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Volume 8, Issue 1, (2020)

Table of Contents





Sorption of Aspirin from Aqueous Solutions using Rice Husk as Low Cost Sorbent

Abdoulaye Demba N’diaye and Mohamed Sid’Ahmed Kankou

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 1-5 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The Rice Husk (RH) was used as low cost sorbent for the removal of aspirin by sorption from aqueous solution. The RH was characterized by using the point of zero charge (pHpzc), Boehm titration and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Batch sorption experiments are intended to identify the adsorption isotherms of aspirin on the RH. The experimental data were fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The Sum of the Squares of the Errors (SSE) and the correlation coefficient R2 between the calculated and the experimental data by nonlinear regressive analysis were used. The Langmuir model better described the isotherm data with the maximum Langmuir monolayer adsorption capacity was 47.03 mg g-1 at pH 2. As a conclusion, RH could be one of the low cost and environmentally friendly sorbent.


Keywords: Aspirin, Rice Husk, low cost sorbent, isotherms.





The Influence of Online Food Delivery Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty: The Role of Personal Innovativeness

Yusra, Arawati Agus

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 6-12 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The online food delivery industry has emerged as a new channel of food delivery and marketing in order to capture a bigger share and sale in the food industry. This new type of business delivery has become very popular, especially among young, busy and working people. In addition, this business has become more competitive due to the increasingly new business entries and users’ expectation resulted from the anxiety of online food ordering and time convenience, but not at the expense of providing quality products and services. Therefore, it is very crucial that online service providers understand the nature and requirements as well as the pertinent aspects of the online service industry that are considered important to the customers in this emerging market. This study tries to explore and gauge information to guide the online service providers regarding the requirements and attributes of this new service delivery system. Using adopted questionnaire from Mobile Service Quality (M-S-QUAL), this study aims to investigate the relationships between customers perceived service quality of online food delivery (OFD) and its influence on customer satisfaction and customer loyalty, moderated by personal innovativeness. The data are collected from the customers or users of any online food delivery service and will be analyzed using correlations and Hierarchical Moderated Regression Analysis.

Keywords: Online Food Delivery (OFD); Mobile Service Quality (M-S-QUAL); Customer Satisfaction; Customer Loyalty; Personal Innovativeness.





Willingness to Pay for Halal Transportation Cost: The Moderating Effect of knowledge on the Theory of Planned Behavior

Abdul Hafaz Ngah, Jagan Jeevan,  Nurul Haqimin Mohd Salleh, Taylor Tae Hwee Lee,  Siti Marsila Mhd Ruslan

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 13-22 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: Halal transportation services is one of the crucial components of producing Halal products. Since Halal is unique and involves elaborate regulations and executions, therefore it requires huge investment. Like any other supply chain, the transportation cost will be transferred to the end users, normally the customers, thus increasing the price of final products. It is notably common to find studies done on Muslim customers and their preference on Halal products, however, studies on Muslims preferences towards Halal transportation could still be considered as novel. By adopting the Theory of Planned Behavior and religiosity; and by taking into account the moderating effect of knowledge, this study aims to identify the factors that lead to the customers’ willingness to pay for the Halal transportation cost. Using a purposive sampling method, the data was collected among Muslim consumers in a prominent shopping complex in Malaysia and was analyzed using Smart Partial Least Squares (PLS). Based on the finding, it is shown that the attitude and perceived behavioral control gave a positive relationship with the willingness to pay for Halal transportation. Meanwhile, subjective norm and religiosity were on the opposite as there were both hold an insignificant effect towards the willingness to pay for the Halal transportation. Knowledge has moderated the relationship between attitude and willingness to pay for Halal transportation, but not for the relationship between subjective norm and perceived behavioral control. It is expected that this study could provide a better understanding of Muslim consumers’ behavior on purchasing for Halal transportation, as well as other Halal supply chain activities.

Keywords: Theory of Planned Behavior; Willingness to pay; Halal transportation Cost; moderating effect





HR, Workplace Bullying, and Turnover Intention: The Role of Work Engagement
Gadi Dung Paul, Daisy Mui Hung Kee
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 23-27 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The turnover among academicians is established in Nigeria by Nigeria Institute of Management, citing turnover rates in tertiary institutions ranging from 11% to 18.3%. Therefore, this paper provides a review of HRM, workplace bullying and turnover intention. It is argued that both HRM and workplace bullying are two important conditions that affect employee’s turnover intention. Drawing on social exchange theory, this paper suggests that there is a significant relationship between HRM, workplace bullying and turnover intention. The study used 45 research papers such as (EBSCOhost, Emerald, JSTOR, PsycINFO, SAGE Premier, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SpringerLink, Springer Protocols, and Taylor & Francis) to unearth out appropriate data for the study. The researchers extracted articles that are as relevant as possible. The research conducted from April to September 2018 and supported by peer-reviewed research papers published in English. This paper proposes work engagement could be a potential mediator between HRM and turnover intention. In addition, this paper also proposes if work engagement mediates the relationship between workplace bullying and turnover intention. This paper conceptualizes HRM into five main dimensions, namely career development, performance appraisal, training and development, reward and recognition and recruitment and selection. Suggestions and implications for future study on HRM, workplace bullying, and turnover intention are also suggested

Keywords: Workplace bullying; HRM; work engagement; turnover intention




Human Resources Management Practices and its Impact on Employee Commitment Mong Staffs of Road Transport Department, Perak, Malaysia
Che Supian Mohamad Nor, Ramesh Kumah Haji Mohamed, Baderisang Mohamed, Nor Aisha Che Hassan
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 28-34 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: This paper intends to examine the impact of Human Resources Management (HRM) Practices on the employee commitment at Road Transport Department (RTD), State of Perak, Malaysia. There were about 500 employees in this department and a total of 220 questionnaires were distributed randomly through head of departments. The findings of the research revealed that there were positive relationships between HRM Practices and employee commitment. However, among four HRM practices dimensions (remunerations, recognitions, working environment, and training and development) that had been investigated, only working environment and training and development had significant relationship with employee commitment.

Keywords: HRM Practices; Employee Commitment; Road Transport Department; Public Sector Employees




Crime, Urban Flight and Societal Wellbeing: A Case of Malaysia
William Wee-Lim Hew, Boon-Yee Low, Gerald Guan-Gan Goh, Siok-Hwa Lau
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 35-40 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: Today, the exploding population, rising costs of living, and limited living spaces have led to various social problems for urban residents. World governments have been gradually moving towards promotion of urban wellbeing where urban centres must be ecosystems that promote societal health and wellbeing as well as conducive for improving its residents' quality of life (21). Malaysia is of no exception; despite the various initiatives by the Government, recent years have seen an increase in residential crime and this has adverse impacts on urban wellbeing. This paper discusses how crime affects urban wellbeing and how the problem may be contained. Semi-structured interviews conducted with residents in crime-prone areas in Malaysia have found that growing criminal activity might lead to urban flight or depopulation of residential estates. This runs counter to urban wellbeing as it increases the stress levels of families by destabilising them. The interview also revealed that these problems may be curbed by increasing the safety through various spatial management practices as well as knowledge sharing and participation by residents in community events. This study provides recommendations to federal and local authorities in spatial policies as well as for housing developers in designing future housing projects.

Keywords: crime; urban flight; urban wellbeing; society






An Overview of Leveraging Workers’ Compensation Rights Based from Biological Infections
Marziah Zahar
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 41-46 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The workers’ compensation firm offers reasonable compensation to its beneficiary members when it comes to occupational disease. While common occupational-related injuries are visually justifiable, many illnesses influenced by biological hazard are difficult to predict as it takes years for the disease to develop, depending on the individual immune system. The occupational disease that consists of physical injury and microbial infection were rising in the past decades. This paper discoursed a winding microbial infection from direct contact and prolonged condition, which both are originated from physical injuries. In principle, the complexity to extenuate microbial pathogenicity usually hamper compensation claims; as it faced various challenges and condition to meet its requirement. We included several legal opinions that support compensation benefits, in hope to leverage a hopeful transition of compensation rights of trained workers such as paramedic, researcher, frontlines, customer services, and other biological-risk industry workforces.

Keywords: Microbiology; Compensation; SOCSO; Malaysia; Disease






The Influence of Preformist Islamic Ideology on Traditional Madrasa Design as a Sustainable Communal Development Centre in Malaysian Context
Alice Sabrina Ismail, Fadhlina Ahmad Taufik, Nurul Syaheera Abdul Aziz
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 47-60 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: Madrasa is an established religious center that serves as a place for Islamic education and catalyst for communal development. Current madrasas however, do not exhibit contemporary and locally-minded design features in reference to the regional aspects such as the local social cultural context. The true function of madrasa as an Islamic communal development center in Malaysia had been transformed overtime into an exclusive educational space which only limited to Islamic learning. The madrasa is built as a separate entity from the local communal context. The objective of this paper is to study on two traditional madrasas owned by the Reformist Islamic groups that uses different approaches in architectural design as an educational institution as well as a communal center for the Islamic society. This paper analyzes the two madrasa from direct observation and literature studies using semiotic theory under the structuralist framework paradigm. Findings indicate that factors like location and placement, size and scale, facade and structure, access and circulation as well as hierarchy and spatial function contributed to the development of madrasa as a sustainable communal center. The establishment of these referential design guidelines are of benefit to future designers, builders, developer and related authority to build a better sustainable communal type of madrasa in the future.

Keywords: traditional madrasa; sustainable communal development center, Reformist Islamic groups




Entrepreneurial Orientation, Total Quality Management, Competitive Intensity, and Performance of SMEs: A Resource-Based Approach

Kabiru Maitama Kura, Ramatu Abdulkareem Abubakar, Noor Maya Salleh

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 61-72 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Drawing upon resource-based theory, as well as contingency theory, this study examined the role of competitive intensity in moderating the relationships between entrepreneurial orientation, total quality management, and SME performance. Using a stratified random sampling, 714 self-administered questionnaires were distributed to owner‐managers of SMEs operating in Kano and Kaduna in the north-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Of the 714 questionnaires distributed, 440 unusable questionnaires with 62 percent responses were returned and further analysed. The hypotheses were tested using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). Results supported the hypothesised main effects of entrepreneurial orientation, and total quality management, on SME performance. Also, the competitive intensity was found to moderate the relationships between entrepreneurial orientation and SME performance. On the contrary, no significant interaction effect was found between total quality management and competitive intensity. The theoretical contribution of the present study lies in its use of competitive intensity as a moderator of the relationships between entrepreneurial orientation, total quality management, and SME performance.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Orientation; Total Quality Management; Competitive Intensity; Performance





Asymmetric Dividend Smoothing in Listed Industrial Goods Firms in Nigeria: Analysis Based on Growth Potentials

Nuhu Abubakar

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 73-84 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Literature on asymmetric dividend smoothing mostly focused on establishing the existence of the behavior within firms without accounting for firm characteristic variables that influence dividend smoothing. Given that firms that smooth dividend payment more tend to have low growth potentials and likely to be affected by severe agency conflict; therefore, asymmetric smoothing behavior is expected to vary according to growth potentials. In this regards, the study aims at examining the determinants of asymmetric dividend smoothing behavior after accounting for whether the behavior exists in firms with high/low growth potentials. The paper used data obtained from a sample of 9 out of 16 Industrial Goods firms listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange for the period of 11 years - 2006-2016. The model of the study was estimated using Fixed Effect Model. The findings reveal that Industrial goods firms in Nigeria smooth dividend payment and have asymmetric dividend smoothing behavior. The adjustment rate is not only asymmetric below and above their Target Pay Out Ratio (TPR) but also asymmetric below TPR for both High and Low growth potentials. However, the behavior only exists above TPR when the firms have high growth potentials. The paper concludes that firms with high growth potentials have slower adjustment rates than the ones with low growth potentials when they are below their TPR.


