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Volume 7, Special issue on environmental management and economy, (2019)

Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

Algal Flora of the Ponds, Located within the City of Vyksa (Nizhny Novgorod Region of the Russian Federation)

Liliya Yu. Khaliullina, Anastasia D. Panina

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 858-864 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article presents the results of studies of planktonic algae of ponds, located within the city of Vyksa, for 2017-2018. During the period of observation, 110 taxa were found in the phytoplankton of the studied water bodies. Phytoplankton was formed by diatoms, green, blue-green and euglena algae. The highest values of the abundance and biomass were typical for the Vil'skiy pond. The lowest values of the abundance and biomass were observed in the Verkhnevyksunsky pond. The quality of water in majority of the studied reservoirs was estimated as mesosaprobic. According to the indicators of water trophicity, most of the studied objects are mesotrophic. The highest values ​​of the indices of saprobity and trophicity were defined in the Vil'skiy pond, the water quality of which corresponded to the eutrophic and hypereutrophic types.

 

Keywords: Algocenosis, Algae, Phytoplankton, Vyksa city, Zheleznitsa River, Pond

 

 

 

 

Assessment of the Personal Investment Capacity for Individuals in the Russian Federation

Aysylu A. Akhmetgareeva, Alla A. Elakova, Alexey G. Isavnin, Ilnur I. Makhmutov, Ekaterina A. Khuzina

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 865-869 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: To analyse individual and collective investments of individuals in financial markets, we evaluate the combination of the following factors: a list of professional intermediaries working with a particular investment object or collective investment instrument, their market position and work results, the totality of the services and products offered, investment conditions, actual dynamics volumes of investments in a given type of asset, its profitability, as well as the dynamics of the market as a whole. The simplest and most understandable type of financial assets available to individuals is deposits. Bank deposits are popular among individuals; with that, there is an annual increase in demand for this type of asset. Since 2007, there has been an increase in deposits by 16.2 trillion roubles, and in 2018 individuals increased their deposits by 3 trillion roubles; that corresponds to a growth rate of 23.5 %. According to the Agency for Deposit Insurance, in addition to the general dynamics of retail deposits, the following features of the deposit market can be noted: deposits with a term of 1 year to 3 years occupy the largest share in the structure of household deposits; the most popular in the structure of deposits are those with a size of over 1 million roubles, as well as from 100 to 400 thousand roubles.

 

Keywords: An individual, financial market, Deposit, Commercial bank, Asset, deposit, Intermediary

 

 

 

 

 

Communicative Bases of Reproduction of Environmental Consciousness of Modern Youth (Case-Study of the Republic of Tatarstan)

Liliya G. Egorova, Valeriya O. Korunova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 870-873 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Environmental problems are more on the current agenda of the world community and individual countries, which indicates the intensification of management measures to resolve them. Measures directly taken by the authorities to improve the environmental friendliness are aimed mainly at greening the everyday practices of the population, and above all, young people, who are the central engine of all social changes. Under these conditions, a deep study of the environmental consciousness of young people is necessary - the value attitude of young people to the environment, structuring their activities and reproducing communicatively in the course of consumption of information about environmental problems. The article presents an overview of the research of Russian and foreign authors on the topic of reproduction of the environmental awareness of youth, as well as the results of a 2017 study among students of the Republic of Tatarstan. Based on a comparative analysis of the data of the author’s research and earlier studies in the Russian regions, the dynamics of the environmental consciousness of Russian students is traced. It is concluded that the factors of mass informing and awareness of young people about the state of the environment in the process of forming environmental concerns of young people and the environmental behaviour practices they implement are highly significant.

 

Keywords: Environmental consciousness, Environmental awareness, Environmental information, Communication, environmental practices, Youth

 

 

 

 

Comparative Analysis of Biologically Active Substances in Trifolium Pratense and Trifolium Repens Depending on the Growing Conditions

Alexander L. Mikhailov, Olga A. Timofeeva, Uliana A. Ogorodnova, Nikita S. Stepanov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 874-877 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: In our studies, we studied the content of pharmaceutically promising biologically active substances, namely phenolic compounds, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, provitamin A (b-carotene) in plants of meadow clover and creeping clover (Trrifolium repens). The effect of the plant growth site on the content of the studied compounds was also studied. The obtained data showed that the content of biologically active compounds in white clover (Trifolium repens L.) is similar to those of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and white clover is a source of a whole set of pharmacologically active compounds, as well as red clover. The influence of the place of plant growth on the content of the studied compounds was revealed, which may be important for solving production problems. For example, in clover plants of both species studied, the flavonoid content collected in meadow steppes is higher than in other places. Regarding vitamin C, a significant content is shown for plants from floodplain meadows, also for both species. The content of provitamin A and phenolic compounds, according to our data, depended more on the type of clover. So the content of provitamin A was found to be higher in white clover, and phenolic compounds - in red clover.

 

Keywords: Red clover, White clover, Biologically active substances, Favonoids, Isoflavonoids, Phenolic compounds

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive Assessment of the Comfort of the Urban Environment

Elena V. Maksyutina, Anatolij N. Makarov, Veronika V. Sagaeva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 878-881 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article deals with the study of the comfort of the urban environment in modern conditions of Russia. The research discloses modern approaches to determining the essence and the main components of the comfort of the urban environment and systematizes the most important indicators and methods for assessing the comfort of living of the city population. A comprehensive assessment of the comfort of living in the city was carried out on the example of Naberezhnye Chelny of the Republic of Tatarstan. A comprehensive assessment of the living comfort of the city population was carried out using the urban environment quality index is calculated on the basis of 30 indicators. Each indicator is responsible for a certain type of urban space and shows the degree of quality of the urban environment according to one of the criteria. This analysis made it possible to identify the main directions for improving the mechanism of upgrading the comfort of living. The results of the assessment of the urban environment quality index for cities of the Russian Federation showed that only 21% of cities were characterized as cities with a favourable urban environment, and 79% - with an unfavourable urban environment. However, in case of successful implementation of the measures provided for by the federal project “Formation of a Comfortable Urban Environment”, by 2021 the forecasted number of cities with a favourable urban environment should be 445 (40%), by 2024 - 667 (60%), that is, the number of cities with an unfavourable urban environment in the Russian Federation will be halved.

 

Keywords: urban environment comfort, quality of life, territory improvement, urban environment quality index, urban infrastructure

 

 

 

 

Developing Multigenerator Plants for Separating Rabbit Wool from Conies

Evgeny An. Shamin, Maryana V. Belova, Olga V. Mihailova, Galina Novikova4, Alexei N. Korobkov, Peter Vl. Zaytsev, Tatiana V. Sharonova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 882-889 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: According to statistics, the amount of rabbit wool produced in Russia, China, and France is 21, 180, and 2.5 tons, respectively. The development of rabbit raising in several Russian regions offers large prospects to farming enterprises. However, high-quality treatment of conies on farming enterprises is impossible; this is why, conies are subject to disposal. Consequently, the study’s relevance is conditioned by disposed cony amounts. The scientific problem is to reduce operating costs of separating rabbit wool from conies and collect the raw material while preserving its quality in the farming enterprise environment. The priority microwave technology of separating rabbit wool from conies is distinguished by analyzing the results of tests conducted by many authors for implementing electrophysical methods of treating multicomponent raw materials, animal skins included. The goal of this work is to separate decontaminated rabbit wool from conies by developing the microwave technology and multigenerator radiation-tight plants with low-capacity air-cooled magnetrons for continuous operation. This article is intended to discover efficient design configurations of resonator chambers ensuring the fulfillment of most of the criteria of designing ultrahigh frequency (UHF) plants. The efficient design of the plant processing chamber was chosen by analyzing the parameters of the electrodynamic system with different unconventional resonators. The four UHF plants described herein have unconventional resonators ensuring the continuous collection of wool from conies, with electromagnetic safety ensured without below cutoff waveguides. The length and diameter calculation procedure for using waveguides is presented. The first and the second UHF plants with prismatic resonators do not ensure multiple exposure but maintain impermeability to radiation. The third plant with a prolate spheroid and a disk conveyor ensures a duty ratio below 0.5, which excludes cony shrinking; however, additional units are needed to maintain electromagnetic safety. The fourth plant with a biconical resonator allows meeting all the basic criteria of UHF plant design.

