tourism sector, agriculture, construction, industry and the fuel and energy sectors are the most attractive for investors. The gross regional product (GRP) and the volume of investments in fixed assets in Crimea increased in 2014-2017. The largest share in the structure of investments in fixed assets occupied by investments in buildings and structures. Relatively small amounts in Crimea invested in housing stock. First, the Crimean economy grows; the debt burden on the region’s economy has sharply increased in 2016-2017. Second, crime decreased in 2016-2017. Third, investment in fixed assets is increasing; there is a decrease in the investment potential of the region at its own expense, but the region does not have enough foreign investment and there is a lack of investment in research. Fourth, there is a slowdown in the processes of capacity building and expansion of production, since the coefficients of renewal and retirement of fixed assets have decreased, while the fixed assets of the Crimea worn out and require updating.


Keywords: Investment security of the region, Crimea, investments, Public administration





Improving the Tools for Strategic Economic Planning at the Regional Level: Main Directions of the Search for New Solutions

Petr Iosifovich Burak, Viktor Grigorievich Rostanets, Aleksey Igorevich Kabalinsky, Irina Sergeevna Androshina, Elena Viktorovna Shurinova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1480-1485 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The article deals with the issues of improving the system of strategic planning of the economy in the regions (Russian Federation entities) in the context of contemporary national problems and world challenges. The authors summarize regional practice of socio-economic planning and assess the hierarchy and composition of existing strategic planning documents in the regions of the Russian Federation, as well as propose new types of prearranged documents as the most important planning institutions. The authors consider also the feasibility of forming regional and interregional coordination structures that perform the strategic planning functions, as well as note the importance and prospects of using information technologies in regional strategic goal setting, forecasting, and programming.


Keywords: Region, Strategic planning, Institutions, Methods





Psychological Aspects of Platform Business Models Risk Management

Alexei Valerivitch Altoukhov, Marina Vladimirovna Kuzmina, Sergey Alexandrovitch Tishchenko

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1486-1490 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The author of this article suggests an overview of the generic psychological principles of influence, earlier described by Robert Cialdini, and their application to enterprise management. Each principle is analyzed according to the structural points: brief description; distinction of enterprise-specific features; examples of positive and negative impact caused to the enterprise by the application of principle; introduction of management methods. Throughout the publication we draw attention to the importance of enterprise psychological risks management, because even though they are highly underestimated, they play a crucial role in the enterprise functioning and development perspective. Also, with this article, the author tries to prove that these risks can be avoided or even used to the benefit of the enterprise performance, despite the complexity of psychological risks management.


Keywords: Decision-making, risk management, influence principles, platform law, business model.





Development of a Mathematical Model for Kinetics of Obtaining Isocyanate via a Non-Phosgene Method for Example Benzylisocyanate

 Dashkin R. R., Shishanov M. V.

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1491-1497 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The paper considers the process of developing a mathematical model for kinetics of obtaining isocyanates via a non-phosgene method — non-catalytic thermolysis of carbamates. A mathematical model is presented, kinetic parameters such as activation energy and a pre-exponential multiplier are ascertained.


Keywords: Isocyanate production, non-phosgene technology, mathematical model, thermolysis of carbamates, kinetics of decomposition





Environmental and Socio-Legal Assessments of the Cultivation of Non-Consumed Asian Green Mussel (Perna Viridis) in the Coastal Areas of the Jakarta Bay

Untoro, Lazarus Tri Setyawanta, Esmi Warassih Rahayu, Raihan

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1498-1503 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Utilization of the waters of the northern coast of Jakarta which are contaminated with heavy metals as a conservation area through a non-consumed  Asian green mussel (perna viridis) cultivation program as an aspired law. This research method is qualitative with socio-legal approach as a basis for the formation of non-consuming green seashell. The results showed that green mussels have the advantage of being a bio filter because they are able to filter water contaminated with heavy metals. Its ability shows that 1 kilogram of green mussels can filter water as much as 10 liters/hour. Testing results in the sea water in Kamal Muara and Cilincing in 2019 showed that the heavy metal content of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) did not meet the standards of the Minister of Environment Decree Number 179 of 2004. The test results at the ordinate point of the sampling location Kamal Muara S604’41, 16972”/E106044’24,00684” (Station I) showed an increase in Pb of 0.052 mg/l, making it very appropriate as the basis for non-consumed green seashell cultivation area as this species was able to be an environmentally friendly bio filter.