Keywords: Target dividend payout; asymmetric dividend smoothing; growth potentials; industrial goods firms in Nigeria







Tourist Satisfaction on Natural Environment within Islamic Built Environment Context in the Shariah Compliant Hotel in Malaysia

Norliza Mohd Isa, Nur Nawwar Binti Ahmad Farouk, Hairul Nizam Bin Ismail, Ismawi Zen

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 85-90 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: For four years in a row from 2011 to 2014, Malaysia according to Crescent Rating of Singapore has been recognized as the top destination for Muslim travelers across the globe. The recognition perceived by Malaysia Islamic Tourism Centre as an indication towards effort in Halal and Islamic value related accolades. The phenomena leading into massive demand in so called Muslim Friendly Tourism, and one of them through the hotel industry. In order to fully understood as to how the product related to demand of hotel able to sustain according to the MFT attributes, the level of acceptance and customer satisfaction has to be discovered. Within the context of Islamic Built Environment, this perspective is still at it infancy. Thus, this paper attempted to evaluate tourist acceptance and satisfaction on Natural Environment in Shariah Compliant Hotel in Malaysia as address by IBE. The adaptation of Natural Environment as one of the IBE indicators is among the most important criteria to be implemented. The appraisals were prepared through quantitative approach using questionnaire by tourist staying in the hotel and acting as respondents in selected SCH. The appraisal will be tested based on the tangible and intangible aspect within the perimeter of architectural form especially in managing the open space. As a result, the discussion anticipates either the acceptance and satisfaction on the Natural Environment in SCH in Malaysia is congruent with the IBE or it might be a contradiction with the value of Muslim Friendly Tourism (MFT). The findings expected to contribute to better understanding of stakeholder such as hotel operators as well as travel agencies towards the needs and expectation on Natural Environment and therefore, boosting Islamic tourism industries in Malaysia. 

Keywords: Islamic Built Environment; Natural Environment; Shariah Compliant Hotel; Muslim Friendly Tourism





Dynamic Pricing Strategy of Indonesia Air Cargo Carriers in the Domestic Market

Iftitah Putri Haditia, S.T., Alberto Daniel Hanani, MBA

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 91-98 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: Most of air cargo carriers in Indonesia domestic market are using single pricing strategy and not taking booking time into consideration for space pricing. It could be a challenge to optimize cargo space revenue of air cargo carriers. This paper aims to optimize cargo space revenue using dynamic pricing strategy by considering different booking time or sales period. This research conducts empirical analysis on air cargo pricing strategies for Garuda Indonesia on certain significant routes. It concludes that Garuda Indonesia generate more revenues using optimized dynamic pricing strategy than using single pricing strategy. In practice, this paper provides references for air cargo carriers in their decision making of applying the dynamic pricing strategy.    


Keywords: Revenue Management; Air Cargo Carrier; Dynamic Pricing; Single Pricing; Sales Period






The Internal Branding Practices and Employee Brand Citizenship Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Employee Brand fit

Lawi Adamu, Noor Hasmini Abd Ghani, Maria Abdul Rahman

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 99-106 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: This study integrates equity theory and social exchange theory to explore the impact of internal branding practices on employees’ brand citizenship behaviour (BCB) through the mechanism of employee-brand fit. Self-administered questionnaires were randomly distributed to 377 employees in Nigeria’s telecommunication industry. However, only 254 were found to be useful in the present study giving the response rate of 68%. The empirical results show that brand training and brand leadership have significant impact on employees’ BCB. In the same vein, significant relationship was revealed between brand leadership and employee-brand fit, but insignificant impact was established between brand training and brand fit. Moreover, it was discovered that employee-brand fit has significant impact on employees’ BCB. Employee-brand fit was found to mediate the relationship between brand leadership and employees’ BCB while it does not mediate the relationship between brand training and employees’ BCB. Practically, our study has provided the management of companies in the telecommunication industry with the importance of internal branding for employees’ outcome such as brand fit and BCB. Therefore, the management of companies in the telecommunication industry should prioritise, promote, and improve their internal branding management. Implications and directions for future study were discussed.


Keywords: internal branding, brand citizenship behavior, employee brand fit




Trihalomethane Formation Potential in Rural Drinking Water: A Case Study Project of Seven Villages - Marvdasht Fars

Ali Nasiri, Neamat Jaafarzadeh, Tayebeh Tabatabaie, Fazel Amiri, Abdulrahim Pazira

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 107-111 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Trihalomethanes have been known as carcinogen material for human by IARC. Considering the Project of seven villages drinking water is supplied from the Droodzen dam and Groundwater and water disinfection with chlorine is performed, this study was carried out to determine THM concentrations in drinking water of Project of seven villages. In this descriptive-cross-sectional research, 32 samples were taken from different points of drinking water distribution system after the villages map meshing so that covers all parts of the system in Spring and Summer seasons in 2017. The reason for these two seasons been variations in the concentration of organic substances in water resources and consequently the concentration of THMs precursors produced and the effect of temperature on the formation of THMs. Gas chromatography technic was used in with electron capture detector for analyzing samples of THM for each of four components including Chloroform, Bromodichloromethane,Dibromocholoromethane and Bromoform. The average concentration of THMs in Spring for Chloroform, Bromoform Bromodichloromethane ,Dibromocholoromethane and THMs were 22.25±7.98,11.42±3.90, 7.43±2.72 , 5.95±2.51 and 47.06±15.70 µg/Lit and in summer were 14.69±4.11,7.55±1.99, 4.93±1.51 ,3.95±1.49  and 31.13±7.97 µg/Lit, respectively. Concentration of trihalomethanes and total trihalomethanes in Project of seven villages drinking water distribution system is lower than the national and international standards and the drinking water consumers arenot at risk of exposure to trihalomethanes. 


Keywords: Trihalomethanes, Village, Distribution network, Drinking water




Removal of Cd2+ from Aqueous Solution using Eucalyptus Sawdust as a Bio-Adsorbent: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies

Behzad Shamsi Zadeh, Hossein Esmaeili, Rauf Foroutan, Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi, Seyyed Alireza Hashemi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 112-118 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Heavy metals are not dissoluble in the environment and can be dangerous for many species.  So, removal of heavy metals from the water and wastewater is an important process. In this research, eucalyptus sawdust was prepared and employed for removal of Cadmium ions from aqueous solution. For this purpose, several parameters such as pH of aqueous solution, adsorbent dosage, contact time, initial concentration of cadmium ion and mixing rate were studied. The results showed that the best conditions for the removal of Cd2+ were obtained at temperature of 30°C, mixing rate of 200 rpm, pH of 8, adsorbent dosage of 5 g/l, and initial concentration of cadmium of 200 ppm which the removal efficiency was obtained 89.3 %.  In order to study the kinetics of adsorbent, the pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order kinetic models and intra-particle diffusion model were applied. According to the correlation coefficient (R2), pseudo-second order kinetic model showed better correlation for kinetic behavior of the adsorbent. Furthermore, to study the equilibrium behavior of adsorbent, Langmuir and Freundlich models used and results showed that the Langmuir isotherm model had better matching with experimental data. So, this adsorbent can be used as natural and cheap adsorbent to remove Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions.


Keywords: Cadmium ions, Kinetic models, Isotherm models, Eucalyptus sawdust, Adsorption





Roles of Institutional Quality on the Relationship between Tourism and Economic Development in Malaysia
Hui Shan LEE, Sin Yee LEE, Wai Mun HAR
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 119-124 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: This research intends to examine the roles of institutional quality on tourism-led growth and growth-led tourism hypothesis in Malaysia in both short run and long run analysis. This study uses yearly data from 1996 to 2015 to verify whether institutional quality significantly affects the relationship between tourism and economic growth in Malaysia. It provides a comprehensive dataset by investigating all the institutional quality dimensions including control of corruption, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence in addition to the aggregate value and average value of these dimensions. The findings provide empirical supports that institutional quality such as control of corruption and government effectiveness do play important roles in the tourism and economic growth in Malaysia. In this essence, any policy planning that enhances the corruption and government effectiveness of Malaysia could promote the tourism development and economic growth in Malaysia.

Keywords: Institutional quality; tourism; economic growth; tourism-led growth; growth-led tourism.





Green Supply Chain Management Practices and Environmental Performance: A Study of Employee’s Practices in Malaysia Chemical Related Industry
Amar Hisham Jaaffar, Zeittey Karmilla Kaman
Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 125-131 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: As one of emerging and developing country, Malaysia is under pressure to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions. Companies especially those with high hazardous wastes production need to ensure that their wastes are improperly treated, stored, transported or disposed off or managed in order to minimize it impact to environment. In view of this, Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) is important in influencing the total environment impact of any companies involved in supply chain activities as well as contribute to sustainability performance enhancement. This study aims to examine the employee’s insight from Malaysia Chemical Related Industry on their firm’s green supply chain management practices and environmental performance. Based on the theoretical framework of green supply chain management practices, an empirical study of the green supply chain management practices and environmental performance was conducted. Out of the five variables of green supply chain management practices, only the legislation and regulation have positive significant relationship with environmental performance. This result shows that most employees consider that their firm’s environmental performance will be improve by complying with the legislation and regulation rather than proactively develop green supply management practices.

Keywords: Green Supply Chain Management Practices; Environmental Performance; Chemical Related Industry; Employee’s Insight; Institutional Logic




Potential of Reindustrialization of Federal Districts of the Russian Federation: Assessment Issues and Practical Results 

Ivan P. Danilov, Nataliia V. Morozova, Tatyana I. Ladykova, Inessa A. Vasileva

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 132-139 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The article analyzes the proposed index "fixed assets and investments" in the aspect of the potential of reindustrialization processes in the economic systems of the Federal districts of the Russian Federation, which allows to ensure the comparability of the used absolute and relative statistical indicators. This work is the result of a study of the theory and practice of reindustrialization aimed at improving the efficiency-cy and competitiveness of the Russian economy in the face of negative external influences. The main theoretical approaches to the study of the concept of reindustrialization and its potential, its role and importance in ensuring the economic sovereignty of the country and economic growth are considered. The reindustrialization potential was estimated on the basis of 14 indicators and normalized indices calculated on their basis. The study of the dynamics of these indicators for 2005-2017 indicates the presence of certain positive changes in this area, but the structure of fixed assets and the nature of investment processes in the Russian Federation do not allow us to conclude that the predominance of the reindustrialization vector in this sphere of social production. At the same time, the economic policy currently being implemented in the Russian Federation does not promote reindustrialization, namely the renewal of fixed assets on a qualitatively new, modernizing basis. Based on the analysis of the integral index "fixed assets and investments" it can be concluded that the distribution of Russian Federal districts this index shows a certain stability, growth, analyzed the integral index was noted in all Russian Federal districts, except Urals FD, which indicates a certain improvement in the status and dynamics of basic assets and investments in the Russian economy. The approved methodology can be used to assess the potential of reindustrialization in individual regions, the totality of all Russian regions, as well as indicative planning of regional and Federal socio-economic development.