 

Keywords: Electromagnetic field, Resonator, Bicone, Spheroid, Electrophysical factors


 
 

 

 

Development of a Method of Analysis of the Financial Condition of the Enterprise Taking into Account the Life Cycle and Features of Its Functioning

Anton N. Karamyshev, Gulsina K. Gabdullina, Anatoly Ye. Yakovlev 

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 890-893 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: A disadvantage of the traditional methodology for analyzing the financial condition of an enterprise is the lack of theoretical and methodological developments adapted to Russian business conditions that allow differentiating the subject of research depending on industry and regional affiliation, as well as the stage of the life cycle and the scale of functioning of corporate structures. Ignoring the regional and sectoral affiliation, the stage of the life cycle and the scale of the enterprise’s activity in a comparative analysis of the actual and normative values ​​of the financial condition indicators does not make it possible to formulate the correct conclusion about the degree of financial stability of the enterprise. It is too early to draw any conclusions regarding the financial condition of the enterprise at an early stage of its life cycle, which is explained by the work of the enterprise not at full capacity. The company, at the stage of its birth, is still unstable, since it has a significant share of borrowed capital, risk indicators are high, and solvency ratios do not reach the recommended values, which contradicts the concept of “sustainability”. At the same time, if the idea of ​​implementing the business of this enterprise is successful, then at the next stages the investment will pay off and bring the expected profit. An important factor in the analysis of the financial condition of the enterprise is also its industry and scale. Neglect of these factors leads to a distortion of the assessment of the level of the financial condition of the enterprise.

 

Keywords: Analysis, Financial condition, Development, Specific features, Enterprise management

 

 

 

 

Ecological and Legal Regulation of Genomic Research: Statement of the Problem

Elena V. Luneva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 894-897 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Based on the analysis of the work of Russian and foreign lawyers, geneticists, biochemists, biotechnologists, bioecologists, molecular biologists, and microbiologists, the article studies the environmental and legal regulation of genomic research in the Russian Federation. It has been shown that a large number of works deal with the environmental and legal problems of genomic research abroad, however, with regard to Russian legislation, relevant studies are extremely few. It was revealed that in Russia in the field of environmental protection, ensuring human environmental safety and rational nature management, the legal regulation of genomic research is limited only by the legal regime of biotechnologies in general and the legal provision of genetic engineering in particular. At the legislative level, social relations are recommended to be recognized as homogeneous according to the genetic and genomic versions of genetics and genomics. A broad understanding of genomic research is defined, consisting of two groups of social relations: (1) directly genomic research - structural genomics, genomic analysis, functional genomics (proteomes and transcripts), genomic polymorphism, mapping and sequencing of genomes, etc.; (2) activities related to genomic research - genetic research, biotechnology, genetic engineering, experimental mutagenesis, genomic selection, etc.). The question is raised about the need to develop differentiated environmental and legal regulation of heterogeneous social relations in genomic research, depending on targeted or non-targeted changes in the genome. The proposed classification is important in terms of applying various environmental and legal means of environmental protection for the selected groups of public relations on genomic research.

 

Keywords: Environmental regulation, Genomic research, Genomics, Environmental safety, Food safety, Environmental risks

 

 

 

 

Economic Sovereignty and How to Get It under Current Development of Society and Regulatory System

Olena M. Moiseienko, Oleh L. Yaremenko

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 898-903 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article is devoted to urgent problems of economic sovereignty in current conditions of development of society and the regulatory system. The author analyzes the concept of "economic sovereignty", determines that this term can be defined as the potential ability of the state’s economic system to ensure sustainable reproduction of the national economy as a social and economic integrity at the expense of available internal resources. The main component of economic sovereignty is specified as economic freedom, showing the ability of the economy reproduction, considered to be a crucial factor in achieving economic sovereignty. Some propositions how to gain economic sovereignty through a synthesis of state regulation and civil society resources using Ukraine as a case are contained herein. The research proves impossibility of economic sovereignty based on the "oligarchic model" of economic development.

 

Keywords: Economy, Sovereignty, Freedom, State, Society, Regulation, Resources, Stability, Oligarchs, Model

 

 

 

 

Factors Analysis and Their Influence Determination on the Indicators Value of Goods Export Competitiveness

Maxim V. Demchenko, Gulnara F. Ruchkina, Svetlana V. Frumina, Ilya S. Iksanov, Susana A. Kirakosyan, Igor V. Matveev, Valery E. Belov, Olga V. Popova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 904-910 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The relevance of the problem is due to the influence of export competitiveness factors of the Russian Federation on the dynamics of foreign trade in the movement of goods outside the customs territory of the EAEU. The existence of such factors will not allow for the effective implementation of state export policy and the development of the national economy. Therefore, it is necessary to identify such factors, their analysis, to determine the degree of their influence and to form proposals for taking measures on their elimination. In this regard, the purpose of the article is to identify the degree of influence of export competitiveness factors on the export competitiveness indicators declared in Russian and international documents. The leading methods of cognition underlying the study of this problem are analysis, synthesis and induction, allowing to identify the degree of influence of export competitiveness factors on export competitiveness indicators and to justify proposals for their leveling. The main result of the article is the formation of a matrix, which clearly shows the influence of factors on individual indicators of export competitiveness, allocated by international organizations, which will determine which factors have a more negative impact on the performance of export competitiveness in a larger volume and, therefore, need to be addressed as a priority. The materials of the article can be used to assess the export competitiveness of industrial and other products; will determine further directions to improve the state policy in the field of Russian exports’ development and increase the attractiveness of the domestic economy in foreign markets.

 

Keywords: Export competitiveness, Factors of export competitiveness, Indicators, State support of export

 

 

 

 

Features of Assessment of Regional Business Cycles: Methodical Approaches and Paradigm of the Research

Marat R. Safiullin, Aliya A. Abdukaeva, Leonid A. Elshin

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 911-914 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Emerging trends in the development of socio-economic systems, characterized by a high level of dynamics of institutional transformations and corresponding macroeconomic generations based on progressive forms of creating added value, require improved approaches to the analysis methods of their development. If earlier the priority development areas were the processes of economy industrialization, the implementation of large-scale decisions, the high localization of economic processes, now the following strategic development guidelines come to the fore: formation and large-scale replication of local low-concentrated growth points; diversification of business activity; development and dissemination of technological, institutional, product changes; development of social parameters of economic growth, based, inter alia, on the principles of environmental friendliness of economic and operational activities, etc. All this creates the basis for improving the traditional approaches to modeling economic growth and development existing in the theory of regional economics. At a methodological level, the solution of issues posed is the subject of this article. The methods of formalized assessment and construction of economic cycles of both macro- and mesolevel are proposed through the prism of expectation theory in it. Relying on the proposed toolkit for designing advanced development cycles (3D expectations of economic agents), the study reveals approaches forming the basis for a comparative analysis of economic cycles of various levels and scales.

 

Keywords: Cyclical fluctuations of economy, Regional economic cycles, Expectations, forecasting the economy, Comparison of economic cycles, methodology

 

 

 

 

Humanitarization of Natural Science Education of Elementary School Children: Challenges and Opportunities

Natalya P. Nesgovorova, Vasily G. Savelev, Galina V. Ivantsova, Marina Yu. Prokopieva, Tatyana A. Fedorova, Elena A. Tebenkova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 915-924 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: On the one hand, the state of the problem of natural science education of elementary school children (NCE) includes a trend towards humanitarization, and on the other hand, a complex of efforts is required to implement it. The purpose of this paper is to develop a theoretical underpinning for humanitarization of NCE of elementary school children as a complex and open education system, and the rationale for its methodological system and results. The key methods were the methods of diagnostics and evaluation of the experimental pedagogical work. The paper provides the background for the requirements to humanitarization of NCE of elementary school children, namely the need to develop a variable subject and character formation content and to actualize the subjective reflective and creative position in its absorption. The paper demonstrates the methodological system of natural science education of elementary school children based on the idea of humanitarization of the education system and its procedures, its structure, the conditions for its implementation, including the cluster approach to the organization of the education process. The key major purpose of education is to comprehensively develop personal, metasubject and subject-specific results of absorption of the contents of humanitarized natural science education, which are reflected in the personal qualities of the elementary school children.