Keywords: Environmental assessments, socio-legal perspectives, cultivation, non-consumed green mussel, coastal areas





Anti-Corruption Declaration as a Measure of Control for the Activities of Subjects of Public Authorities

Liudmila Kornuta, Tetiana Goloyadova, Yuliia Zavhorodnia, Yurii Reva

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1504-1509 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of anti-corruption declaration in Ukraine, which is at the stage of institutionalization and practical improvement. The aim of the article is to establish possible ways to increase the effectiveness of the anti-corruption declaration mechanism, taking into account socio-economic conditions based on the use of international experience in this process; to define a single concept of the humanization of the financial control and identify specific recommendations for reforming the existing system of anti-corruption mechanism in Ukraine. In carrying out this study, general and special methods of scientific knowledge were used: the system analysis method, the dialectic method, the formal logical method and the structural-functional method, as well as a number of empirical methods. The authors came to the conclusion that the mechanism of anti-corruption declaration in Ukraine was formed taking into account the socio-economic prerequisites for counteracting corruption and international trends in the implementation of financial control. To increase the positive effect of the introduction of anti-corruption declaration, it is important to know the approach chosen for exercising financial control over the subjects of public administration. The article may be useful for the relevant subjects of public administration for the further improvement of socially sensitive anti-corruption tools. It may also be useful for researchers of social and legal processes related to the development of civil society. An analysis of the processes of management transformation in the country and in the world facilitated to identify problems that require special attention and find solutions for the implementation of project activities to create a modern management structure for electronic filing of declarations. The novelty and originality of the study lies in the fact that the article reveals the fundamental determinants of anti-corruption declaration taking into account the development trends of public administration.


Keywords: Corruption, Humanization, Anti-corruption declaration, Subject of public authority, Financial control, International standards





Characterization of the Fish Population in the Southwestern Part of the Onega Lake (Karelia) Based on the Results of Long-Term Monitoring

Irina Mikhailovna Dzyubuk

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1510-1515 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The results of the long-term ichthyological studies of the southwestern part (the Sheltozero – Brusno region) of the Onega Lake performed as part of the environmental monitoring have been presented. This is one of the most productive and clean areas in the lake. The fish population of the southwestern part of the Onega Lake includes 20 fish species that are representatives of 10 families belonging to six faunistic complexes. By the number of the species, the Carp family dominates. By the number of the species in this area of the lake, the Arctic freshwater, the boreal plain, and the boreal foothill complexes are equally important. The species of the freshwater Pontian, the Arctic marine, and the ancient Late Tertiary complexes together amount to no more than 25 % of the total population. In the southwestern region of the lake, there are many valuable commercial species (freshwater salmon (Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758), lavaret (Coregonus lavaretus lavaretus (Linnaeus, 1758)), pikeperch (Sander lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758)), pike (Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758), etc. Smelt (Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus, 1758)) and vendace (Coregonus albula (Linnaeus, 1758)) are the most commercially valuable (75 – 85 %). The population-ecological analysis has shown a relatively good state of most studied fish species. For maintaining the existing structure and state of the fish population in the southwestern part of the Onega Lake, a set of measures is required, including the preservation and improvement of the fish habitat, the conditions for the fish reproduction and feeding; toughening the protective measures during periods with a decrease in the number of fish species; regulation of fishing, and increasing the amount of fish artificial reproduction, rearing, and releasing into the lake.


Keywords: Fishing, fish population, ecological monitoring, population.