Keywords: reindustrialization, reindustrialization potential, fixed assets, investments, Federal districts, linear scaling method, integral index, state policy of reindustrialization, dynamics of fixed assets and investments, components of the index







Philosophical and Pedagogical Aspects of Career Guidance Policy for Learners and Students

Evgenia V. Alekhina, Andrey L. Zolkin, Roman N. Parkhomenko, Aleksandr I. Pirogov, Andrey L. Safonov, Veronika S. Zapalatskaya, Olga G. Krasnoshlikova

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 140-146 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The article substantiates the main approaches to career guidance which is becoming increasingly critical for  mastering such meta-professional traits as “mobility”, “the ability to self-development”, “learning throughout one’s lifetime”,  and “the analysis and reflection of one’s professional achievements and intentions” to be competitive in the global knowledge economy. These personal traits are tightly linked with the application of new technologies, fundamental changes in the future job market, new trends in profession and the emergence of new “careers for the future/ professions of the future” associated with more complex problems and new challenges for qualified specialists. Systematicity and dialectical methods, personality-centered and competence approaches have been chosen to carry out this research. This paper presents the analysis of tendencies in career guidance policy, describes its specific in the modern socio-cultural environment. Moreover, it reveals new meanings of career guidance with focus on the image of “professions for the future”. The article also presents new forms of career guidance for learners and students, including the activity on the basis of advanced vocational training centers.


Keywords: vocational self-determination; career/vocational guidance; specific of career guidance, professions for the future, professional trials.






Study of the Strategies of Coping Behavior in Students of Psychology in the Context of Level-Based Higher Professional Education

Tamara T. Shchelina, Svetlana P. Akutina, Irina S. Begantsova, Yuri E. Bolotin, Irina N. Dvornikova, Svetlana O. Shchelina

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 147-155 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The paper presents the experience and results of studying the features of strategies of coping behavior in psychology students (undergraduate and specialist degree students) within the system of level-based higher education. The study was conducted on the material of diagnostic results of 316 students using the COPE Inventory and the proactive coping behavior inventory based on SAT self-actualization test methods. The obtained results underlie the basis for the development of programs of psychological and pedagogical assistance in correction of the students’ personal and professional development with respect to the mastered level of education and manifested features of undergraduate and specialist degree studies.


Keywords: Coping behavior strategies, adequate and inadequate strategies, professional and personal development, bachelor degree, specialist degree





Power Losses in the Engine-Transmission Installation of the Mobile Unit under Probabilistic Load Conditions

Ramazan Yusupov, Vil Yusupov

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 156-161 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The article reviewed a method for assessing the influence of a probabilistic load on the amount of energy loss in an engine-and-transmission unit (ETU) of a mobile aggregate. The method is based on the usage of a random processes theory. The random process is a sum of harmonic components with a random initial phase and constant amplitude. The image of the random process corresponds to an arcsine distribution, in which the normal distribution law is approximated by an arc sine function. A peculiarity is that the approach allows you to obtain characteristics that reflect the dependence of the energy performance of the engine-and-transmission installation on the frequency of oscillations of the rotational speed of the crankshaft of an internal combustion engine. The frequency characteristics of the mathematical expectation of the effective power of the internal combustion engine, dissipative losses in the dynamic systems of the internal combustion engine and transmission are obtained as a result of all calculations. We propose a generalized criterion to assess the energy efficiency of a mobile unit under the influence of a probabilistic load.


Keywords: Engine-and-transmission unit (ETU), Random processes theory, Internal combustion engine, Dynamic systems, Mathematical expectation





The Factors Financial Institutions Rejected Malaysian SMEs Loan Application

Raihayu Mustafa, Mohd Fazli B Mohd Sam, Albert Feisal B Ismail

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 162-166 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: SMEs companies can be considered as a back bone of national economy. Same goes to SMEs companies in Malaysia where the SMEs companies play an important role in the economic development of Malaysia. Finance is one of the important aspects for the growth of SMEs companies and has always been an obstacle for SME companies to continue growing. To date various studies have been conducted about SMEs challenges with extensive perspective and examines different factors that may be responsible for the unstable and limited growth of SMEs. Malaysian government has provided numerous schemes for training to boost up SMEs companies. Most financial institution hardly approves SMEs loan application because SMEs companies are considered risky. Besides that, most of SMEs incapable fulfill requirement asked by financial institution such as the collateral, good business banking history, the complete support document and etc. By analyzing previous literature review on the topic of SMEs challenges found that one of main challenges to Malaysian SME is accessing credit.


Keywords: SME Challenges, SME financing, Financial Institutions





What is the impact of industry 4.0 to Green Supply Chain?

Ahmad Hidayat Sutawijaya, Lenny C Nawangsari

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 167-173 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The development of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 brought consequences for increasing high response and demands for transparency from the company. The green management concept that is based on the environment helps improve the performance of the organization's environment, minimizes waste, costs efficiency and integrates thinking into the supply chain. The purpose of this study is to produce a green supply chain management framework and to know the impact of the existence of industry 4.0. This study uses an explanatory qualitative approach by collecting data through the stages of interviewing and observing the event organizers. The research object was conducted at 2 (two) management event companies in Jakarta, namely Alphabet and New Diamond Putra. The results of the research at the two event management companies, illustrate that there was a significant impact on the 4.0 industrial revolution on the implementation of green supply chains, especially in event organizers. The impact consists of new transformations directed at change and collaboration from green-based suppliers/vendors, smart event management supported by smart operational indicators, smart logistics, smart data, smart warehouses, and event decor. Delivery products that are based on creativity and innovation are needed by consumers so as to produce sustainable synergy for the company. Technology support, the internet of things and service (IoT) also fundamentally changes the outlook for different lives for companies and consumers.

Keywords: Industry 4.0, Green paradigm, Supply chain, even organization






Investigating the Activity of Antioxidants Activities Content in Apiaceae and to Study Antimicrobial and Insecticidal Activity of Antioxidant by using SPME Fiber Assembly Carboxen/​Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS)

Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi, Seyyed Alireza Hashemi, Hossein Esmaeili, Najmeh parvin, Fathemeh Mojoudi,  Mohammad Ali Fateh, Hamed Fateh, Aziz babapoor, Sargol Mazraedoost, Maryam Zarei

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 174-184 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: In present study, the antioxidant content in Apiaceae was investigated by two new methods such as hydraulic distillation (HD) and HS-SPME, and the composition of final product was recognized using gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy. So, in this research, the anti-oxidation property of the essence was examined. For this purpose, the antioxidant activity of Apiaceae and its stability was inspected in different concentrations (250, 500, 750 and 1000 ppm) using differential scanning calorimetry with oleic acid. The results showed the similarity between HD and HS-SPME, but the percentages of the compositions were different. Besides, the frequency of oxides of essence oils in HS-SPME method was higher than HD method. The experiments performed on the antioxidants activity of the herb, and the results showed that increasing the essence concentration prevents the oxidation of the oils.


Keywords: Antioxidants, Gas Chromatography, Mass spectroscopy, Scanning calorimetry, Apiaceae





Managing Innovation in Complicatedly Organized Facilities

Karina R. Nabiullina, Daria A. Bystrova, Rita A. Toriia, Natalia V. Kovaleva, Liliya V. Borisova, Irina A. Nesmeianova, Susana A. Kirakosyan

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 185-190 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The purpose of the study is to reveal the features and stages of innovation management in complicatedly organized facilities on the example of the city. The methodological basis of the study is systematic and synergetic approaches that allow considering the development of complicatedly organized facility through the management of innovative transformations. The system-based nature allows to present in detail the structure of the object in the aggregate of all connections, its synergism determines the possibility of multidimensional development of the object and their management in the conditions of not only external but also internal innovations. The essential characteristics of system-based and synergetic approaches are revealed, the set of principles of innovation management in complicatedly organized objects on the example of the city is revealed. A typology of innovation is developed, due to the need to expand the understanding of the social processes affecting the development of the city. The algorithm of innovations’ introduction of different types in the current urban planning activity is presented. The results determine new sources and ways of incorporating innovations into the existing system of urban planning, as well as the transformation of the innovation management system itself by taking into account the interests of the city's stakeholders, who form the landscape of bottom-up innovations. This will allow to outline the ways of the new component’s development and integration into the urban planning system, as well as to assess the possible consequences of the projects’ realization for each stakeholder. The contribution to the theory of innovation management of complicatedly organized facilities is made, which determines the management of the introduction of innovations’ range in urban planning.


Keywords: principles, innovation management, complicatedly organized facilities, features, system-based, synergetic.





Morphological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Immune-Stimulating Drugs in Patients with Diabetes and Removable Denture based on the Analysis of Biopsic Material Obtained from the Oral Mucosa

Sergey V. Ignatiev, Galina V. Reva, Yury Y. Pervov, Evgeny A. Kotsyurbii, Anna K. Yatsenko

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 191-196 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate morphological alterations in the parameters of the local cellular immunity of the oral mucosa (LCI OM) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and removable denture based on the analysis of the biopsic material. The study included 130 patients aged 40 to 85 years old that were split into control (n=32) and test groups. The patients were installed partial laminar denture and complete removable denture: Test group I – patients with DM (n=70); Test group II – patients with DM (n=28) that received immune-stimulating drug. The oral cavities were examined with clinical methods. The bioptates obtained from the oral mucosa were studied with morphological immunohistochemical methods using antibodies to      CD68, CD204, CD163, CD4, CD8, CD11/303, and Ki-67. The obtained data were statistically processed.  The examination was performed in 6 and 12 months after the installation of the denture.  The parameters of LCI OM in patients with DM significantly differed from the parameters in healthy patients. It was established that the installation of removable acrylic denture led to significant changes in the parameters of LCI OM. Clinical manifestations of the periodontal tissues inflammation directly depended on the duration of the application of denture and the composition of the inflammatory cells. The application of immune-stimulating drugs in patients with DM with removable denture led to qualitative and quantitative changes in the local cellular immunity that differed from similar changes in patients that did not receive immune stimulators and correlated with the intensity of clinical manifestations of periodontium tissues diseases.  


Keywords: local immune homeostasis of the oral mucosa, patients with diabetes mellitus, removable denture, immune-stimulating drug





Regulation and Digital Economy

M. Citra Ramadhan, Ramlani Lina Sinaulan, Maryano, Sri Hartati, Phong Thanh Nguyen

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 197-200 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: As focus on monopolistic behavior the advance in technology need to take in regulation. Light touch regulation has to a great extent been the mantra of the worldwide tech industry from the beginning and numerous legitimately credit it for the pace of development and advancement the business has seen. Innovation symbolizes development, development and markets while guideline spots restrains on development and symbolizes organization. Regulation and innovation are frequently acted like enemies. Be that as it may, guideline itself is an innovation. The advanced economy has been developing significantly as of late, generally because of new digital innovations that are elevating a worldwide change to industry  The resulting extension of digital exchange has started off a political and strategy contention on digital economy and web based business, where its limits stand and how best to manage it.


Keywords: Regulation, Innovation, Digital economy, Development





Digital Economy and Financial Inclusion

Yuhelson, Dodik Ariyanto, Ernawati, Fransiska Soejono, Sri Puspa Dewi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 201-203 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The digital economy is quickly creating worldwide as the biggest driver of development, rivalry, and development. Despite the fact that numerous individuals have been rejected, huge open doors are accessible for the digital economy to help budgetary incorporation for maintainable financial improvement. Financial inclusion is conveying the financial administrations to the more fragile and low salary area of society with the goal that an ever increasing number of individuals can use the financial administration. We have seen little however noteworthy advances being taken by the administration, towards computerized strengthening of the individuals.