 

Keywords: Natural Science Education Of Elementary School Children, The Humanitarization Principle, Humanitarization Of Natural Science Education Of Elementary School Children, Personal Identity

 

 

 

 

Image of a City as a Factor of Strategic Development of a Territory

Yuliya A. Efremova, Olga N. Goryacheva, Rusalina F. Kurbanova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 925-929 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: This paper discusses the problem of strategic development of a territory. The urbanization processes are manifested, inter alia, in the outflow of population from Russian provincial cities. Young people are increasingly striving to move to a larger city in order to satisfy their needs for education, cultural development and professional realization. The relevance of the work is associated with the study of subjective and objective factors affecting the development of the territory. In order to identify the main features of the image of the city, it is necessary to conduct a study of public opinion. The data obtained can help in developing a program to form a positive image of the city. In order to identify positive and negative assessments of respondents characterizing the image of the city, we used methods of interviewing and questioning residents of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny. As a result of the data obtained during our work, it was possible to study the prerequisites for the relocation of citizens to more attractive cities from their point of view. The practical significance of the work lies in the fact that based on the analysis of the respondents' opinions about the city, proposals were formulated to create a positive image of the city and directions for its effective promotion were determined.

Keywords: strategic development, image of the city, urban studies, perspectives of perception, positioning

 

 

 

 

Issues on Increasing Efficiency of Agricultural Business in the Republic of Tatarstan

Alina R. Battalova, Farit N. Mukhametgaliev, Farida F. Mukhametgalieva, Landish F. Sitdikova.

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 930-934 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The relevance of the paper’s topic is due to the need to search for new directions to increase the efficiency of the activities of agrarian business entities, to analyse the reasons and factors hindering their development in the modern economic situation. The purpose of the paper is to summarize the results of activities, systematise the problems in the effective development of agricultural business entities and develop recommendations for organizing their effective production and economic activities. The subject of the study is the organizational and economic mechanism of control over the economic efficiency of agricultural organizations. The novelty of the research is to identify trends in the formation and development of agricultural business and to develop directions for improving the organizational and economic mechanism intended for improving the competitiveness of economic entities in the regional agribusiness. The main outputs of the authors’ study are the following: results of a practical analysis concerning the effectiveness of the activities of agricultural business entities are presented; the current trends, problems and prospects for their progressive development are identified; the main directions for improving the efficiency of the agricultural sector of the economy in the Republic of Tatarstan are identified. The theoretical provisions and practical recommendations proposed in the paper can be applied in the process of scientific applied research on the problems of agricultural business development, with the scientific substantiation of the main directions, methods and mechanisms for implementing the state agro-food policy.

Keywords: Agriculture, Agricultural policy, Agricultural business, Efficiency, Competitiveness

 

 

 

 

Legal Support of Environmental Safety with Targeted and Non-Targeted Changes in the Genome of Living Organisms

Elena V. Luneva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 935-938 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The paper explores social relations for targeted and non-targeted changes in the genome of living organisms based on the analysis of the work of Russian and foreign geneticists, biochemists, biotechnologists, bioecologists, molecular biologists and microbiologists. Ecological risks from targeted (genetic research, biotechnology, genetic engineering, experimental mutagenesis, genomic selection, etc.) and non-targeted (under the influence of the consequences of the negative impact on the environment) genome changes that are subject to an account upon environmental regulation of corresponding public relations are identified. It is advisable to provide in the legal support of genomic research the incentives (tax incentives, credit incentives, public-private partnerships, etc.) of targeted change in the genome, which allows solving social, economic, food and environmental problems. To prevent environmental risks, it is worthwhile to provide a system of legal prohibitions and restrictions when conducting any genomic research, as well as legal measures, means and methods aimed at protecting the natural environment, ensuring human environmental safety and rational nature management. The expediency of organizing an ecological genetic monitoring and cytogenetic monitoring service to determine the mutagenic potential of the environment has been proved. The analysis of genetic data is recommended to be used when making managerial decisions in the area under consideration.

Keywords: Environmental and legal regulation, Genomic research, Environmental safety, Targeted change in the genome, Non-targeted change in the genome

 

 

 

 

 

Main Trends of Corporation Accounts Receivable Optimization

Khristina A. Pavlova, Daniya K.. Bikchantaeva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 939-943 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Accounts receivable, being the most important factor of the positive cash flow of any company, is under close attention of its management. The definition and maintenance of receivables at an acceptable level allows a company to solve the problems of its obligations to creditor repayment timely and to predict cash flows. In this regard, the systematic approach to the formation of a portfolio of debtors is of particular importance, taking into account the specifics of a company. This article discusses the main trends of counterparty obligation optimization of an enterprise through factoring mechanisms, mutual claim offset and debt restructuring. Debt optimization does not come down to work with problem customers. This process is ongoing and covers two aspects, both at the formation stage and in relation to the existing debt structure. The choice of a financial mechanism must be made on the basis of a counterparty credit rating compilation, which is necessary for companies from the perspective of the temporary aspect of cash resource receipt. This proposal is interesting in the practice of a particular financial scheme selection. The practical part of the article is devoted to specific calculations of financial instrument use such as factoring and debt restructuring. The advantages and disadvantages of each of them are shown and attention is paid to the timeliness of their application, since the real value of money received as the implementation result of these schemes will differ from their nominal value. Specific calculations are based on the official reporting of "KAMAZ" PJSC, which also allows us to conclude that the article is of practical importance.

 

Keywords: Accounts receivable, Accounts payable, Factoring, Restructuring, Cash flows, Mutual obligations

 

 

 

 

Management of Tourist Attractiveness of Regions of Russia (on the Example of the Republic of Tatarstan)

Gulnara F. Valeeva, Oleg A. Bunakov, Sahetmyrat A. Gurbanov, Hjugo Espinoza Bautista

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 944-949 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: Today, the tourism industry as a highly profitable and dynamically developing business sector is becoming increasingly important in the development of individual regions, thereby contributing to the preservation of the sociocultural potential and authentic values, natural landscapes and ecosystems of individual territories. The tourism industry provides deep integration of public relations, the dynamics of the development of sectors and social mobility. The most important task of the development of the tourism sector of the Russian Federation is the growth of inbound and domestic tourist flow, as this allows us to ensure the influx of financial resources necessary for the growth of the national economy. Indicators of increasing tourist attractiveness are: an increase in the number of tourists coming to a country (region or city) and the length of their stay in the territory; increase in the volume of paid tourist services, hotel services and similar accommodation facilities, etc. Modern management practices of developing the tourist attractiveness of the Russian regions consist in the development, implementation and implementation of the state program "Tourism Development Strategy in the Russian Federation for the period until 2020", which is aimed at preserving and making the most of the natural and climatic resources, maintaining the cultural and historical heritage of the regions , the development of mentality and education of citizens, the development of tourist infrastructure. The Republic of Tatarstan is one of the most effective and successful regions of Russia in the formation and development of the tourism industry. Being an economically prosperous region, Tatarstan is constantly increasing its competitive advantages in the tourism industry through a number of large-scale events to build tourist loyalty, as well as the construction of new demonstration facilities, places and destinations that help attract massive flows of tourists on various types of trips. The action plan developed in the framework of this study is aimed at improving the tourist attractiveness of Tatarstan by building routes for various types of tourism (cultural, educational, business, rural), improving the quality of tourism services in the form of innovative technology “augmented reality” and generally raising awareness potential consumers about tourism products of the republic.