Features of Display of Anxiety of Children Suffering from Psychosomatic Diseases

Mykola Didukh, Iryna Savenkova, Olena Kuznetsova, Iryna Litvinenko, Olesya Oleksyuk

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1516-1520 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The purpose of the study is to substantiate the individually predetermined patterns and mechanisms of time spent by children suffering from chronic non-communicable diseases of the cardiovascular system, and to identify the level of anxiety of such patients. Method: the τ-type was determined for each patient by the method of chronometric test, for which the classical method of reproduction of intervals of duration to = 2, 3, 4, 5s, set by the experimenter and reproduced by the electronic chronoscope with accuracy up to 0.001, was used.  with. Studies of the level and form of anxiety in CVD patients have shown that individuals in the experimental sample are characterized by high levels of anxiety.  At the same time, it is appropriate to emphasize that the individuals of the sangvidoid group are dominated by the reactive form of anxiety and the melancholoid - by the personal one. The levels of anxiety are consistent with the duration of the biological cycle of CVD patients.  The maximum expressiveness of the level of anxiety of patients not only coincides with the end of a quarter of long cycles and their ends, but also begins to recur with a period of 1/4 C, 1/2 C, 1/16 C, 3/4 C.


Keywords: Subjective time unit of the individual, Subjective perception of time, Chronopsychological prognosing





Development of Dry Mixtures for Protein-Carbohydrate Drinks Used for Sports Nutrition

Tatyana Anatolyеvna Ershova, Svetlana Dmitrievna Bozhko, Anna Nikolaevna Chernyshova, Julia Anatolyеvna Gavrilova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1521-1529 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: This work is aimed at developing mixtures of protein-carbohydrate drinks used in sports nutrition. Specialized protein-carbohydrate products are the powdered food mixtures with a high content of proteins and carbohydrates required for maintaining and increasing the muscle mass, restoring the glycogen levels in the muscles and the liver, and for correcting the diet of an athlete. At the first stage, theoretical work was carried out aimed at the generalization and analysis of scientific literature. Based on the literature review, biomedical and technological requirements for specialized protein-carbohydrate products for the nutrition of athletes were systematized. In accordance with the requirements, the components (Fonterra WPC 80 protein, skim milk, fructose, cocoa powder, egg albumin, maltodextrin, thickener, natural dyes, flavoring substances) were selected and justified, and the formulation of the developed products was calculated. Further research was aimed at studying the influence of product components and technological factors on the physicochemical properties of carbohydrates and proteins in the model "protein-polysaccharide-water" system. Calculation of the biological value of protein preparations was conducted, as well as the experimental studies of the dry mixing technology aimed at selecting the sequence of the introduction of components for the production of dry multi-component specialized products. Based on theoretical studies and generalizations, technological requirements and modes have been specified, and the technology of dry mixtures of protein-carbohydrate drinks for sports nutrition has been developed. Product optimization, its physicochemical, and organoleptic studies have allowed developing draft technical documentation for dry mixtures of protein-carbohydrate drinks for sports nutrition.


Keywords: Protein-carbohydrate mixtures, maltodextrin, egg albumin, whey protein, drink concentrates





Equipment of the Aeromobile Group of the Main Department of the Emercom of Russia in the Republic of Karelia

Khoroshilov K., Pashkova A., Zaitsev D.

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1530-1538 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: This article is devoted to the problem of using airmobile groups, the issues of evaluating their capabilities are considered, information is provided on the created airmobile group in the Republic of Karelia.


Keywords: Airmobile group, Equipment, Emergency, EMERCOM of Russia





Improving the Physical Fitness of Preschool Children with Mental Disorders by Means of Recreational Aerobics

Anastasia V. Stafeeva, Svetlana S. Ivanova, Gerold L. Drandrov, Irina Y. Burkhanova, Nikolay B. Vorobyov, Olga V. Reutova, Anna V. Bylushkina

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1539-1544 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The relevance of the topic presented is due to the fact that there is currently a contradiction between the increasing number of children with disabilities in preschool educational institutions, and the increasing requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard for Pre-school Education to the level of development of health components. Step aerobics is one of the effective means of solving the problems of improving the health, motor activity and functional capabilities of preschool children. The study has developed and experimentally substantiated the content of recreational aerobics classes in preschool educational establishments for children with mental disorders. The positive influence of offered means on indicators of physical development and physical readiness of preschool children having mental infringements is revealed. The aim of this research is to develop and experimentally substantiate the content of recreational aerobics classes at a preschool educational institution for children with mental disabilities. The study found a positive impact of the proposed funds on the indicators of physical development and physical fitness of preschool children with mental disorders. The materials can be used in the process of physical education of preschool children with disabilities, as well as in physical education classes in kindergartens, child development centers, physical education, and fitness classes for children.