Keywords: Digital economy, Financial inclusion, Financial administrations





International Relations of the Asia Pacific in the Age of Trump

Reza Ronaldo, Achmad Zulfikar, Saihu, Ismail, Ismail Suardi Wekke

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 204-206 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: In his first year in office, President Donald Trump broke strongly with some long-standing customs in US international strategy. Shockingly, the consideration the organization is paying to Southeast Asia has been one territory of relative congruity. Prior to the Obama organization, US governments flopped in key minutes to reliably concentrate on the area. Previous president Bill Clinton's clinical and disengaged reaction to the Asian monetary emergency in 1997–98 undermined the United States' remaining among Southeast Asian nations hit hard by the emergency. Previous secretary of state Condoleezza Rice's choice to avoid two ASEAN Regional Forum gatherings in three years underscored the George W Bush organization's distraction with the Middle East.


Keywords: Donald Trump, president, ASEAN Regional, Middle East





Tradition and Culture Tumbilotohe Community in North Sulawesi

Rosdalina Bukido, Adri Lundeto, Rukmina Gonibala

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 207-209 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: This research does not have a specific focus in one area or a place, but correlate between the Tumbilotohe tradition in North Sulawesi, as in Manado, Gorontalo and Kotamobagu which becomes interesting discussion in this article.It's just that in three areas and this tradition places a slightly different name in Manado on the call with night Light, Plug in Monuntul and Kotamobagu in Gorontalo Tumbilotohe, meaning the same, namely Night Lights pairs, each year the end of the month of Ramadan or its always celebrated traditions lit the kerosene lamps at the end of Ramadan.The results of the Studies found in the Research Community are enthusiastic in welcoming Idul Fitri which is very full with an atmosphere of worship and traditions that has become customary attached to every passing year


Keywords: Tumbilotohe Culture, the tradition of Tombilotohe, North Sulawesi





Maritime Technology and the Industrial Revolution

Andi Reni, Sarifudlin Hidayat, Gita Widi Bhawika, Elfrida Ratnawati, Phong Thanh Nguyen

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 210-213 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Maritime stands to increase much from Industry 4.0, however innovation may not be the panacea it appears for wellbeing, security and ecological issues in the business. Industry 4.0 portrays the pattern toward expanding computerization and network, including advances, for example, web of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), independent and unmanned innovation, and information examination. Innovations, for example, AI, augmented reality, IoT, AI and others are man-made, and their convenience still relies upon the individuals who configuration, produce and work them. There is a reasonable need to plan profoundly talented human capital in the marine business to work the innovations, apparatuses and frameworks that characterize Industry 4.0.


Keywords: Maritime, AI, IoT, Innovation, Industry 4.0





Market and Entrepreneurship in Digital Disruption

 Syahid Suhandi Aziz, Prety Diawati, Ririn Andriana, Mohd. Heikal, Meiyanti Widyaningrum

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 214-218 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The growth of disruption is raising over each industry, on account of an expansion in registering power, innovation selection and data sharing. These worldwide movements have made markets increasingly productive, given organizations access to a more extensive pool of ability and assets and extended challenge to a worldwide scale. The subsequent changes and weights are testing for all intents and purposes all organizations, from new companies to build up enterprises.


Keywords: Disruption, Organizations, Challenge, Changes





Security in the Age of Digital Disruption

 Moh. Gifari Sono, Kundharu Saddhono,  Agus Mailana, Andi Agung Putra, Amin Shofi'i

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 219-221 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Digital disruption is the new ordinary. Numerous applications overturned the livery business and transportation. The money related administrations industry has been reshaped by the development of robo-counselors, online banks and nontraditional contenders like Apple Pay. The ascent of distributed computing has shaken up the whole IT industry. A flood of digital transformation is planned for modernizing heritage frameworks and building new stages to stay applicable notwithstanding expanding worldwide challenge. Everything from the Internet of Things to huge information investigation and man-made brainpower, are being applied for procedure improvement and new client support choices. As these new advancements show up, so are new cybersecurity dangers, which, if not oversaw wisely, can bring about loss of income producing capacity and noteworthy notoriety harm.


Keywords: Digital disruption, business, transportation, cybersecurity





Social Media for Tourism Marketing

 Nina Siti Salmaniah Siregar, Nasrul, Yusuf, Ana Sriekaningsih, Eliyanti Agus Mokodompit

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 222-224 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Social Media life has changed the lives of individuals inside a time of its presentation. It has bit by bit taught into our day by day standard as a constant wellspring of data identified with each continuous movement, including business, innovation, current undertakings, public activity, travel, and the sky is the limit from there. Online networking has likewise extended the scope of project as now they can target purchasers sitting miles away without gathering them. Marketing has arrived at new statures with social media stages. In the changing situation of the administration business, the tourism industry supposedly receives the most consideration from clients, partners and different segments through online life. The advancement of correspondence innovation has improved social media marketing. In many country, Facebook has played a lead job as a result of its market effort and client check. Distinctive the tourism industry partners utilize this medium to grandstand their services and products


Keywords: Social media, business, tourism industry, marketing





Sustainable Development in the Age of Disruption

Heri Kusmanto, Heldy Vanni Alam, E.R Indrayatie, Kundharu Saddhono, Saprudin

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 225-227 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Social institutions and disruptions to technology will force such significant changes to the indigenous habitat and intergenerational value that they can't be neglected. Sustainable development research has moved from the edges to the standard of the executives thinks about. As business exercises break planetary limits, Sustainable development is more basic and dire than any other time in recent memory. However, the world has not stopped as the more extensive field of the executives studies mulls over the significance of reasonable improvement. Real propels in digital advancements and the disintegration of social foundations has made an ideal tempest, with the goal that sustainable development might be a considerably progressively slippery perfect.


Keywords: Disruptions, Social institutions, Sustainable development, Improvement, Digital





The Role of the Creative Industry in Economic Development

Wifl Ihani, Heppi Syofya, Avid Leonardo Sari, Widyatmike Gede Mulawarman, Sriyanto Sriyanto

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 228-231 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: For the growth of economic it can consider as the driver to creative industries and culture industries. For the development of particular region from last decade, it tries to link the large intensity of these industries with the research. The term creative economy includes publishing arts, design, audio-visual products, new media, performing arts and visual arts. In term of export earnings, job creation and income generation it is not only the factor of growth of world economy but it is also very transformative.


Keywords: Economic, Creative industries, Growth, Arts, Income generation





Free Trade of New Protectionism

Rizkan Zulyadi, Heppi Syofya, Liza Shahnaz, Phong Thanh Nguyen, K. Shankar

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 232-234 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: Trade protection is the intentional endeavor to constrain imports or advance fares by setting up boundaries to trade. Notwithstanding the contentions with the expectation of free trade and expanding exchange receptiveness, protectionism is still broadly drilled. Protectionism is the monetary strategy of confining imports from different nations through strategies, for example, levies on imported products, import portions, and an assortment of other government guidelines. Advocates guarantee that protectionist arrangements shield the makers, organizations, and laborers of the import-contending area in the nation from outside contenders. Be that as it may, they additionally lessen exchange and unfavorably influence purchasers as a rule (by raising the expense of imported merchandise), and damage the makers and laborers in fare divisions, both in the nation actualizing protectionist approaches and in the nations ensured against.

Keywords: Trade protection, Protectionism, Import





Meta-Educational Design as a Technology of Professional Development of Teachers

Irina Y. Burkhanova, Mariyash E. Akmambetova, Elena A. Saveleva-Rath, Svetlana S. Ivanova, Anastasia V. Stafeeva, Nikolay B. Vorobyov, Ekaterina V. Ignatyeva

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 235-240 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: This article discusses the problem of technological support for the professional development of specialists in the field of physical education and sports, which is especially acute in modern society, where social requirements for them are becoming stricter and adamant, and the conditions for the manifestation of pedagogical creativity are significantly reduced due to the introduction of multilateral normative regulation of the teacher and trainer. In these conditions it is difficult for a specialist to choose a vector and methods for realizing his own potential in his professional activity. Physical education teachers working in the framework of institutions of additional education for children are considered in the article as the illustration of this problem. The goal is to analyze the content-technological and organizational support for the professional development of a physical education teacher in an educational organization to identify a set of pedagogical conditions that increase the efficiency of this process. The article presents the results of an author's study of the dynamics of professional development of teachers in the field of physical education using meta-educational design technology. The stages and mechanisms of this process are described. The materials can be used to organize the formation of professional competence and professional development of secondary vocational, higher and additional professional education in the field of physical education and sports, as well as adaptive physical education and adaptive sports.


Keywords: Self-development, Meta-educational design, The need for self-realization mechanisms and stages of its formation





Psychological Factors Influencing Social Adaptation of First-Year Students to the Conditions of University

Elena A. Vasilenko, Anfisa V. Vorozheykina, Ekaterina V. Gnatyshina, Tatyana V. Zhabakova, Liya R. Salavatulina

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 248-256 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: In recent years, interest in the problems associated with the social adaptation of students to the conditions of university is growing in the scientific literature. The influence of some psychological factors on the success of adaptation of first-year students has been investigated. The study aims at presenting the comprehensive analysis of psychological factors influenced on the adaptability of first-year students to the conditions of university. The study was conducted in the South Ural State Humanitarian and Pedagogical University. 142 first-year students took part in it. The following methods were used: progress analysis, sociometry, the questionnaire “Adaptation of university students”, the self-assessment of emotional states, the questionnaire of temperament structure, the sixteen personality factor questionnaire by R. Cattell, and the questionnaire “Adaptive behavior strategies”. The main method of processing the results of the study is the multiple regression analysis. The regression model accounts for the different rates of adaptability from 41% to 59% of the variance. As a result of the study, the psychological factors that affect virtually all the indicators of adaptability have been identified. These include the level of development of conceptual thinking, the formation of educational and cognitive motives, attitudes toward parents, satisfaction with relationships with teachers. In addition, factors that influence the success of adaptation to different spheres of life of students are revealed. To adapt to the educational activity, introversion, sensitivity, high intelligence, skills of educational activity, motives of creative self-realization are more important. Extraversion, plasticity of the nervous system, expressiveness, social courage, calmness, and communicative motives are more important for adaptation to the study group. The adaptability to the internal criterion (subjective well-being) is most affected by satisfaction with living conditions.


Keywords: Adaptation, Social adaptation, Stress, Psychological factors of adaptation, Intellectual willingness to learn, Motivation of teaching






Local-Group Behavior of the Business Community and the Institutional Environment of the Region

Andrey G. Tutygin, Lyudmila A. Chizhova

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 257-265 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The paper analyzes the problems of local-group behavior of business agents in the institutional environment of the region. As a research hypothesis, it is assumed that local groups of economic agents often form independent attitudes beyond the general trends of institutional nature, reacting to them in the mode of reflection. The study was carried out using the methods of historical, logical, structural analysis, system approach, organizational and mathematical models.  The article considers the existing approaches to the concept of institutional environments of business, institutions, their functions and limitations, and establishes a fundamental difference between the external and institutional environments. Various issues related to the quality of institutions and factors of their impact on the business community of the region are discussed, in particular, the influence of these factors on the manifestations of competition and the shadow economy is noted. The main part of the study is devoted to the formation of local business communities, their interaction in the existing institutional conditions and constraints, as well as their identification in various systems of indicators. It is proposed to consider the individual groups of business agents localized on certain characteristics and criteria as “business populations”, the behavior of which is formed both at individual and group levels. At the same time, the problem of similarity of agents belonging to certain local groups is required to address by a model approach based on the use of different metrics and population classifications. The proposed approach is illustrated by a virtual example. As a result of creating an institutional graph, a second-level model for horizontal network cooperation for local groups of business agents can be developed in the future. The authors come to the reasoned opinion that local-group entrepreneurial behavior has independent categorical features, spiral character of development in the institutional environment and does not copy both the general trend of development of the whole community and the individual behavior of business agents. However, the latter has a certain influence on the formation of local groups’ behavior in the current conditions of institutional constraints.