Keywords: tourist attraction, tourism, Republic of Tatarstan, regional development, business tourism, rural tourism

 

 

 

Managment Model of Administrating Territories with Special Entrepreneurial Treatment

Gulia F. Galiullina, Rasulya R. Аetdinova, Liya R. Sharipova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 950-954 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The article proposes a model for managing territories with a special regime of doing business (25 special economic zones, 3 free economic zones, 166 industrial parks, 73 science cities, 25 innovation-territorial clusters, 199 technology parks, 21 Far Eastern territories of priority development, 89 territories of advanced social and economic development in single-industry towns, etc.). Experiments on their creation in the modern history of the country have been implemented since the 90s of the 20th century. Modern strategic management, ignoring large-scale unforeseen events (“black swans”), puts a priority on the analysis of the causes and consequences of the most frequently occurring events and their consideration in predicting the future. But it is precisely the factors of uncertainty and chaos that change reality, translate development into a new trend. These factors and mechanisms of self-organization of economic development take into account the institutional-synergetic approach, which emphasizes phase and structural transformations in the system and creates the conditions for the manifestation of various types of synergy in phase and structural dynamics. A feature of managing special territories based on an institutional-synergetic approach is the constant monitoring of the situation using two feedback channels. Building a positive feedback system is aimed at tracking the system-forming transformations of the external and internal environment of the control object, and based on this, plan and implement proactive management decisions. In a constantly changing external environment, periodically (usually for a short time after the transition to a new development trend), it is important to stabilize the system in order to maintain new trends at a given stage of transformation. This function is performed by the negative feedback channel. The management model of territories with a special business regime with positive and feedback channels is focused on the implementation of proactive management.

Keywords: Saprobity, Gene 18S rRNA, Next-generation sequencing, Freshwater lake, Ecology

 

 

 

 

 

Model of Increasing the Economic Affordability of Housing When Creating Housing Cooperative

Aigul A. Guseinova, Albina N. Afanasyeva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 955-959 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The housing problem remains one of the most acute and socially significant, since the possibility of acquiring and improving housing conditions for citizens becomes difficult and impossible to achieve without state support. In particular, a decrease in housing affordability is associated with the quality and growth in the cost per square meter of housing, the tax burden and the annual increase in housing maintenance costs. Nevertheless, the main criterion characterizing the growth of reproduction and ensuring the comfort of living is the income level of the population. Housing is a social criterion and an indicator of the life quality of the population, affecting labor productivity, growth in gross domestic product, dynamics of demographic processes, and economic activity of the population. Undoubtedly, the availability of housing is the main indicator of the economic and social development of the state. Unfortunately, despite the positive dynamics of the housing affordability indicator, there are a number of problems that need to be addressed within the framework of the formation of comfortable housing. And also, it is necessary to introduce the affordability barriers to understand the complexity of creating an affordable housing market. In this article, the authors present a model for increasing housing affordability, taking into account an accurate assessment of the possibility of its acquisition. In addition, we offer a solution to this socio-economic problem by supporting the development of housing cooperation, which shall be expressed in the formation of new legal institutions and instruments that contribute to the guaranteed accumulation of funds by citizens for the acquisition of real estate.

Keywords: Housing, Affordability, Housing Cooperative, Construction, Barrier, Property, Income

 

 

 

 

Modeling the Process of Portfolio Investment of Innovative Projects of High-Tech Products

Igor L. Beilin, Vadim V. Khomenko, Ekaterina I. Kadochnikova, Nailya M. Yakupova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 960-965 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article proposes for the first time the use of the analytical segmentation method for the formation of investment portfolios of small innovative enterprises (MIP), based on a wide range of their own research projects. This is the MIP according to No. 209-ФЗ, which are supported, first of all, by the programs of the Foundation for the Promotion of the Development of Small Enterprises in the Scientific and Technical Sphere (Foundation for the Promotion of Innovations). These include the program "START", "Development", "Commercialization». The digital model realizes the possibilities in the on-line segmentation correction mode and the share of investment of portfolio projects depending on changes in the financial, technical, economic, technological and operational characteristics of an innovative product. On the basis of network planning methods, a model of the production program of a small innovative enterprise has been formed; a critical path and value of investment along a critical path have been determined. The new economy is based on knowledge and relies primarily on intellectual capabilities, reducing dependence on natural resources. Nowadays, knowledge, skills and experience are just as important in an increasingly interconnected world economy as any other economic resources for success. This globalization is based on technological innovations that change business models in all sectors of the economy through the virtualization of operating systems. Many innovative enterprises actively use servers, the latest data storage devices and network resources involved in digitizing key business processes, such as marketing, trading, manufacturing, customer service, communications, and much more.

 

Keywords: Economics, Econometrics, Economic and Mathematical Modeling, Economic Theory, Regional Economy, Innovation Management

 

 

 

 

Regional Cooperation of States on the Issue of Protection of the World Ocean Ecosystems from Pollution

Ksenia B. Valiullina, Salwan Jaber Hashim, Gennadiy I. Kurdyukov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 966-969 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The problem of pollution of the World Ocean is a source of serious concern, in view of the emergence of new methods and means of influence on its area and resources. At the same time, the need to ensure its preservation and protection is not taking into account. As a result, the balance of the World Ocean ecosystem is disrupted; its biological diversity, favorable habitats of marine biological resources, fish stocks and a lot more are reduced. Being aware of the integrity of the World Ocean system, which can be considered only in the aggregate of its components, the legal regulation of the issues of ensuring its preservation and protection should be carried out from a comprehensive perspective at all levels. The actions for the provision of international cooperation in the field of environmental research, the adoption of optimal strategy for preservation and protection of the World Ocean from pollution, the development and application of new technical means, in order to improve the quality of the environment in the interests of mankind, are of paramount importance. According to the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), all states are interested in close cooperation on the issues of ensuring the preservation and protection of the World Ocean at all levels, both global and regional. At the same time, it is emphasized the importance of regional conventions on the protection of waters and living resources of certain seas from pollution, which complement, develop and strengthen global agreements. Regional cooperation ensures the development and implementation of its own internal standards, applicable to the given region, and mechanisms for the protection of the environment, including the marine environment. At the same time, it can enhance the effectiveness of implementation of the universal conventions provisions, as well as promote the subregional and bilateral cooperation in the achievement of a single objective of ensuring the preservation and protection of the World Ocean from pollution.

Keywords: Protection, preservation, Pollution sources, Conservation, Cooperation, Environmental safety

 

 

 

 

Student Socio-Psychological Expectations from Studying in Higher Education Institution: Satisfaction Degree and Implementation Evaluation

Rimma R. Khanmurzina, Denis G. Shelevoi, Larisa I. Tararina, Elena Yu. Mazhuga, Maxim S. Fabrikov, Larisa A. Kosolapova, Anna I. Skorobogatova, Maria A. Matveeva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 970-974 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The aim of the study is to analyze the implementation of students' expectations from studying at the University. The leading method for the study of this problem is the method of the questionnaire, which allows the most qualitative and in-depth study of the expectations of young people in relation to higher education. The article examines the socio-psychological expectations of students from studying in higher educational institutions and the degree of their satisfaction.  The novelty and originality of the study lies in the fact that the degree of expectations from studying in higher education institution in several areas is considered: educational activity, scientific activity, practical activity, leisure activity, communication. It is revealed that almost all five selected aspects characterizing the study at the University, dominated by a high level of expectations, but the degree of implementation of these expectations varies markedly. It is established that the highest level of implementation is characterized by areas that are not directly related to the educational process. These are communication components (informal communication with teachers, communication in the student group and with the administrative apparatus). It is shown that the components of the educational process (the content of the taught material and its presentation by teachers) are evaluated significantly lower. It is shown that the lowest score was obtained for the organization and conduct of practices at the University. It is revealed that the existing problems have a negative impact on the attitude of students to their educational institution and, consequently, reduce its image in the eyes of future students and the public as a whole. The data obtained in this work can be used in the psychology of education, age psychology, social psychology, pedagogy, sociology, as well as for further theoretical development of this issue.

 

Keywords: Student youth, Educational activities, Expectations

 

 
 

 

 

Temporal Strategies of Student Educational Activeness: Strategic Capital or Basic Resource?