Keywords: preschoolers, Physical fitness, Mental disorders, Physical fitness, Functionality, Step-aerobics





The Symbiotic Association of Starfish Asterias rubens and Copepod Scottomyzon gibberum


Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1545-1548 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: In this paper we study the specifics of the population of copepods Scottomyzon gibberum Scott dwell in starfish Asterias rubens L. in Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea near the N.A.Pertsov White Sea Biological Station. We singled out the "average" most populated starfish size class. The distribution of copepods on the surface and the proportion of individuals in the galls depend on the type of the biotope in which populations of starfish live and salinity of the water. In the area of Polovie islands and "Babie Sea" population of starfish is higher as well as the number of cells in their coelomic fluid. The area of the carapace of copepods in the researched water area varies.


Keywords: Asterias rubens, Scottomyzon gibberum, population indices, coelomocytes, White Sea, an area of the carapace





Increasing the Level of Social Protection of the Population: The Development Features of the Insurance Market of the Russian Federation

 Svetlana Yanova, Olga Korobeynikova, Nataliya Apatova, Oleg Blazhevich, Vlasta Shalneva, Amina Zharova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1549-1555 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: :The relevance of the study of the insurance market is associated with the strengthening of its role in increasing the level of social protection of the population, increasing the volume of investments in the development of the state economy, as well as exempting the state budget from additional costs for reimbursing losses from unforeseen events. Without insurance market development, it is impossible to ensure the safety of the socio-economic development of the state, the continuity of the functioning of business actors, improving the population welfare and many other guarantees that compensate for the effects of the current risks of environment. The aim of the work is to determine the features of the development of the insurance market in Russia, as well as to identify problems and prospects of its functioning in order to increase the level of social protection of the population. We use modern general scientific and special research methods, including deduction, induction, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, generalization, system analysis, comparison. Currently, the Russian insurance market actively reformed in accordance development strategy; however, due to the crisis processes in the economy, the full implementation of measures is somewhat difficult. The conjuncture of the insurance market is quite sensitive to fluctuations of economy; therefore, in the future its development will depend on economic and political factors, external and internal threats. Many problems solution depends on the use of modern insurance technologies (InsurTech), which combine traditional insurance methods and IT innovations. New approaches require preliminary pilot implementation with subsequent scaling, and legal regulation, the development of digital law in Russia.


Keywords: Insurance market, Financial market, Socio-economic development, State, Security, State regulation





Life-Cycle Maintenance Management Strategies for Bridges in Kuwait

Hesham Almomani, Omar Naser Almutairi

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1556-1562 | PDF | HTML  

Abstract: To meet the requirements of 21st century, Kuwait ministry of public works have realized that they should use modern technologies and management system to face challenges of modern world. So, they maintenance Administration has launched a massive program which helps to meet development needs and helps to maintain the infrastructure’s sustainable growth. Thus, it is very necessary to develop appropriate bridge maintenance strategies to meet serviceability criteria and life cycle cost optimization of new bridges. And main purpose was to meet the requirements of development needs. Bridge management system (BMS) is a software or we can say a management tool which helps us to maintain or manage the bridges. These are the following main points which helps decision makers to make a best decision. Defines bridge condition, identifies bridge needs for like if we need replacement of any material or renovation can be identified by BMS, cost of bridge during maintenance and management of the bridge, identifies bridges for Replacement and rehabilitation programs (MR & R) and also identifies for the assessment of bridges. According to replacement and rehabilitation programs minor changes or maintenance of the bridges is done by Work management system (WBS). This paper proposes a framework that can enhance the effectiveness of Kuwait’s Integrated Maintenance Management System (KIMMS). A survey for bridge contractors around the world was used as the research method for this study. This contains questions regarding their current bridge management system (BMS) and what are the input and output parameters it considers in the process. BIM (Bridge information modeling) technology is used to reduce the errors in designing and construction of the bridges by using BMS, BRIDGE OWNER may have a sustainability in the maintenance and enhancement of its bridge. We can determine the cash flow to be used in future for the replacement and repairment of bridge. It helps to adopt maintenance program to maintain life-cycle costs for the community. Helps to review the replacement and rehabilitation strategies. Helps to improve the economic life of infrastructure assets. After evaluating the BMSs used by the respondents, it turned out that the most effective procedure should have three main processes to be followed; maintenance planning, maintenance optimization, and maintenance decision support. Overall, the conceptualized framework considers an optimized procedure for maintenance management considering the balance in cost and quality of the process.