Keywords: Regional business community, institutional environment, business agents, local groups, behavior modeling







Axiological Guidelines of Civil Education in Modern Russia

Leonid V. Baltovskij, Vladimir G. Belous, Anna I. Abalian, Ivan V. Radikov

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 266-271 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Education, as the most important kind of social activity, changes the cultural image and consciousness of a person. This is the way the political function of education is realized. Education is designed to form a stable relationship of the individual with the society and is, therefore, the most important means of communication. In this article, the authors analyzethe political aspects of education in general and civil education, in particular. The authors focus their attention on the potential of civil education for the formation of self-consciousness of the 21st century in the modern Russia. The product of this self-consciousness is a new identity that is viewed as a result of the construction of social values and their interiorization in the individual consciousness. In the analysis of the political aspects of education in contemporary Russia, the following conclusions are drawn. The fundamental basis of civil education is statehood. Statehood is understood by the authors as a functional dependence of public consciousness on existing political institutions and norms, as well as the influence of the consciousness on institutional changes. The main targets of civil education are: loyalty, civic consciousness, patriotism. Loyalty involves the conscious recognition of the common rules by the individual. Civic consciousness is a specific way of communication between the individual and authorities, society and the state, in which all participants of the political process are institutionally equal. Patriotism implies meaningful behavior, which is based on the continuity of culture and the preservation of the historical tradition, personal responsibility for the fate of the fatherland. The article is intended to give a broad audience of foreign readers specific ideas about the problems of civil education in modern Russia, its tasks and prospects.


Keywords: Civil education, Civic education, Statehood, Loyalty, Civic consciousness, Patriotism, Self-consciousness, Identity





CFD Modeling of Polypropylene Fluidized Bed Reactor

Hossein Esmaeili, Salar Azizi, Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi, Seyyed Alireza Hashemi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 272-283 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Poly propylene is one of the famous polymers with great application. In this study, CFD model on dynamics of the fluidized bed polyethylene production process has been investigated. A detailed CFD model for sticky poly propylene fluidized bed was formulated in this work. As a result, detailed information on the PSD and hydrodynamic fields of the gas and solid phases can be obtained from the simulations. Defluidization due to particle aggregation also can be simulated. For modeling plant-scale poly propylene reactors, a chemical look-up table should be used to solve efficiently the solid species equations. In order to address all the issues in FB polymerization, models for simplified polymerization kinetics, polydisperse multiphase flow, and mass and heat transfer between the gas and solid particles are combined together. As a result, physically aggregation because of a tactic polypropylene is more important than other aggregation reasons.  Finally, as mentioned earlier, after DQMOM is applied to the multi-fluid CFD model, new terms accounting for the effect of aggregation and breakage need to be added on the right-hand sides of the solid-phase momentum, energy, and species equations.


Keywords: Polypropylene, Reactor, Fluidized bed, Kinetic theory, CFD





Green Synthesis and Characterization of Biocompatible Silver Nanoparticles using Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. Extract and Their Antimicrobial Performance Study

Abbas Zakeri Bazmandeh, Arash Rezaei, Hamid Reza Ghaderi Jafarbigloo, Amir Mohammad Akbari Javar, Ali Hassanzadeh, Armin Amirian, Mohamad Hadi Niakan, Hossein Hosseini Nave and Mohsen Mehrabi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 284-290 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Green synthesis of nanoparticles has received extensive attention in the field of nanomedicine as a simple, environment-friendly and cost-effective alternative in comparison with other physical and chemical methods. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are playing an important role in the field of nanomedicine and nanotechnology due to their unique and controllable characteristics. In this research, a biosynthesis approach was used for synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Biosynthesis was carried out by Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. extract as green reducing agent for conversion of Ag+ to Ag0. The first visible sign of the synthesis of AgNPs was the change in color of solution from yellowish to reddish brown. The preparation of AgNPs was performed using several techniques such as, UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Finally, synthesized AgNPs were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against four standard bacterial strains using microbroth dilution method. Results of TEM image showed spherical nanoparticles with high crystalline and monodispersity which is very important in medicinal applications. Additionally, DLS analysis demonstrated the ultra-fine size of AgNPs with average size of 164.8 nm. FTIR indicated the role of different functional groups (carboxyl, amine and hydroxyl) in the formation of Silver nanoparticles. A negative zeta potential value of -17.3 mV determined the stability of the silver nanoparticles. AgNPs showed good antimicrobial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, with MICs of 4 to 16 μg mL. In conclusion, the results imply that the synthesized nanoparticles using green nanotechnology could be an ideal strategy to combat multi-drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria.


Keywords: Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl; Silver nanoparticle; Green synthesis; Antimicrobial performance





Agreement-Based Regulation of Joint Activities in Energy and Transport Industries

Sergey Yu. Morozov, Diana S. Fedotova

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 291-298 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The relation of transport and energy industry is not always taken into account in the legal regulation of emerging social relations. Unfortunately, there is currently no systematic legal regulation of transport and energy industry relations, as well as no scientific research on this issue. It is mainly due to the fact that both bachelor's and master's programs study two different disciplines "Transport law" and "Energy law". Or worse, the educational program does not provide for such disciplines. Agreements on joint activities are one of those unifying bases that can be form integration of regulatory material in the studied fields. The research focuses on forming a scientific image of joint activities agreements used in the transport and energy industries. Methods The research involved system approach, comparison, description, and interpretation, as well as theoretical methods of formal and dialectical types of logic. The specific scientific methods included the comparative legal method and interpretation of legal norms, and legal modeling. Results This work outlines the range of agreements on joint activities in the transport and energy sectors and make up a single integrative system. The study reveals the common features of these agreements that give them the proper legal qualification. The legal nature of the code-sharing agreement is defined, its independence is proved. The work involved the separation of this agreement from other types of civil law agreements. This paper is written in a separate co-authorship. Introduction and the first part deal with the common characteristics of the agreements on joint activities in energy and transport industries and are written by S. Yu. Morozov. The second part on the interaction of carriers under the terms of the code-sharing agreement is written by Fedotova D. S.


Keywords: Agreements on joint activities; Agreements between transport organizations; Organizations in energy industry, Simple partnership, Code-sharing






Aspects of Environmental Pollutants on Male Fertility and Sperm Parameters

Zohre Nateghian, Elham Aliabadi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 299-309 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Air pollution has considerable interest because it has multiple adverse effects on human health and the male reproductive system seems to be sensitive. For male fertility, environmental pollutants are vital owing to effects on semen quality. Male infertility is increasing in industrial countries with high air pollution. This review aims to investigate the effect of air pollution on fertility in humans based on available signs.   Genetic and epigenetic alterations effect on the failure of male gamete. In this paper, we reviewed the major impacts of air pollutants on male infertility as well as the role of sperm DNA damage and epigenetic changes in male gamete. The DNA molecule and epigenetic changes, transmitted to future generations, can be altered and induced, respectively by some pollutants. A good knowledge on the effects of air contaminants on the molecular mechanisms leading to infertility is helpful for clinicians to identify the cause of infertility.


Keywords: Environmental Pollutants, Male Fertility, Sperm Parameters





Biotreatment of Point-Sourced Effluent Discharged into Aquatic Ecosystems in Yenagoa Metropolis, Nigeria

Tariwari C. N Angaye, Egbegi Ekiemo Mathew and Youkparigha, F. Okponanabofa

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 310-313 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: River systems have become vital resources that conserve and sustain aquatic biodiversity. No aquatic ecosystem is pristine and preserved from anthropogenic agents, especially point-sourced effluent and urban runoff. Prior to the bioassay, untreated point-source effluent was analysed for some physicochemical and heavy metal parameters. The biotreatment involved the use of ripe and unripe plantain peels for a period of 4 weeks, at an interval of 1 week. Results showed significant (P<0.01) improvement in physicochemical parameters and heavy metal concentrations of the effluent after 4 weeks of treatment. Comparatively, the ripe plantain treatment had more efficacy than the unripe treatment (P<0.01).


Keywords: Biotreatment, Effluent, Aquatic ecosystem, Heavy metals





Cognitive-Informative Conditions for the Development of Communicative Competence of Preschool Teachers

 Victoria Sergeevna Vasilyeva, Elena Yurievna Nikitina, Lilia Aleksandrovna Druginina, Larisa Borisovna Osipova, Vorozheykina Anfisa Vyacheslavovna

 Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 314-318 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The article discusses cognitive-substantive conditions, which, along with the process and technological ones, constitute a set of organizational and pedagogical conditions necessary and sufficient to implement the concept of developing the communicative competence of preschool teachers.


Keywords: Communicative competence, communicative competence of preschool teachers; Holistic methodological environment of the preschool educational institution; Organizational and pedagogical conditions; Cognitive-substantive conditions; Process and technological conditions






Legal Culture of Soviet Kazakhstan

Bakirova Aigul Muratovna, Serikbayeva Saule Serikbayevna

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 319-322 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The article discusses the history of the formation of the legal culture of Kazakhstan in the Soviet period. The article illustrates both the progressiveness of the reform as well as the consequences of the introduced innovations for Kazakhstan. In general, there is noted a positive role of Soviet transformations in the formation of the legal culture of Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. One of the positive factors is the abolition of some of the traditional institutions of Kazakh customary law, improvement of the social status of women and formation of a new Soviet concept of citizen rights.


Keywords: Kalym, Kun, Barymta, Levirate marriage, Polygamy, Court of biys, Aksakal courts, Provincial courts, Nomadic form of development





Pollutant Emissions, Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: An Empirical Review from 2015-2019

Ali Umar Ahmad, Suraya Ismail, Inuwa Mukhtar Ahmad, Ibrahim Mohammed Adamu, Aminu Hassan Jakada, Ibrahim Sambo Farouq, Umar Aliyu Mustapha, Umar Abdul'Aziz Muhammad, Ahmad Tijjani Abdullahi, Aminu Muhammad Fagge, Ismail Aliyu Danmaraya, Abubakar Atiku Mohammed, Uzairu Muhammad Gwadabe, Nuraddeen Umar Sambo, Garba Ibrahim

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 323-335 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The recent global turn on to more effective and systematic action to reduce pollution in the context of greenhouse gases (GHGs) (primarily considered to be responsible for global warming and its related adverse effects) has led to severe discussions among various institutions, organizations and scholars from developing and developed nations in respect to the potential impacts of these efforts. This research offers a review of research on the impact of Renewable Energy used and Pollutant Emissions on Sub-Saharan African countries' economic growth. Besides, the researchers reviewed 50 articles published between 2015 and 2019 in Scopus Journals. The papers are carefully evaluated based on the comprehensive recurring variables like the theoretical point of view, the economic conditions, and the analytical perspective. Nevertheless, the empirical study showed that Renewable Energy Use, Pollutant Emissions, recorded a significant impact on economic growth. Consequently, the findings of the reviewed studies have suggested an economic growth model that can direct sub-Saharan African nations to understand better and improve the Renewable Energy Use and Pollutant Emissions at their reach regarding viable economic development provisions. A proposed model is recommended for the analysis that is best suited for economic growth.