Natalia A. Zaitseva, Irina V. Bryantseva, Vladimir E. Rubanik, Elena V. Grigorovich, Natalia A. Matveeva, Larisa I. Tararina, Ekaterina I. Sokolova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 975-979 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The relevance of this article lies in the understanding of strategic guidelines by students. In today's world, when social time is accelerating every year, it is becoming increasingly difficult to navigate in personal and public time. Solving life problems, it is necessary to pay attention to planning and proper allocation of time, as years later there is a great risk to consider the past years lost. Timely realization of the opportunities and potential is important when the person has both forces, and time, and it is the period of youth. The aim of the study is to analyze the temporal strategies of personality in the field of educational activeness. The article studies the features of educational activeness of students. Cognitive, emotional and behavioral aspects of students' temporal strategies are analyzed. The data obtained in the work can be used in labor psychology, age psychology, social psychology, pedagogy, sociology, as well as for further theoretical development of this issue.

 

Keywords: Temporal strategy, Educational activeness, Student youth

 

 

 

 

Social Entrepreneurship: Contemporary Concepts, Development Trends and Peculiarities of Employee Training

Svetlana P. Solyannikova, Sergey V. Anureev, Tatiana S. Korobova, Svetlana V. Frumina, Natalia S. Shmigol, Dinara G. Vasbieva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 980-988 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: With increasing levels of economic uncertainty and changing tasks which the modern state face, the boundaries of state social responsibility are being revised, corporate social responsibility models, civil society institutions and socially oriented non-profit organisations (NGOs) are developing. The activities of these NGOs are directly related to the satisfaction of various social needs, and on a voluntary basis together with stakeholders they address social issues and implement environmental measures. Social responsibility becomes an ethical obligation. In this regard, the paper identifies the attributes of social entrepreneurship and socially oriented non-profit organisations, analyzes the stages of social entrepreneurship theory development and gives a description of modern conceptual approaches to the formation of effective mechanisms of state regulation and financial support for this sphere. In addition, the study examines a set of issues related to the training and retraining of personnel for social entrepreneurship and socially oriented NGOs, presents the results of systematization of best practices for the implementation of training and retraining of staff who understand the specifics of the entrepreneurial activity in the social sphere, take into account social needs, and are aware of the modern requirements for the feasibility of the state social functions.

 

Keywords: Social responsibility concepts, Social entrepreneurship, Socially oriented non-profit organizations, Social entrepreneurship skills, Social entrepreneurship training/retraining programs, Social entrepreneurship training courses

 

 

 

 

 

The Activities of Local Authorities in the Development of Economic Activity of the Population in the Republic of Iraq

 Evgeny B. Sultanov, Jaafar Haser Abdulrida

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 989-992 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The existence and development of municipal legal relations is not possible in the absence of an economic basis, although legislation does not directly require this. The exercise of municipal authority on the one hand, the closest proximity to the source of power (the population of the municipality), and with the other standing position compared with other levels of government. These conditions, combined with the extinct elements (including legal consciousness) of the command economy, predetermine the understanding of local self-government as a “subordinate” (dependent) level of power. And, as a result, financial, and economic inequality. Whereas the very nature of local self-government implies significant economic independence. One of the main problems facing the municipalities in Iraq is the lack or shortage of municipal property and the inefficient management of the municipal economy. Therefore, it is very important to correctly determine the co-financial and economic foundations of local self-government, as well as a clear legal consolidation of all their elements and mechanisms of interaction between them.

 

Keywords: Proactive budgeting, Local government, Economic fundamentals, Municipal property, Iraqi lawmaker, Local government

 

 

 

 

The Composition and Seasonal Dynamics of Planktonic Green Algae in the Mouth of the Kazanka River (Republic of Tatarstan)

Liliya Yu. Khaliullina, Alina R. Fazlieva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 993-998 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article presents the results of studies of the species composition and seasonal dynamics of planktonic green algae in the mouth of the Kazanka River in the city of Kazan in 2018. During the observation period, 51 taxa of green planktonic algae of Chlorophyceae and Trebouxiophyceae classes were found in the algoflora of the studied area, of which 53% of the species belong to the order Sphaeropleales spheroplei. The largest numbers of taxa belong to the families Hydrodictyaceae (13%), Scenedesmaceae (23%), Selenastraceae (10%), Chlorellaceae (14%), Oocystaceae (10%), Chlamydomonadaceae (8%). The total number and biomass range from 1.6-18.8 million cells/liter and 1.2-9.9 mg/liter. Flagellate monadic algae dominate in phytoplankton, belonging to the order Chlamydomonadales Phacotus lenticularis, Pandorina morum, Chlamydomonas sp. sp., Carteria sp. sp. The species of the spheroplei genera Scenedesmus, Pediastrum, Coelastrum, Crucigenia, Actinastrum, Dictyosphaerium, Oocystis. Mass reproduction of these algae throughout the summer and autumn indicates the extreme pollution of the waters in this part of the Kazanka River. Based on the data obtained, an assessment was made of the ecological state of water in the considered section of the river. Water quality is assessed as β-mesosaprobic (1.6-2.5) and moderately polluted; quality class III. According to trophic indices, the water in the considered area for the observation period is mostly consistent with the hypereutrophic type.

 

Keywords: Algocenosis, Phytoplankton, Algae, The river Kazanka

 

 

 

The Efficiency of the Additive of Plant Origin in the Bakery Products Manufacturing

Elena V. Savelyeva, Elena E. Zinurova, Zamira Sh. Mingaleeva, Alexandr V. Maslov, Oksana V. Starovoitova, Olga A. Reshetnik 

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 999-1002 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The environmental crisis, which so suddenly struck the human habitat, made significant adjustments to the relationship between nature and man, forced to review all significant developments of human civilization and extremely actualized today the socio-environmental problems at all levels: regional, national, and global (1-3). In this regard, environmental problems, as a result of the human consumer relationship to the entire natural system, are today one of the most discussed topics in scientific publications, in the media space, and in scientific discourse. It is not accidental at all. The thoughtless, unlimited satisfaction of the growing needs of people has led to an irreversible change in the properties of landscapes, the depletion and loss of minerals, and the disappearance of many species of the animal and plant world. Unresolved environmental problems, at the moment, reflect the reality of the XXI century. The solution of the environmental problems that have arisen depends not so much on the level of development of production, science and technology but on the ecological culture of the population, on understanding the sources, essence and ways of overcoming the current crisis situation, on everyone's participation in the conservation of natural resources and minimizing consumption wastes. Based on a study of the state of environmental consciousness of students, the article examines the role of environmental education as a factor in the formation of culture, moral standards in relations with nature, and overcoming the environmental crisis. The data obtained made it possible to substantiate conclusions about the need for fundamental changes in educational programs, toughening of legislative norms in the field of nature management as a mechanism to counter the extinction and death of civilization.

 

Keywords: Environmental policy, socio-environmental problems, environmental culture, students

 

 

 

 

The Functional State of the Special Purpose Detachment Staff in the Active Tilt Test

Elena V. Dyuzheva, Sergey B. Ponomarev, Albina A. Burt, Salikh Kh. Shamsunov, Nikolai V. Rumyantsev

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1003-1005 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The purpose of the article is to study the functional state features of the cardiovascular activity of the special purpose detachment employees when using an active orthostatic test. The main studying approach is to examine the heart rate variability, which allows to identify the risk of overtraining and coronary risk. Most of the employees of special purpose detachment are characterized by the predominance of the autonomous contour of the vegetative regulation. However, in an individual analysis of cardiointervalograms in the orthostatic test, a paradoxical type of reaction was described, during which we observed an inversion of the type of response to an orthostatic test from moderately sympathetic to asympathicotonic and hypersympathicotonic with over-centralization of the vegetative regulation circuit for three days. It has been established that the indices of heart rate variability make it possible to timely detect the state of “overtraining” of an organism under conditions of constant alertness and to carry out optimal planning of the amount of physical training of employees.