Keywords: Bridge Management System; Engineering Constraints; Kuwait’s Integrated Maintenance Management System; Sustainability, serviceability, Bridge information model





Maintenance Operations and its Management in Oil Industry in Kuwait

Hesham Almomani, Abdurahman Hamad Aldaihani

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1563-1567 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The maintenance in oil area need to undertake entire shutdowns together with generic refinery turn-around, unit shutdowns on a full accountability foundation and Scaffolding services. The in-house equipment and equipment: the in-house Maintenance workshop facility ought to be completely outfitted with lathe machines, shaping machine, hole spindle lathe machine, horizontal boring machine, radial drilling machine, pipe threading machine, valve lapping machine, mechanical seal lapping machine, welding computing device and all sorts of specialized warmness exchanger re-tubing gear and tools. Maintenance operations in this zone face many troubles in management, price and technical problems. This study aims to study the and count the failures occurred in equipments of Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) in 2019, and study the maintenance strategies used in petroleum industry in the Kuwait state, a maintenance programs or steps  will be suggested and investigated in order to improve the maintenance operations. Availability of devices are calculated depending on downtime of the devices at KOC. The data were collected about failures frequency occurred for the KOC company equipments. Most of oil equipments have good availability but in the case of KOC four devices have availability less than 90% which means more failure and downtime, the company adopted a Zero S/D PM Strategy or Philosophy which decreasing failures by 75% and improve the availability of KOC devices.  Planning and management of maintenance and monitoring operations in any company decreasing failure frequency of equipments and so downtime of equipments which improves the equipments availability.


Keywords: Oil sector, Maintenance, Availability, KOC, Downtime and failures





Physicochemical and Sorption Properties of Anionites Based on Aromatic Amines, Epichlorohydrin and Polyethylenimine with Regard to Strontium (II) Ions

Edil Ergozhayevich Ergozhin, Tulegen Kamenovich Chalov, Tatyana Vasilievna Kovrigina, Yevgeniy Aleksandrovich Melnikov

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1568-1573 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Multifunctional anion exchangers based on aromatic amines, epichlorohydrin and polyethylenimine have been synthesized. Their composition, structure, and thermal stability have been studied using IR spectroscopy, elemental and thermogravimetric analyses. Extraction of strontium ions has been studied using classical polarography, and sorption of strontium (II) ions in static regime has been determined as a function of solution acidity, metal ion concentration, and contact duration of ionites with SrCl2 solution. It has been established that the obtained ion exchangers are characterized by high sorption properties with regard to strontium ions. The novelty of these studies is that the sorption dependence of synthesized ionites with regard to Sr2+ ions has been studied for the first time. The practical importance of this work is the development of anion exchangers with higher extractability, which could successfully solve the issues of elimination of strontium (II) ions from process wastes of nonferrous metallurgy.


