Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: C:\Users\jami\Desktop\images\logo.pngDescription: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques (JETT)

 

Volume 6, Issue 1, (2018)

Table of Contents

 

In Press

 

 

 

Finding an Optimum Technology for Medical Waste Management at Upazila & Rural Level in Bangladesh

Shaikh Mohammad Shamim Reza, Kazi Shamima Akter

Volume 6  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 1-7 | PDF | HTML

 

 

Abstract: In this study, Singra Upazila of Natore district in Rajshahi division has been selected to achieve an effective and sustainable medical waste management system for the rural area of the country. Different types of HCEs such as upazila health complex, union sub centre, union health and family welfare centre, community clinic and Private clinic and diagnostic centre of the upazila were included in this study. To find the present Medical Waste Management (MWM) situation field observations were conducted at HCEs of the upazila. It helped to find the current practice of waste separation, handling, storage, treatment and disposal. A structured questionnaire was designed to collect information regarding public knowledge about MWM. Interviews were conducted with people involved in providing medical services and handling and disposing medical waste. After getting all the data from field observation and questionnaire survey, the results are accumulated by using MS Excel software. After that, results were presented by tables, graphs and charts. A GIS map also prepared to show the positions HCEs in the study area. It helped to show the communication system of the upazila. It also helped to visualize the current status and future system of MWM for the study area. To finding the possible optimum technology MCDA matrix were used. Finally, analysing all data, there were suggested possible solution solutions for different HCEs to improve of current MWM system.

 

Keywords: Medical Waste, Hazardous, Rural, Health Care, Technology, MCDA Matrix

 

 

Effectiveness of Growing Kochia indica Under Organic Farming in Combating Desertification

Tawfik M. M., Wafaa M. Haggag, Asal M. Wali and Howida, H. Khedr

Volume 6  |  Issue 1 |  Pages: 8-14| PDF | HTML

 

Abstract: Desertification, exacerbated by climate change, represents one of the greatest environmental challenges of recent times. Various approaches have been taken to combat desertification. Among these, revegetation of the arid lands, using plant species that are more tolerated and adapted to harsh conditions dominated in the deserts. Halophytic plants are probably the most effective practice owing to its affordability in combating desertification. Vegetation cover not only prevents desertification process, but also significantly improves soil and, in turn, the environmental condition of the region, since these halophytic plants can bioremediate the soil. Halophytes are particularly effective in this regard by reducing salinity level of the soil via removing the salts or by utilizing saline and low quality waters for their growth. Growing halophytes for forage production on salt-affected soil under organic fertilization was suggested as a new approach to combat desertification. Field trials were carried out at private salt affected farm in Tamia , Faiyoum Governorate, Egypt to evaluate the growth and productivity of Kochia indica grown under drip irrigation system with saline water ( EC : 6.6 dSm-1). Five organic fertilization treatment were applied (control, chicken manures, cattle manures, Charcoal and green manure). Significant differences were reported for growth parameters and physiological aspects as well as nutritional values of the tested plants with superiority to chicken manures. Moreover, growing Kochia plants under organic fertilization have positive impact on soil bioremediation process by decreasing EC as well as the content of Na+ and Cl- in the soil.  Kochia indica, seemed to be promising halophytic plants for feeding goats and sheep in desert area. It can be concluded that some halophytes may be used not only as a tool for combating desertification in arid and semi-arid regions through depleting soil salts, but also offering a new salt-tolerant forage crops can grow better under organic agriculture.

 

Keywords: Combating desertification, Saline habitats, Kochia indica, Organic fertilizers.

 

 

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