 

Keywords: The Penitentiary System, Special Purpose Detachment, Tilt Test, Heart Rate Variability, Autonomic Regulation.

 

 

 

 

 

The Monitoring of Nizhniy Kaban Lake by 16s Rrna Gene Amplicon Data Set-Based Bacterial Diversity

Ludmila L. Frolova, Anthony Elias Sverdrup

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1006-1015 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The paper presents the results of research of bacterial diversity of Nizhniy Kaban Lake (Kazan, Russia) for 2016-2017, using the marker gene 16S rRNA of hydrobionts, based on the method of next-generation sequencing. Nizhniy Kaban, Verhniy Kaban and Sredniy Kaban are included in the system of Kaban Lakes. They are located in the center of a large industrial city, and suffer anthropogenic load. According to ecological studies, Kaban Lakes are polluted. The sequences of 16S rRNA Bacteria gene fragment of the freshwater lake Nizhniy Kaban were submitted to the international database in fastq format on the website NCBI with the numbers SRR7510984 and SRR7516469. The comparative analysis of metagenomic data showed a significant change in bacterial diversity over the years. A total of 103030 (2016) and 90402 (2017) high-quality reads were obtained; 76% (2016) and 70% (2017) of the bacterial population was classified to the genus level, while 0.25% (2017) was classified to the species level. In total, 18 species of Bacteria were identified. Among them, bacteria occurring in the human gastrointestinal tract, were found the most often. These types of bacteria can be a threat to human health. Therefore, the species composition of Bacteria community should be taken into account when assessing the ecological state of water reservoirs.

Keywords: Gene 16S rRNA, Next-generation sequencing, Freshwater lake, Bacteria

 

 

 

 

The Monitoring of Sredniy Kaban Lake by 16s Rrna Gene Amplicon Data Set-Based Bacterial Diversity

Anthony Elias Sverdrup, Ludmila L. Frolova, Stella Sagdeeva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1016-1025 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The paper presents the results of research of bacterial diversity of Sredniy Kaban Lake (Kazan, Russia) for 2016-2017, using the marker gene 16S rRNA of aquatic organisms, based on the method of next-generation sequencing. Sredniy Kaban, Verhniy Kaban and Nizhniy Kaban are included in the system of Kaban Lakes. They are located in the center of a large industrial city, and are exposed to anthropogenic load. According to ecological studies, Kaban Lakes are polluted. The sequences of 16S rRNA Bacteria gene fragment of the freshwater lake Sredniy Kaban were submitted to the international database in fastq format on the website NCBI with the numbers SRR7510929 (2016) and SRR7516240 (2017). The comparative analysis of metagenomic data showed a significant change in bacterial diversity over the years. A total of 98822 (2016) and 26046 (2017) high-quality reads were obtained; 67% (2016) and 54% (2017) of the bacterial population were classified to the genus level, while 3% (2017) was classified to the species level. In total, 15 species of Bacteria were identified. Among them, the dangerous bacteria Acinetobacter, occurring universally, were found the most often. This type of bacteria can pose a threat to human health. Therefore, the species composition of Bacteria community should be taken into account when assessing the ecological state of water reservoirs.

Keywords: Gene 16S rRNA, next-generation sequencing, Freshwater lake, Bacteria

 

 

 

 

 

The Role of Regional Media in Covering Environmental Issues (on the Example of the Republic of Tatarstan)

Galina V. Morozova, Irina D. Porfireva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1026-1029 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The mass media play a decisive role in shaping of public opinion, including the environmental issues. This problem is relevant not only due to its extreme aggravation in the system of “nature-society”, the need to improve the effectiveness of the state environmental policy, including the information support, but also due to the unprecedented changes in media space. The transition from traditional to new media in the 1990s, the further global spread of the Internet, and the digitization of communication messages have led to fundamental changes in media sphere. The Internet has connected many users - individuals, organizations, media into a single, open communication network, creating the unlimited number of connections, reducing the distance between network participants, eliminating spatial restrictions. The new level of communications has been formed. It has changed not only the access of consumers to information, but also the interaction with it. Mass media became a powerful tool for the purposeful formation of social orders, mainly through the building of necessary public relations, including the ecological issues. They influence a number of processes, from formal environmental policy to informal views of the public on the current state of environment (1-4). In this regard, the study of coverage of environmental problems and the measures of government, aimed for their solving, in mass media is an important task in scientific, practical and political sense. The article presents the research results of the role of regional media in covering the environmental issues, in determining the effectiveness of information support of the government environmental protection policy.

Keywords: Environmental policy, Socio-ecological problems, Media sphere, Mass media.

 

 

 

 

The Species of Diversity of Sredniy Kaban Lake by 18s Rrna of Hydrobionts on next-Generation Sequecing Method

Anthony Elias Sverdrup, Ludmila L. Frolova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1030-1035 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The paper presents the freshwater Sredniy Kaban Lake species diversity study results, (Kazan, Russia) by the 18S rRNA gene based on the next-generation sequencing method. Lakes Sredniy Kaban, Verhniy Kaban, and Nizhniy Kaban are included in the system of urban lakes Kaban and are polluted lakes according to ecological studies. Sequences of 18S rRNA gene fragment of freshwater Sredniy Kaban lake hydrobionts   in FASTQ format were submitted to international SRA database on the NCBI website   SRR7510987, SRR7465570, SRR7516496 A total of 44292 (2016) and 36631 (2017) high-quality reads were obtained; 13.1% (2016) and 58% (2017) of the hydrobionts was classified to the kingdom, while 12.75% (2016) and 57.6% (2017) was classified to the phylum level, 12.7% (2016) and 56.6% (2017) was classified to the class level,  7.9% (2016) and 56.2% (2017) was classified to the order level, 56.1% (2017) was classified to the family level, 56% (2017) was classified to the genus level, and 54.7% (2017) was classified to the species level. The analysis of the metagenomic data for Sredniy Kaban Lake shows that indicator organisms identified by the 18S rRNA gene are grouped between o-saprobity and b-mesosaprobity. Sredniy Kaban Lake can be characterized by water quality as a transition from a polluted to a clean state.

Keywords: Saprobity, Gene 18S rRNA, Next-generation sequencing, Freshwater lake, Ecology

 

 

 

 

The Study of the Possibility of using the Additive of Plant Origin for Improvement the Quality of Yeast and Wheat Bread

Elena V. Savelyeva, Elena E. Zinurova, Zamira Sh. Mingaleeva, Alexandr V. Maslov, Oksana V. Starovoitova, Svetlana V. Borisova, Olga A. Reshetnik

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1036-1040 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The effect of the additive of plant origin on the fermentation activity of pressed bakery yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the impact of activated yeast on the fermentation process in dough semi-finished products and on the quality of white bread, made from premium wheat flour, were investigated in the work. The efficiency of yeast was evaluated, based on the rising power and fermentation activity of yeast. The impact of activated yeast on the fermentation process was determined by the acidity of dough semi-finished products. The quality of white bread, made from premium wheat flour, was evaluated according to organoleptic and physico-chemical parameters (moisture content, acidity, grain of crumb). It was found, that with the increase in concentration of the additive of plant origin, there were the improvement of rising power of yeast, and the intensification of acidity accumulation in dough semi-finished products. According to the organoleptic and physico-chemical evaluations, it is recommended to use the additive of plant origin in the process of yeast activation, at a dosage of 7% to the mass of flour, without the deterioration of consumer properties of bread, compared to the control sample.