Keywords: Sorption, Strontium, Sorption capacity, Anion exchanger, Extraction





Regulating Waste Management: National Experience and International Practice

Eleonora Sergeevna Navasardova, Tamara Ivanovna Makarova, Andrey Nikolaevich Zaharin, Kira Vladimirovna Kolesnikova, Roman Vladimirovich Nutrikhin

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1574-1580 | PDF | HTML  


 Abstract: The article analyzes legal changes in the field of municipal solid waste management in Russia and considers situations that have already arisen and will arise in the future in connection with the need to qualify certain acts as offenses under the new legislation. In this regard, the authors of the article became the first to identify the problems relevant to many former Soviet republics. They have developed solutions that can be used by countries that experience similar difficulties. To reform the above-mentioned sphere, it is necessary to introduce new actors into the field of waste management and, accordingly, into the area of legal responsibility in case of non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of their duties. The article examines the responsibility, rights and obligations of the parties to such relations. The authors have concluded that the legislator should clearly define possible violations and types of their punishment. The article also pays attention to such parties involved in waste management as "landowners". However, the list of possible violators cannot be denoted in such a way since not all owners of land plots with residential real estate are full-fledged owners of these plots. Some of them lease land plots or have limited property rights. As landowners, they should be recognized as parties to relations in the field of municipal solid waste management. One more issue which is especially relevant for the former Soviet republics is to determine an entity responsible for the collection and removal of waste from land plots, whose ownership is unclear. The article claims that responsibility for cleaning the territory of a land plot should be assigned to local authorities at the location of this contaminated land plot.


Keywords: Industrial and household waste, legal responsibility.





Respiratory Tract Disorders Associated with Changes of the Mucous Membrane in Workers often Exposed to Pathological and Toxic Factors

Elida Tairovna Topchubaeva, Zhazgul Bukarbaevna Imetova, Akshoola Kozmanbetovna Turusbekova, Baktyar Omurbekovich Abdurahmanov, Roman Kalmatovich Kalmatov

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1581-1585 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: This article is investigating changes in the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract in workers who are often exposed to pathological and toxic factors. Research methods and materials: Air sampling was performed by aspirator and gas analyzer. Collected air was checked for chemical composition. Results and discussions: Air sampling of the working area detected toxic substances such as dust, soot and toxic gases: SO2, N2O5, N2O4, NO2, N2O, CO and H2S. Concentrations of these toxic substance and gases varied from 0.06-15.8 mg/m3. Mechanisms of toxic effects causing occupational disorders by various substances and chemicals described. Conclusions: Respiratory tract disorders including chronic bronchitis, allergic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer in workers exposed to pathological and toxic factors have been described.


Keywords: Respiratory tract disorders, mucous membrane, workers, substances and gases, air sampling





Water Quality Study of Freshwater of Bekaa Valley to the Delta at Mediterranean Seawater in the region of Lebanon

 Adnan Falah, Husein Yemendzhiev, Valentin Nenov

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1589-1593 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The water quality of fresh water, springs and wells in Bekaa valley, mountain district, a region of Republic of Lebanon in connection/delta of Mediterranean sea (basin) is surveyed along the Lebanese north, central and south coast at Tripoli, Jounieh and Saida deltas respectively in which, Sannine Aquifer at Bekaa valley, the major groundwater source for the coastal area is in-direct contact with the sea. The thin freshwater lens (delta) is being heavily exploited in this area, where a large number of wells exist in the area passing coastal areas of Lebanon. Many of those wells are saline and are not suitable for direct domestic use or even for irrigation. This study deals with water quality study, general assessment of level of pollution and potential influence on seawater through analysis of Physico-Chemical parameters and selected Inorganic substances of water sample collected from south, central and north Lebanese coastal water among with major water natural resources at Bekaa valley.


Keywords: Water Quality, Bekaa Valley, Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon





Scenario Forecasting and Monitoring of Regional Development Clusters of Economic Entities

Alexander Sergeevich Rodionov, Vladimir Borisovich Soloviev, Evgeny Vasilievich Sukhanov, Nikolay Viktorovich Valuyskov

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1594-1598 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Real-time management becomes a necessary condition for the sustainable development of economic entities in the context of uncertainty. Regional development of the territory includes the creation of clusters to stimulate economic development. The scenario forecasting of the sustainable functioning of economic entities, as well as a proactive risk-oriented approach to strengthening positive trends and reducing negative consequences in the course of implementing decisions, are an important task. Monitoring as a means of conducting continuous gap analysis is an important tool for such management. The authors develop a phenomenological approach to project management in the context of instability and uncertainty of the business environment, to quantum thinking, dynamic planning, and control in the extreme project management.