Keywords: Pollutant Emissions, Renewable Energy Consumption, Economic Growth





Removal Pharmaceutical Pollutants by Adsorption Competitive using Powdered Activated Carbon CAP (F400)

Abdelkarim Mellah, Djamila Harik

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 336-345 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The aim of this study is to assess the competitive adsorption of two pharmaceutical products, phenobarbital and ibuprofen using powdered activated carbon (PAC) F400. The adsorption tests were carried out in batch experiments. The kinetic adsorption results showed that the PAC adsorbs good lipophilic ibuprofen with an adsorption capacity reaching 101.46 mg g–1 against 63.46 mg g–1 of phenobarbital. The adsorption capacity was negatively influenced by the presence of both adsorbates compared to their individual adsorption onto PAC. logkow, pKa values, and molecular weights played a crucial role on the adsorption capacities of the target compounds onto PAC. The results obtained show that the adsorption of both pharmaceuticals follows a pseudo-second order model through a complex process including connecting layer and intra-particle diffusion in micropores. According to the results, the isotherm models of Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin fit well the experimental data for each selected pharmaceuticals. The bT values show that the competitive adsorption process of each pharmaceutical is a physisorption without formation of links.


Keywords: Adsorption; Phenobarbital; Ibuprofen; PAC, Kinetics; Isotherms






Modeling of Groundwater Quality for Drinking and Agricultural Purpose: A Case Study in Kahorestan plain

Marjan Salari, Maryam HosseiniKheirabad, Majid Ehteshami, Sayedeh Niloufar Moaddeli and Ehsan Teymouri

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 346-352 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: In the current study, planning for optimal utilization of groundwater resources is described. Kahorestan plain in Hormozgan province was the study zone. Since the main problem of the plain is high salinity of groundwater, chloride concentration was examined as an indicator of salt and also water quality degradations. This decision was made due to its high solubility, poor absorption, and stability of the compounds in the groundwater. A quality model was developed using software coding of visual mudflow to identify the problem. The collected chloride data of Kahorestan water wells were processed as an input in MT3D software from 2007 to 2011. Longitudinal and transverse diffusion coefficients were calibrated and the distribution of contaminants in the Kahorestan aquifer was analyzed. The mathematical model was developed to predict and simulate groundwater quality by October-2014. According to a developed qualitative model, the average concentration of chloride in groundwater was increased due to the need for more withdraw about a 5% increase in some parts of the northwest plains. Besides, the plain faces with a growth rate of chloride concentration about 3% compared to the initial situation in October-2011. Furthermore, to reduce the salinity, management schemes and plans were presented to reform water-use patterns, especially in the agricultural sectors.


Keywords: Groundwater, Salt, Chloride, Mathematical Modeling, Visual Mudflow





Detection of Hydrothermal Alteration Zones using Image Processing Techniques, Chahr Gonbad, Iran  

Abbas Ali Nouri, Rasoul Sharifi Najafabadi, Mohammad Ali Nezammahalleh

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 353-363 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Use of satellite images to detect hydrothermal alteration zones can be helpful for efficient mineral explorations. Remote Sensing (RS) techniques make it possible to save cost and time for accurate primary explorations. The purpose of this research is to use the image processing techniques to detect porphyry copper minerals through the index of hydrothermal alteration mapping in Chahr Gonbad, Sirjan, Iran. We have obtained Landsat imagery data of Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) and Operational Land Imager (OLI) for the analysis. For enhancement and detection of the alteration zones, we have applied useful RS methods including image difference and band color composite, band ratios, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Crosta, and Matched Filtered. The results discovered argillite and propylitic alteration zones through iron-oxide and hydroxyl minerals in the study area. The image processing has revealed that the detected alteration minerals have relation with mineralization of porphyry copper. The zones are mainly developed in a northwest-southeast orientation and mostly concentrated in center and south of the Chahr Gonbad.   


Keywords: Porphyry copper, Band ratio, PCA, Crosta, hydrothermal alteration mapping, Chahr Gonbad 





Exploring of Offshore Medical Emergency Response System Challenges in Oil and Gas Environment

Ahmad Sufian Bin Huzaini, Roslina Mohammad and Zuritah A.Kadir

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 364-373 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: This paper explored the challenges present in the offshore medical emergency response (MER) system from the perspective of offshore medics by reflecting on their experiences in handling delays in emergency medical evacuation cases. We conducted qualitative interviews using the critical incident technique method. The participants recruited using the purposive sampling method comprise of 8 experienced offshore medics working on various types of oil and gas offshore facilities across the Malaysian Offshore. Data analysis was performed using qualitative content analysis. The in-depth individual interviews have resulted in the identification of 114 critical incidents for analysis.  Seven themes emerged on MER system challenges including communication, decision making, facility layout, logistics problems, offshore medic responds, SOP and protocols as well as weather conditions. Decision-making was found to be one of the major challenges. The results suggest that the MER system needs to be revised in its current practice and we have proposed revisions to the industrial guidelines on response time tiers. This study has added a new understanding on the challenges found in the MER system from a different perspective.


Keywords: Abrasive blasting, Control measures, HIRARC, Pressure vessel fabrication plant, Risk assessment




Investigation of Meteorological Drought Indices for Environmental Assessment of Yesilirmak Region

Alyar Boustani, Asli Ulke

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 374-381 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Generally, as drought, inadequate rainfall means; the concept of drought is not just about reducing rainfall. When years of humidity in an area are lower than average, this is caused by the disruption of our balance between rainfall and evapotranspiration. The reason for droughts is not always the same. It is also difficult to estimate the start and end of the drought. Drought, a mysterious pest, has emerged mysteriously, showing its effects slowly and it goes on for a long time. In this study, drought analysis of the Yesilirmak River basin area in the Black Sea region between 1970 and 2014 was performed. Initially to conduct research, meteorological stations in the basin area that had been collecting data for a long time were investigated, required hydro meteorological data have been obtained from the Meteorological Office which is calculated accurately based on meteorological drought values. Rainfall and drought performance have been investigated with different indices. In this study, monthly precipitation data for inland basin stations, with 7 different meteorological drought indices (PN, DI, RAI, ZSI, CZI, MCZI and SPI) on 7 time scales 1,3,6,12,24,36 and 48 are used and so there is a comparison between drought indices and time periods and all droughts were also recorded during the study period. Finally, the 12-month SPI index was selected as the best index and time scale for the basin and the drought maps for the area were extracted using the SPI index results.


Keywords: Yesilirmak River Basin, Drought Indices, Meteorological Drought, GIS drought map




Environmental Management Best-Practice & Strategies within the Institutional Context: The Case of United Arab Emirates

Ahmed Zain Elabdin Ahmed

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 382-389 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Environmental management is the processes, strategies and procedures that regulate the way organizations achieve their goals by mitigating negative environmental impacts, utilizing resources efficiently, rising resource consumption. The weak system of environmental management (EM) may lead to dangerous emissions, which indeed has many and wide-ranging consequences. The exploitation of natural resources and various economic sector growth harm the environmental system of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This research intends to examine the best practices and approaches used by the UAE government to address the problem of economic growth and protection of the environment in the institutional context.  It also explores EM's strategic perspective in the UAE and how the Communities of practice (COPs) view the EM, whether it occurs in the UAE community, strategies policies, programs funding opportunities. And if informal/formal support for engagement activities underlines the ability to develop a strong community engagement program. Data have been gathered through a questionnaire from COPs, formal and informal social networks and expertise who have similar work-related activities and interests in environmental management.


Keywords: UAE, Environmental Management, Community Engagement Program




Membrane Separation for Recovery of Umami Compounds: Review of Current and Recently Developed Membranes

Purwayantie S, Sediawan W.B

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 390-402 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The goal of this review was to determine the right membrane materials that were the current test to recovery of umami compounds as guidance for the future. Despite the fact that umami characteristic can influence effect too, the right membrane materials are still needed to understand to avoid increase resulting in fouling during membrane processes or better control of membrane fouling. The results from this study showed for the last 20 years of 18 articles suggested that the major of membrane materials to separate umami compounds which are in hydrolyzed of protein or peptides or as a free amino acid such as glutamic, aspartic or glycine still used conventional pressure-driven filtration membrane. The membrane materials were used such as PES, polyamide and cellulose acetate. We discuss the three membrane materials. The study concludes that membrane materials such as thin-film composite polyamide (PA-TFC) have been promising to the recovery of umami compounds.


Keywords: Umami, Membrane materials, PES, Polyamide, CA




Energy Consumption, Energy Price, Energy Intensity Environmental Degradation, and Economic Growth Nexus in African OPEC Countries: Evidence from Simultaneous Equations Models

Umar Muhammad Dabachi, Suraya Mahmood, Ali Umar Ahmad, Suraya Ismail, Ibrahim Sambo Farouq, Aminu Hassan Jakada, Umar Aliyu Mustapha, Ahmad Tijjani Abdullahi, Abubakar Atiku Muhammad, Kamalu Kabiru

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 403-409 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: This paper investigated the causal relationships among environmental degradation, energy consumption, energy price, energy intensity, and economic growth using simultaneous-equations models with panel data of OPEC African countries from 1970 through 2018. The study used second-generation techniques to analyse the stationarity and co-integration relationship among the variables. The empirical results of the research showed that there exists a bidirectional causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth; and energy prices and economic growth; and environmental degradation and economic growth. Moreover, the result revealed a unidirectional causal relationship running from economic growth to energy intensity. Nevertheless, the findings show a unidirectional causality from energy consumption to energy intensity with no effect of feedback, and there exists a bidirectional causal relationship between energy prices and energy intensity; between environmental degradation and energy intensity; and between environmental degradation and energy prices for all OPEC African countries. The study recommended that energy policies should identify the dissimilarities in the causal linkages between economic growth and energy consumption to retain sustainable energy consumption in OPEC African countries.


Keywords: Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, Energy Intensity, Energy Price, Simultaneous-Equations Models




Line Load Analysis of Live Load Models for Short to Medium Span Lengths Bridges in Pakistan

Ateeq Ur Rehman, Kamran Ahmed

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 410-418 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: In bridge designing the live loads plays an important role. Most of the developed countries have their own code for highway bridges design specification while the other countries adopt certain renowned design codes but with certain additions to meet their demands. In Pakistan, two different codes are followed for designing of bridges i-e American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials and West Pakistan Code of Practice for Highway Bridge. But both of these codes live load models are not representative of the present truck traffic situation in Pakistan. For this research study, the MULLA MANSOOR weighing station was selected which is located on Grand Trunk road of Pakistan. This paper aim is to study the statistical analysis of weigh in motion data and comparative analysis of short to medium span length typical I girder bridges i-e 10m to 50m with 5m increment. This will help in comparing the live load effects with the actual truck traffic data for proposing a new live load model in Pakistan. The method applied for achieving the objectives is based on Line load analysis i-e Load Resistance Factor Design Equations spreadsheet for bridges design in Pakistan for developing the Live load model and modification in codes.