 

Keywords: Bakery yeast, Preliminary activation, Fermentation activity, White bread made from premium wheat flour

 

 

 

 

Time Factor in Psychological Profiling of Information Technology Specialists for Future Career Success

Iryna Savenkova, Mykola Didukh, Iryna Lytvinenko, Inna Chuhueva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1041-1045 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article contains results of the research of chronological and psychological prediction of inclinations to computer activity during occupational choice based on innate inclinations of young people. Purpose: To determine the impact of the time factor on the career success of IT professionals. The research involved 40 Computer Science (Informatics) students with a Master's degree, 21-24 years of age, with their own voluntary consent, and 20 teachers with an academic degree. Research methods: experimental method of chronometric sampling using an electronic chronoscope; questionnaires, mathematical statistics methods (descriptive statistics, percentile statistics, variance analysis of mean-square error), reliability of differences in sample averages was based on Student's t-test values at permissible significance 5% (p <0.05). Qualified IT specialists’ effectiveness under time-scarcity is determined by the subjective time reckoning principle and depends on the individual unit duration ("τ-type"). The analysis of the profiles revealed that talented IT specialists-to-be belong to the stable group, and are characterized by the most differentiated and clear attitude to time; they consider time as their property, as the reality given, they manage it effectively, basing on high logical thinking and well-developed intuition.

 

Keywords: Information technology, Innate abilities, Chronological and psychological prediction, Chronoscope

 

 

 

 

Transpiration Intensity in Cereal Crops under the Conditions of Osmotic Stress

 Vladimir N. Vorob’ev, Evgeniy A. Alexandrov, Alexander L. Mikhailov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1046-1049 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The study of leaf gas exchange among medium and highly drought tolerant spring varieties of Tríticum aestívum during moderate osmotic stress modeling showed a significant difference in the dynamics of transpiration intensity (E) at the initial stage of the experiment. The monotonic dynamics of E decrease correlated with the change in stomatal conductance of water (gw) and CO2 assimilation rate decrease (A) in a highly drought tolerant variety, which is explained by stomata closure. The dynamics of E among the varieties resistant to drought had the form of a complex curve with an extremum during the first 12 minutes of the experiment, which is explained by the gas embolism of xylem vessels. Embolization of a part of xylem vessels has led to the imbalance in gas exchange rates. 75% decrease of E during the experiment did not coincide with the change of gw, which decreased only by 50%. In addition, under conditions of E decrease, a significant decrease of A was not observed. Transpiration decrease during osmotic stress due to stomata closure led to 28% drop of A, and comparable decrease in transpiration due to xylem vascular embolism reduced A by 6%. It has been shown that the tendency to xylem vascular embolization in the medium-drought-tolerant variety of spring wheat Tríticum aestívum under the conditions of moderate water deficiency makes it possible to maintain a high level of CO2 assimilation rate, which is comparable with a highly resistant variety that can ultimately lead to a higher yield.

 

Keywords: Gas embolism, transpiration rate, stomatal water conductivity, CO2 assimilation rate

 

 

 

 

 

The Result of Experiment on Neural Network Leaning of Human Art Drawing

Svetlana V. Veretekhina, Maxim A. Kudryavtsev, Vladimir L. Simonov, Elena V. Potekhina, Tatyana V. Karyagina

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1050-1062 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: In the article, the authors consider one of the most pressing problems of our time. In the first part of the article authors describes the most modern and effective heuristic and multi-heuristic algorithms that can be used in NP-hard problems solving. The most effective algorithms considered in order to produce answers that are as close as possible to the correct solutions in a satisfactory time. In the second part, the authors develop the idea of us in intelligent algorithms and methods, giving examples of machine learning of neural networks. In particular, it raises the question about assessing the quality of the neural networks in both on classic templates and in the most difficult situations concerning the creative process. A large number of experiments were conducted as a part of the work, and the data was collected in the process of the neural network training such as its reaction to individual objects. The results are briefly sorted and presented in the form of tables intended for the further analyze, in order to develop mathematical models and algorithms for assessing the quality of the learning process for modern neural networks.

 

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Neural networks, Machine learning, Deep learning, Heuristic algorithms, Cuckoo algorithm, Agent approach, Multi-heuristic approach, Learning optimization, Particle swarm optimization

 

 

 

 

Civic Identity as a Factor of Spiritual Security in South Russia: Methodology of Research, Complexities and Conditions of Formation

Maria P. Tikhonovskova, Marina A. Igosheva, Lyudmila A. Shvachkina, Valentina I. Rodionova and Alexey A. Lagunov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1063-1067 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article is aimed at identifying the problem and the conditions of the construction of civic identity as a factor of provision of spiritual security in the south of Russia. The subject of research consists in the civic identity as a factor of spiritual security of the South of Russia. The paper presents the analysis of academic literature dealing with various aspects of the study of civic identity and spiritual security of multicultural society which made it possible to determine the basic concepts of research and identify theoretic gaps in the study of this problem. Research methodology which allows defining the authors' perspective of the study of civic identity as a factor of spiritual security in the south of Russia has been identified. The article deals with factors which prevent civil identification and consolidation of the multicultural region (cultural, socioeconomic, and geopolitical), the conditions for the construction of civic identity as a factor of spiritual security of the region have been analyzed.

 

Keywords: Civic identity, Spiritual security, Region, South of Russia, Culture, Cociety

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power Density Analysis by using Soft Computing Techniques for Microbial Fuel Cell

Karan Singh and Dharmendra

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1068-1073 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Microbial electrochemical technologies, i.e. microbial fuel cells (MFCs), are attracting attention due to their dual functions of energy generation and waste removal from wastewaters. Microorganisms use microbial metabolism to convert biochemical metabolic energy into electricity using different substrates. This study was conducted on single-cell microbial fuel cells using domestic wastewater as a substrate. A steady state condition has been observed for performance of microbial fuel cell at laboratory scale; during this period the maximum voltage, current and power obtained were 210 mV, 24mA and 34.97 mW respectively. The experimental results were analyzed to determine the power density using four soft-computing techniques, i.e., an artificial neural network (ANN), an M5P model tree, a random forest (RF) and the Gaussian process (two kernel puk (Pearson universal kernel) and rbf (radial basis function)). 70% of the data was used for training and the remaining 30% for validation. The input parameters used were day, time, voltage and current, while power density was an output parameter for all modeling approaches. Better results were achieved with the artificial neural network, random forest and M5P model tree than the Gaussian process. The artificial neural network technique gave good results with correlation coefficient (R2), root-relative square error (RRSE), relative absolute error (RAE), and root mean square error (RMSE) of 1, 0.4482, 0.4377 and 0.0056, respectively.

 

Keywords: Artificial neural network; Gaussian process; M5P model tree; Microbial fuel cell; power density; Random forest

 

 

 

 

National Concepts of Economic Security in Modern Conditions 

Ekaterina A. Grigoreva, Tatiana N. Gubaidullina, Elvira A. Polovkina

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1074-1077 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: The special aspects of conceptual approaches to ensuring economic security in Russia and other countries of the world were investigated in the article. The features and priorities of the concepts of national economic security of the USA, China and Russia were defined. The evolution of the national economic security strategies was described; and the main directions of ensuring national economic security in certain countries of the world economic system, including the Russian Federation, were substantiated. The trends were identified, the threats to the normal functioning of the modern Russian economy were formulated, and the ways of their overcoming were proposed. Based on the official statistics, the calculations of selected indicators of the external economic security of Russian economy were carried out, and the comparison with existing threshold values was made. The dynamics of the main types of import-substituting products was analyzed. On this ground, the modern parameters of foreign economic security were substantiated. Particular attention was paid to the impact of environmental factor of national security in the framework of the concept of sustainable environmental and economic development. For this purpose, the indicators of eco-economic security and sustainable development, established at the international level, were analyzed; their composition and structure were determined. The problems, negatively affecting the process of qualitative processing of the information array, calculation of statistical indicators, and cross-country analysis, were formulated.