Keywords: Management, Clusters, Scenario forecasting, Sustainable development, Monitoring, Uncertainty, Business environment





Self-Identity of Adolescents in the Cross-Cultural Aspect (on the example of Mongolian and Russian Adolescents)

Tuyana Ts. Dugarova, Evgeniya M. Trofimova, Aldar V. Damdinov, Larisa A. Andreeva, Lidiya P. Sagalakova, Irina Zh. Shakhmalova, Tumen-Zhargal Ts. Dugarov

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1599-1605 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The article represents the empirical research results on self-identification of Mongolian and Russian adolescents. The research hypothesis is the assumption that there are culturally determined differences in the structure and content of the components of Mongolian and Russian adolescents’ personal and social identities. The sample of subjects consists of 185 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years (94 adolescents living in the city of Khovd (Western Mongolia) and 91 adolescents living in Biysk (Altai Region). The main research method is a non-standardized test of M. Kuhn, T. McPartland “The Twenty Statements Test”. Statistically significant differences in the content components of identity are obtained, which are determined by the respondents’ nationality and gender. On the basis of the hierarchical cluster analysis, the self-description content and structural differences in the adolescents of different nationalities are distinguished.


Keywords: Identity, self-identification, social and personal identity, traditional values, adolescents, cross-cultural aspect





Tonality of the Concept “Refugee” in the German Mass-Media Discourse of Different Political Content

Adelia Grigorievna Khasanova, Tatyana Yakovlevna Zaglyadkina, Alfiya Nailevna Zaripova, Olga Valerevna Akimova

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1606-1610 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Recently, there have been profound social, political and economic changes in Europe, associated with a huge influx of refugees. The relevance of the studied language problem is connected with the changes that took place in Germany which have influenced the state, political parties and the population’s attitude towards refugees, and, in particular, the presentation of the unresolved problems of the hosting and integration of refugees in the publicist discourse. About four years have passed since the crisis began, however, many topics still cause controversy and discussion, which in turn is reflected in the press. The article aims to analyse the tonality of the concept “Refugee” in the German mass-media discourse of different political content. The leading method of the research is the sentiment analysis of the studied concept “Refugee” using sentiment dictionaries and considering articles from liberal (Die Tageszeitung (Taz)), conservative (Deutschland Kurier) and social-democratic newspapers (Stern). As a result of the analysis, it has been found that the social-democratic Stern is the newspaper with the most negative tonality with the arithmetic average of 0.184. The liberal newspaper Die Tageszeitung (Taz) has depicted the refugee crisis with more positive publications with the arithmetic average of 0.374. The conservative newspaper Deutschland Kurier, with the arithmetic average of 0.269, is in the middle. During the analysed period, Stern has 58% negative, 40.3% positive and 1.34% neutral publications. Taz has 53% positive and 47% negative publications, without any neutral articles at all. Deutschland Kurier has more negative materials (57%) than neutral (28%) and positive materials (15%). The materials of the article can be applied in linguistics, stylistics and lexicology of the Russian and German languages; in linguistic regional geography and intercultural communication. The method of dictionary-based sentiment analysis may find further application of the political discourse tonality analysis.


Keywords: Refugee, Concept, Higher education, Linguistics, Communication, Tonality, Corpus linguistics, Sentiment analysis, Computational linguistics, Dictionary-based sentiment analysis





Rationale Factors Affecting Participation in Managerial Administration of Chiwavitee Community Enterprise Group’s Members in Nam KianSub-district, Phu Phiang District, Nan Province

Thatchai Siriwa, Jukkaphong Poung-Ngamchuen, Nakarate Rungkawat, Phutthisun Kruekum