Keywords: AASHTO LRFD, Actual truck traffic data, Live load model, WIM, WPCPHB





A Study of Customer Satisfaction with Planning Movement of Goods during Disaster Aid Programs: A Case Study of Flood Hit in Segamat, Johor

Jimisiah Bt Jaafar, Afzan Najieha Binti Ishak, Sallaudin Bin Hassan, Khairul Firdaus Bin Adrutdin, Muhammad Imran Qureshi 

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 419-428 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Segamat is one of the districts, which has been commonly affected by floods during the north-east monsoon that has been estimated to happen in November to March. A flood that happened at Segamat destroyed property, livestock, crops, and infrastructure. It also threatened the people's life. National Security Council (NSC) is responsible for managing the natural disaster that affected the country. Moreover, NSC is responsible for coordinating the National Disaster management, establishing and ensuring all respective policies and implementing disaster management in each level. Therefore, this research conducted a survey to study the level of satisfaction of floods victims with the disaster aid programs. Thus, a descriptive analysis has been used in the research. Sample size of the research included 367 respondents. Data have been analyzed by SPSS; a comprehensive software for data analysis. In addition, factors affecting the customer satisfaction during disaster aid programs have been identified in the research using the factor analysis. Then, the relationship between the movement of goods and the customer satisfaction during the disaster relief programs has been examined by, correlation coefficient. Findings of the research proved lower satisfaction level of customer with disaster aid programs. Moreover, for factor analysis, three factor has been extracted from six factor. It has been also found that there have been a significant relationship between planning movement of goods and customer satisfaction. Thus, it is recommended to improve comfort ability and management of delivering aid in order to promote management of disaster programs.


Keywords:  Customer Satisfaction, Disaster, Flood, Management, Planning, Victims





Intellectual Capital as Key Asset in Iranian Automotive Industry

Ahmad Masoomzadeh, Wan Normeza Wan Zakaria, Maslin Masrom, Tayebeh Khademi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 419-428 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The importance of organisational innovation has received much attention in academic and industrial literature over the years. The ability to innovate in products, services and process is a vital key in generating and sustaining competitive advantage in an increasingly crowded and complex marketplace. The present study is mainly aimed at examining the effects of intellectual capital on the performance quality of Iranian auto part manufacturing companies. To this end, this study adopted the quantitative research approach together with the survey technique in order to collect required data from a total of 275 Iranian auto part manufacturing companies. The data gathered were subjected to analysis with the use of the structural equation modelling (SEM) on the basis of the Partial Least Squares (PLS) technique. According to obtained empirical results, intellectual capital significantly affects the organisational performance and the organisational innovation capability has a great impact on infusion of the independent factors significance. The resource-based theory can be relevantly applied to the Iranian manufacturing context; it can be also improved by various dimensions of innovation capability. From a practical perspective, Iranian auto part manufacturing companies need to be further engaged in the enhancement of their own innovation capabilities.


Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Innovation Capability, Automotive Industry, Iran





Reducing Urban Runoff Pollution Using Porous Concrete Containing Mineral Adsorbents

Ehsan Teymouri, Sayed-Farhad Mousavi, Hojat Karami, Saeed Farzin and Maryam Hosseini Kheirabad 

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 429-436 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Porous concrete has been used in sidewalks and surface pavements since the last decade for management of urban runoffs. Porous concrete is considered valuable for its hydraulic conductivity, adsorption capacity for pollutants, reduction of turbidity and contaminants, especially heavy metals. The present research examines the effect of adding minerals such as zeolite (Z), perlite (Pe), pumice (Pu) and LECA (L), which are able to adsorb pollutants, at different percentages (0, 5,10 and 15%) and fine-grains (0, 10 and 20%) to porous concrete blocks to evaluate its mechanical characteristics such as compressive strength, permeability and porosity and the ability to improve runoff quality (EC, TDS, NaCl, COD, BOD and turbidity). Results showed that adding fine-grains improved runoff quality and enhanced compressive strength, but led to lower permeability and porosity. All adsorbents enhanced the quality of runoff and the increase was prominent at higher percentages of additives. Porous concrete had little effect on reducing EC, TDS and NaCl contents. The best results belonged to samples containing zeolite and LECA. The L15-0, Z15-10 and L15-20 treatments (containing 0, 10 and 20% fine-grains and 15% adsorbent) had the highest pollution reduction and improved the TSS (75.8, 79.1 and 84.6%), COD (87.1, 82.6 and 89.3%) and BOD (88.1, 87.3 and 90.7%).


Keywords: Porous Concrete; Zeolite; Perlite; Pumice; LECA; Mechanical characteristics; Runoff quality





Environmental Sciences Students' Achievements via Conventional and Technology-Based Instructions

Shirin Shafiei Ebrahimi

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 437-441 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: This study is about the roles of instruction through technologies on the students’ academic performance in Environmental Sciences subject. Totally, 60 sophomore of a Malaysian public university were selected based on convenience sampling. For data collection, students with close pre-test scores were chosen to be in the same group. For data analysis, SPSS assisted to calculate the mean, standard deviation and independent sample t-test. Based on statistical analysis, technology-based instruction affects students’ academic achievement positively and they find it more effective in teaching Environmental Sciences compared to conventional approaches. It is highly suggested that teachers put more efforts into teaching by means of technologies to Environmental Science students to help them improve their academic success.


Keywords: Environmental Science, Conventional Instruction, Technology-Based Instruction, Academic Achievement





Effective Parameters in the Green Synthesis of Zero-valent Iron Nanoparticles as a Fenton-like Catalyst

Seyedeh-Masoumeh Taghizadeh, Alireza Zare-Hoseinabadi, Aydin Berenjian, Younes Ghasemi, and Alireza Ebrahiminezhad 

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 442-447 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Nowadays, utilization of new and sustainable techniques for the synthesis of INPs are increasing significantly. Common nettle (Urtica dioica) or stinging nettle is an herbaceous perennial flowering plant with a significant reduction potential. Leaf extract of this plant can reduce iron ions to zero-valent INPs. Like all chemical and biochemical reactions, reaction conditions have an immense effect on the process. In this experiment, impacts of different process parameters such as FeCl3 concentration, leaf extract quantity, reaction temperature, and reaction time on the biosynthesis of INPs were evaluated. FeCl3 concentration, quantity of the leaf extract, and reaction temperature were identified as effective factors. But, reaction time has not any significant impact. INPs were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray diffractometer. Particles were spherical and oval in shape and were measured to be 21–71 nm with mean particle size of 46 nm. TEM illustrated that the zero-valent iron (ZVI) nanoparticles had mostly a spherical shape with 46 nm of mean diameter. The particles tend to form irregular clusters with phytochemicals from leaf extract and form macrostructures in the range of 117–605 nm. Prepared nanostructures are a promising catalyst in Fenton reactions and can degrade Methyl orange dye with about 70 percent efficiency in 5 h.


Keywords: Bioreduction; Biosynthesis; Common nettle; Fe nanoparticles; Plant mediated synthesis; Urtica dioica





Phytoremediation Potential of Hymenachne acutigluma in Removal of Nitrogen and Phosphorus from Catfish Pond Water  

Le Diem Kieu1, Pham Quoc Nguyen, Hans Brix, Ngo Thuy Diem Trang

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 448-454 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: The study assessed the growth and nutrient uptake capacity of Hymenachne acutigluma (Steud.) Gillilland by cultivating plants in striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) pond water for 42 days. The experiment simulated varying degrees of nutrient enhancement by using fish pond effluent enriched with three levels of nitrogen (N) (2.1, 4.3 and 8.6 mmol/l) and three concentrations levels of phosphorus (P) (0.16, 0.32 and 0.64 mmol/l) using NH4NO3 and KH2PO4, respectively. The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design with four replications. Raw striped catfish pond water was served as background growth solution which was spiked with NH4NO3 (as a N source) and KH2PO4 (as a P source) and was renewed weekly. Nitrogen supply significantly affected most tested parameters whereas P only affected biomass, P content and N : P ratio content and accumulation in the roots and the shoots. H. acutigluma had significant higher growth, biomass and nutrient uptake when N concentration increased but not for the case of P increment. H. acutigluma helped to remove 7.6-19% N and 2.1-5.2% P from total input N and P concentrations in the experimental treatment. It indicates that Hymenachne appears to be a promising phytoremediation agent in nutrients removal from aquaculture water.


Keywords: Aquaculture water, Hymenachne acutigluma, Mass balance, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Phytoremediation, Uptake





Risk Assessment of Abrasive Blasting Environment in Pressure Vessel Fabrication Plants

Md Nazrin Bin Muhamad, Roslina Mohammad*, Norazli Othman and Zuritah A.Kadir

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 455-470 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: Workers who are involved with abrasive blasting operations potentially have significant threats to their occupational safety and health (OSH) and environment from exposure to various types of occupational hazards and risks. For example, due to the abundant amount of dust generated from abrasive blasting, workers are exposed to possibility of respiratory illness and the inhalation of airborne contaminants may cause silicosis which often leads to fatality after a certain period of exposure. Concurrently, the control measures that currently exist in the standard operating procedures (SOP) for abrasive blasting operations at pressure vessel fabrication plant companies located in the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia are insufficient to remove or reduce the hazards and risks of OSH. In contrast, any possible harm during abrasive blasting may result in workers potentially experiencing occupational injury or illness. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the potential risk of abrasive blasting in pressure vessel fabrication plants. This comprehensive study was done using risk assessment tools such as Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, and Risk Control (HIRARC). The study is designed to identify and analyse the potential risks that result from recommendations that are properly followed with control measures ranging from elimination, substitution, engineering controls, administrative control, to personal protective equipment (PPE). This would be beneficial in proposing improvements to SOP of abrasive blasting operations that comply with Malaysian requirements, standards and regulations.


Keywords: Abrasive blasting, Control measures, HIRARC, Pressure vessel fabrication plant, Risk assessment, Health, Safety and Environment.





Attendance Management System Assessment and Sustainability Performance at a Telecommunication Operation Centre in Malaysia

Nooramirah Najwa Borhanuddin, Roslina Mohammad, Norazli Othman and Zuritah A.Kadir

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 471-480 | PDF | HTML 


Abstract: In the increasing and rapid competitive and challenging environment in the organization, the influence of attendance on the overall performance of workers is a necessary element of business management. In this paper, the study attempts to propose an improvement of the attendance management tool’s evaluation to track employees key-performance-indicators (KPI) at a telecommunication operation centre in Malaysia. The revealed the primary cause for verification and assessment of attendance records and measurement of staff KPI in the Telecommunication Operation Centre. The analysis was carried out to verify the attendance records versus the performance applied using DMAIC with the R Studio Programming and staff handbook performance measurement. The R Studio Programming was proposed as an automation measurement for individual workers and to improve the new staff handbook’s Telecommunication Operation Centre with an improved attendance measurement KPI per the individual’s performance. The findings of this research will serve as a guide for many organizations later on, in order to improve the staff’s performance handbook. Furthermore, it may additionally benefit the organization as an effective administration tool for employee attendance in the future.


Keywords: DMAIC, Absenteeism, KPI, Performance, Attendance, Sustainability





A Formulation of Big Data Analytics Model in Strengthening the Disaster Risk Reduction

Syamil Zayid, Nur Azaliah Abu Bakar, Mageshwari Valachamy, Nur Shuhada Abdul Malek, Suraya Yaacob, Noor Hafizah Hassan

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 481-487 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: A natural disaster is a serious event that contributes to the damage of infrastructures and property losses, the demand of budgetary allocation, disruption of economic and social activities, damages to the environment, and threat to human life. In disaster management, one of the aims is to reduce the impact of natural disaster through disaster risk management. However, the traditional data risk management mechanism to store and analyse huge disasters has become a challenge for relevant organizations due to its massive datasets, especially when it deals with big data and analytics. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to formulate a big data analytics model to strengthen the disaster risk reduction for Selangor State, Malaysia, comprehending both traditional datasets (geospatial data) and big data analytics (nonspatial data). To this end, 59 factors and available datasets were classified into six categories: ecology, economic, environment, organisation, social, and technology.  These factors were derived from existing studies and then validated in a focus group discussion with 54 government agencies involved disaster risk management in Selangor State, Malaysia. The final output of this paper is Big Data Analytics Model for Disaster Risk Reduction, which will be useful to all stakeholders related to disaster risk management and disaster risk reduction initiatives.