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1611-1617 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The Thai government has launched a policy on the community economy development for local community enterprises. Unfortunately, a majority of community enterprise groups were not successful due to the members’ lack of participation in managerial administration. Therefore, this research emphasizes the participatory and rationale factors affecting the participation of Chiwavitee Community members in Nam Kian Sub-district, Phu Phiang District, Nan Province in 4 aspects, namely: decision making, implementation, benefit sharing, and evaluation. Questionnaires were employed for data collection from 256 community enterprise’s members. The obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that, almost two-third (64.50%) of groups’ members were female, with an average age of 44.05, graduated at the vocational certificate and advanced vocational certificate level (34.00%). The members engaged in agriculture and general employment (35.90%, and 35.20% respectively). More than one-half (54.70%) of the members received marketing information of community enterprises. They had moderately high level of attachment among members, and participation of activities with other groups or organizations (= 4.49, and = 4.49 respectively). As a whole, they had moderately high level (= 3.87) of business operational success, as well as had high level (= 4.53) of participation in managerial administration. Moreover, the study found 7 main rationale factors affecting participation in managerial administration of members which were gender, age, educational attainment, occupation, receiving informational of marketing in community enterprise management, attachment among members, and participation of activities with other groups or organizations.


Keywords: Participation, Community Enterprise, Chivawitee Community Enterprise Group, Managerial Administration





Managing Complexity and Resource-Based Strategy Cases in the Implementation of Food Security Policy in Indonesia

 Novayanti Sopia Rukmana S, Alwi, Gita Susanti

Volume 9  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 1618-1624 | PDF | HTML   

Abstract: The main objective of this study is to explain managing complexity through the resource-based view as a strategy for the implementation of food security policy. Because the study so far still focused on the form, type, and its dimensions. The study uses a qualitative design and case study strategy to explain the implementation of food security policy. Techniques of data collection used were observation, depth-interviews, and documentation. Based on the matching patterns and time series analysis, managing the complexity of resource sharing in the implementation of food security policy is not effective. This happens because the resources owned by them are not integrated through the governance network. Besides, the governance network organization does not have a clear vision, so they also behave in a changing manner and controlling their resources. This is shown by each government agency controlling the funds for this program and the extension workers do not have the necessary expertise in the food diversification, rice, and animal food programs. Therefore, resource sharing strategies that have value, rareness, imperfect imitability, and organization can achieve successful implementation of this policy.  

Keywords: Managing complexity, resource-based strategy, implementation policy, and food security policy







Biosynthesis, Characterization, Antibacterial Activity and Anticancer Effect of Silver Nanoparticles Using Anethum Graveolens Leaf Extract

Vahab Alamdari-Palangi, Alireza Shojazadeh, Farnaz Hosseini, Nesa Khalaf, Aria Dianatinasab, Mehrdad Ameri

Volume 8  |  Issue 4 |  Pages: 1625-1629 | PDF | HTML   


Abstract:  Nanoparticles are used in various fields of science, especially medicine. Advent of nanotechnology has led to significant development in disease diagnosis, treatment and drug delivery. Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) play an important role in medical application, which makes them a viable alternative to common antibiotics. Amongst various methods, synthesis of Ag-NPs via green method has the advantage of being cost effective with no toxic agent. In this study, Spherical shape Ag-NPs with average size of 30 nm were synthetized using Anethum graveolens leaf extract as a green, cost-effective, non-toxic and environment-friendly source. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size analysis (PSA) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) were performed to characterize synthesized Ag-NPs. The antibacterial activity of the synthetized Ag-NPs was evaluated against gram positive and negative bacterial pathogens. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) at different concentrations of Ag-NPs were used to evaluate their antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa pathogens. The results exhibited a desirable antibacterial property of Ag-NPs, suggested its usage as putative antibacterial agents. Moreover, the anticancer effect of green synthesized Ag-NPs was evaluated against MCF-7 lines and results showed that the cell viability is depended on the concentration of Ag-NPs. In short, this method provides a simple, cost effective and eco-friendly way to synthesis Ag-NPs which can be used as a suitable alternative to common antibiotics that use hazardous chemical agents, additionally, with anticancer effects against MCF-7 cells.


Keywords: Silver nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Antibacterial agents, Anticancer effect



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