Keywords: Disaster risk management; Disaster risk reduction; Big data analytics; Selangor state





Green Synthesis and High Efficacy Method for Reduced Graphene Oxide by Zataria Multiflora Extract

Behrang Sabayan, Nooredin Goudarzian, Mohammad Hossein Moslemin, Razieh  Mohebat

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 488-496 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: There are many different methods for producing nanoparticles, but the use of plants due to the low cost and environmentally friendly nature of nanoparticle synthesis is very much considered. The biological synthesis of reduced graphene oxide by extracts of Zataria multiflora cultivar is reported in this work. In this study, Zataria multiflora extract was used as a reducing agent for the production of nano-graphene oxide in high yield and avoids the use of toxic and environmentally hazardous reducing agents commonly used in the reduction processes of GO. The reduced graphene oxide and optimization of reaction conditions were monitored by UV and analyzed for determination of size and morphology of reduced graphene oxide with Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Raman spectra, Fourier Transform-infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction devices (XRD) respectively.


Keyword: Green synthesis, Zataria multiflora, Reduced graphene oxide, Graphene oxide





H2S Removal from Sour Water in a Trickling Biofilter

 Mojtaba Fasihi, Mohammad Hassan Fazaelipoor

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 497-503 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Long term desulfurization of sour water was studied in a co-current trickling biofilter (BTF) to find out an alternative to the traditional methods (stripping in a packed or try columns) being used in the gas and oil refineries. Microorganisms from an operating trickling biofilter, treating low levels of H2S (up to 5 g S-H2S m-3) and organic pollutants, were taken, enriched immobilized on the packing materials. A critical elimination capacity (EC) of 151g S-H2S m-3h-1 was achieved during stepwise increase of sulfide concentration from 10 to 50 g S-H2S m-3. H2S measurement along the bed showed that the most significant sulfide removal occurred at the top section of the BTF. Besides the H2S concentration, the effect of liquid velocity and aeration rate was investigated during two independent experiment. Results showed that aeration rate did not increase sulfate production and sulfate selectivity should be improved by regulating of the liquid velocity. It was concluded that biological treatment can be used as a viable alternative to traditional methods for H2S removal from sour water.


Keywords: Sour water, Hydrogen sulfide, Biological removal, Trickling biofilter





Standard Time of Import Paperwork Clearance Department for Sustainability Organization Performance in Forwarding Company

Nor ‘Adilah Mohamad Raazali, Roslina Mohammad, Norazli Othman and Zuritah A.Kadir

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 504-520 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: In order to achieve sustainable performance, it was emphasized for an organization for improvement of the standard performance. This paper attempts to propose a benchmark for the standard time to complete daily paperwork received at a forwarding company by using the define-measure-analyse-improve-control (DMAIC) approach. Results showed that the import clearance agent required 3 days or more to clear paperwork for duty or tax confirmation. The impact led to delayed shipment delivery, caused by customer dissatisfaction and company loss of trusts amongst customers. It was also found that that the number of paperwork received daily was 516, distributed among an average of 15 employees, from January to April 2018. Each employee received an average of 34 paperwork daily. The amount of paperwork received by each employee was at alarming level. The time required to complete paperwork for duty/tax confirmation were 3 days or more for most of the employees, which stood at 62%. Therefore, based on the results of the findings, the proposed benchmark of the standard time for paperwork clearance should not be more than 1 day to allow for same day delivery to the customers, as per the commitment promised by the company.


Keywords: DMAIC, Performance, delay, Standard Time, Sustainability





A Bibliometric Research of Economic Study in World and Malaysia Perspective based on Web of Science Core Collection

Mohammad Farajnezhad, Suresh A/L Ramakrishnan

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 521-534 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Bibliometric is a method that includes statistical analysis of published articles and citations. This paper presents an outline of the highly significant detect in the Web of Science under the Economics filed. This article investigates 50 top and most cited articles in the background and ranks the 50 top universities by the total of papers published. This research examines highly relevance journals, the provisional extension and the countries with the highest publications. It similarly expands this analysis to the Malaysia situation investigating the top and most cited articles, the top universities and the temporary expansion. This investigation is established only findings found on the Web of Science with a goal of introducing a summary of the study of Economics. Some exceptions and features might be found in the results. The finding allows for an overall image of the more important studies in economics. This data is extremely appropriate in demand to detect the top tendencies in economic field. This study expects further expansion to this method by examining another specific case in the Economics field. Furthermore, this study will also remark other countries such as developed and developing economics and journals in the study and expand this method to other scientific classifications.


Keywords: Bibliometrics, Economics articles, Web of Science, Journals, Universities





Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Restaurant Food Handlers in Kerman, Iran

Mohsen Mehdipour Rabori, Moayed Avazpour, Maryam Eskandarinasab, Ali Khalooei

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 535-539 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Food safety is a crucial strategy to control foodborne diseases and improve communities’ health. The study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice level of public restaurant’ food handlers. This cross-sectional study was carried out from May to July 2019 in Kerman city, southeast of Iran.  Data were collected using World Health Organization questionnaires on food safety.  The mean (SD) scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice of the respondents were 61.2 (16.9), 76.4 (12.3) and 63.1 (10.2), respectively. The mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice were not significantly different in terms of the independent variables. There were direct correlation between food safety knowledge and practice (r=.305, P<.0001), the knowledge and attitude (r=.271, P<.0001) (r=.415, P<.0001) as well as between food safety attitude and practice. Thawing frozen food in the refrigerator or other cool places (44.8%),  storing any left-overs of cooked meal in a cool place within two hours (43.7%), reheating cooked food until it is piping hot throughout (42.6%), and using separate utensils and cutting boards when preparing raw and cooked food (42.3%) were the areas with the maximum unsatisfactory practice, respectively. as a result, the food handlers had a  relatively positive attitude toward food safety but  their knowledge and practice level were not satisfactory.


Keywords: Food safety, Foodborne diseases Knowledge, Restaurants, Iran





Developing Region to Reduce Economic Gap and to Support Large Environment Activities

Nanik Wahyuni, Andrey Alekseevich Kulik, E. Laxmi Lydia, K. Shankar4, Miftachul Huda

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 540-545 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The Long Term Development Plan (RPJP) 2005-2025 emphasizes the establishment of a strong environment structure based on competitive advantage in various regions supported by quality and competitive human resources. To create high competitiveness in various regions, regional development approaches and strategies are not only about environment improvement, however, the equitable development in all regions and communities must be watched over. In 2020-2024, regional development is carried out through two main strategies, namely the growth strategy and the equalization strategy as reflected in the growth corridor approach and the island-based equal distribution corridor. The growth strategy is the transformation and acceleration of island and island development. The development focus is the important corridors on each island and archipelago that can drive significant growth in the next five years. The identification of growth corridors on each island and archipelago is carried out by considering the potential of its main economic bases outside Java. The environment bases that have been identified are natural resource processing centers, strategic tourism areas, service centers including metropolitan areas and new metropolitan supporting cities. In this main environment base, it is necessary to strengthen the facilities and infrastructure supply to support large environment activities, including transportation, electricity, communication tool, and infrastructure.


Keywords: Region, Economic activities, Growth strategy, Development approaches





Digital Economic Challenges and Economic Growth in Environmental Revolution 4.0

Suwarni, Elvir Munirovich Akhmetshin, Hilary Izuchukwu Okagbue, E. Laxmi Lydia, K. Shankar

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 546-550 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Nowadays, the world has transformed as an environmental revolution 4.0 eras. The revolution provides challenges and opportunities for future environmental development. In addition, digitalization, automation, and the use of artificial intelligence in economic activities will increase productivity and efficiency in modern production which also provides convenience and comfort for environmental issues. Digital technology also helps the development process in various fields including environmental improvments,like global warming, acid rain, air pollution, urban sprawl, waste disposal, ozone layer depletion, water pollution, climate change and many more affect every human, animal and nation on this planet. In addition, the growth of various environmental activities and online-based buying and selling has not been accompanied by efforts to optimize state revenue and supervise tax compliance on these transactions. This is very important part, because digital transactions are cross country and it’s an aid for environmental changes.


Keywords: Economic growth, Economic challenges, Industrial revolution




Main Assumption for Treatment the Natural Resources in Environment

Bambang Raditya Purnomo, Abditama Srifitriani, Rustem Adamovich Shichiyakh, E. Laxmi Lydia, K. Shankar

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 551-555 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: The limited natural resource is a real challenge that can hinder the achievement of the goal of Environmental treatment. Holistic and integrated efforts from various sectors are needed to overcome the challenges of limited natural resources. In addition, the development planning needs to pay attention to balance the use of natural resources and the achievement of development targets and to pay attention to the reaction that the environment may depict against using its natural resources.  In this regard, economists are taught that long-term economic growth should be maximized. However ecologists and environmentalists believe we can have too much of a good thing. The models used by mainstream economists do not properly take into account a few details – such as melting iceberg, shrinking resource stocks, or the opinions on all this of future generations. In fact, the real credit crunch is not the one involving banks, but the one involving the environment. For centuries we have been depleting forests, oceans, fuel sources, and other species, and the bill is about to become due. Economists’ cherished belief in economic growth is colliding with the reality that we are just one part of larger ecosystem. It explores new economic approaches that aim to resolve the conflict and bring our financial system into balance with the rest of the world.


Keywords: Natural resource, Ecological economics, Mainstream economics, Human population, Environment




Sustainability of Economic Resources

Harliantara, Mira L. Bandaso, Petrus P. Roreng, Marina V. Borovitskaya, Rustem Adamovich Shichiyakh

Volume 8  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 556-559 | PDF | HTML  


Abstract: Indonesia as a country with high biodiversity has great opportunities to develop products from biodiversity. The biodiversity utilization through bioprospecting activities can meet the needs of raw materials for medicine, clothing, food, spices, animal feed, resin producers, dyes, and others. In addition, the diversification of primary medicinal plant products into secondary products has high economic added value. After the reform era in 1998, Indonesia has not been able to continue the socio-economic transformation that was stalled due to the crisis. Indonesia's average potential economic growth has continued to fall from 6.0 percent in the 1990-2000 period to an average of around 5.0 percent in the 2000-2015 period. This slow-moving structural transformation was also marked by the contribution of industrial GDP which fell to 19.9 percent. On the other hand, the contribution of primary sector GDP was 20.9 percent and the contribution of service sector GDP continued to increase to around 59.2 percent in 2018. The increase of GDP in the service sector shows a transition of growth sources from the primary to tertiary sectors. However, the economic transition has not been able to encourage higher growth. The service sector which absorbs labor migration from the primary sector is dominated by the informal services sector with a low growth contribution. The industrial sector, which has the greatest potential to drive growth, still faces the challenge of rising labor costs that have not been followed by an equal increase in productivity.


Keywords: Natural resources, Digital economy, Entrepreneurship, Transformation, Industrial sector




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