Keywords: National security concept, Economic interests, Economic security, Indicators, Strategy

 

 

 

 

Problems of Economic Security of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in the System of Integration Processes in Eurasia

Angelina G. Shamsutdinova, Elena A. Tereshina, Timur Z. Mansurov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1078-1081 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The aim of the study is to identify problems and threats to ensure the economic security of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in the system of integration processes in Eurasia. Both states can be attributed to the Central Asian region of the Eurasian post-Soviet space. The processes taking place in this region are determined by the sovereignty of countries, national interests, development strategies of each state, as well as the interests of national elites. Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are more active participants in the integration processes in the Eurasian space. The authors emphasize the diversity of integration processes in the post-Soviet Eurasian space. On the one hand, there is a positive trend in the development of trade and economic ties with partner countries within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), on the other hand, the Central Asian states are oriented towards regional cooperation with European states. The main objectives of the regional partnership are confronting internal and external threats, supporting reforms and modernizing the economy, and strong cooperation in the field of human rights and the rule of law. The paper defines the specifics of the “economic security” concept and considers the criteria of economic security. In studying the problems of economic security, the authors used systemic and institutional methodological approaches. Particular attention is paid to the criteria of economic security, thanks to which it is possible to assess the economic situation of states for compliance with the demands raised. Among the key problems of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, there can be listed the negative structural changes in the economy, the lack of stimulating factors for increasing production efficiency, artificially stabilized exchange rates, imbalances in the development of the regional economy of the countries, the deepening of territorial and property inequality, a weak system of state supervision, and the problem of external debt. In this regard, a joint solution to the problems of economic security requires the timely elimination of internal and external threats to economic security.

 

Keywords: Integration processes, The Eurasian post-Soviet space, The Central Asian region, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Economic security

 

 

 

 

The Impact of Tax Risk Indicators on the Company's Market Capitalization

Regina V. Nagumanova, Tatyana V. Erina, Aigul I. Sabirova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1082-1088 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: To date, empirical research is one of the reliable methods of scientific knowledge. It is aimed at collecting and analyzing data on the object of study. Its purpose is to identify and establish certain dependencies and patterns. All empirical studies are based on a clear scientific base and a rigorous organization process. In this regard, the organization’s tax risk management system, as one of the components of the financial management system, also serves as an indicator of the effectiveness of the corporate tax management system itself. Financial management is a complex process, which consists in the effective use of all available financial resources in the organization. In order for the company or enterprise to be stable, and its market value to increase over time, it is necessary to combine the efforts of all structural divisions of the company. These units should work as a single, well-coordinated mechanism, and only then the goals of the organization will be fully achieved.

 

Keywords: Tax risk, Tax planning, Risk management, Company capitalization, Risk factors, Financial management

 

 

 

 

The Role of Statistical Methods in the Estimation of Management Efficiency

Ekaterina A. Grigoreva, Elvira A. Polovkina, Tatiana N. Gubaidullina

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1089-1092 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: One of the tasks set for economic science is the study of the theoretical foundations for further improving production efficiency, which serves as the fundamental basis for modern economic development. A lot of work has been devoted to questions of the methodology for statistical studies on production efficiency and labour productivity. Nevertheless, some problems remain insufficiently studied, in particular, questions on a generalizing indicator of economic efficiency, and analysis of management efficiency growth factors. The authors of the paper consider the possibility of using statistical methods to identify the influence of organizational factors on improving production efficiency, and propose methods for calculating the impact of management on production efficiency. The paper discusses the methodology of statistical study of management effectiveness. Much attention is paid to the correlation and regression analysis. A model is proposed, making it possible to adequately use systematic approaches to the problem of the statistical study of the production and management.

 

Keywords: Efficiency, Factor analysis, Production function, Fixed assets, Correlation and regression analysis, Regression, management

 

 

 

 

Robust Optimization of the Investment Portfolio under Uncertainty Conditions

Alexey G. Isavnin, Damir R. Galiev, Anton N. Karamyshev, Ilnur I. Makhmutov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1093-1098 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Of the goal of this study is to investigate the assessment of expected return parameters µ and return covariance matrices Σ in modern portfolio investment tasks. These parameters are used in almost all modern portfolio investment models, including the classic mean-variance Markowitz model, Black-Litterman model, “smart” models. In practice, they are difficult to evaluate correctly, since the parameter values change every day. However, the quality of investment portfolio depends precisely on these parameters. The quality of investment portfolio is understood as a combination of risk and profitability parameters. Number of methodologies are used in this article to reduce the uncertainty of these parameters. The main idea of these methods is to reduce the sensitivity of resulting optimal portfolios to uncertain input parameters. In other words, if the parameter values µ and Σ change slightly, the final portfolio shall not radically change its structure. According the results gained in this article, one asset will not be able to dominate the final portfolio. Chopra offers using the James-Stein estimate for the expected averages, while Black and Litterman use the Bayesian estimate µ and Σ (taking into account the expert opinions). There are also selection methods and scenarios that are described in detail, for example, in. Of all these methods, the Black-Litterman model is most often used in practice.

 

Keywords: Black-Litterman model, Portfolio investment, Analysis, Uncertainty, Risk

 

 

 

 

Overview of Structure, Applications and Control of Energy Management System in Different Fields of Business Management

Yusuf Durachman, Puspa Dewi, Arlis Dewi Kuraesin, Phong Thanh Nguyen, K. Shankar

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1099-1103 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: To optimize, monitor and control the performance of the transmission system or generation a system of computer-aided tools that used by electric utility grids operators is known as an energy management system (EMS). It can also use at a small scale like microgrids. In different field of business management the energy management system have its different perspectives. This paper studies the factors, applications and importance of an energy management system.

 

Keywords: Monitor, Control, Computer-aided tools, Microgrids, Business management, EMS

 

 

 

 

Leasing as a Practical Instrument for Financial Design in Russia

Alla I. Podgornaya, Timur S. Abitov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1104-1107 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The solution to the urgent problem of financing a business, at first glance, is to attract a bank loan. However, at present, the receipt of borrowed funds from banks by companies in Russia is limited by a number of reasonable reasons: the distrust of banks in businesses due to their nontransparency, instability of the proceeds, lack of collateral. As a result, all this leads to higher interest rates. In this light, the use of leasing acquires additional benefits, among its main advantages. The paper explores relevant scientific discussions regarding the use of leasing as an instrument for financing fixed assets modernization projects in Russia. The authors investigated the problem of assessing the effective implementation of the project for the modernization of fixed assets using leasing instruments. The classification of existing methods for assessing the effectiveness of leasing transactions is developed. The main advantages of leasing are determined. The factors affecting the efficiency of projects on modernization of fixed assets at an enterprise using leasing instruments are identified. A methodology for assessing a leasing transaction based on economic indicator of added value, and an author's scheme for the use of leasing in financial design are proposed. The purpose of the study is to identify key features of leasing as a financial instrument in Russia.

 

Keywords: Leasing, Modernization of fixed assets, Enterprise, Financial design, Assessment of a leasing transaction, WACC, Weighted Average Cost of Capital

 

 

 

 

 

The Introduction of QR Codes in Production Processes

Marat R. Khamidullin, Rifkat G. Mardanshin, Alexander V. Prozorov, Ramil I. Karimov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1108-1111 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: This paper is devoted to improving the ways of working with QR codes in enterprises. The approaches outlined in this paper are aimed at increasing the speed and accuracy of work in the field of accounting technology by reducing the number of man hours needed to draw accompanying documentation, and in the field of equipment related to a specific task. In this case, the goal will be to create a program for working with personal computers.

 

Keywords: QR code, Scanner, Database, Computer

 

 

 

 

 

Genesis of Terxritories with a Special Business Regime

Gulia F. Galiullina, Anatoly N. Makarov, Aliya A. Mullakhmetova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1112-1116 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article considers the emergence and classification of numerous "dispersed" territorial development institutions of Russia as a tool for economy diversification in order to improve partnership between the state and entrepreneurs. The first Russian territories with a special regime of functioning were created in 1990 in the form of free economic zones, and there were already 14 types of special territories in the country, including more than 600 management objects, by mid-2019. The article considers the problem of the lack of mechanisms for extrapolating the positive experience of the previously created territories with a special regime of doing business to increase the efficiency of using state and municipal investments in creating new types of similar territories. A comparative characteristic of the special factors of doing business in the special economic zones, territorial development zones, territories of priority social and economic development, and free port of Vladivostok revealed both differences and similar state preferences. In particular, tax incentives, a minimum level of investment, preferential connection to infrastructure facilities, etc. were established for residents of special territories. Based on the study results, it was concluded that it is necessary to develop a strategy for the functioning of territories with a special regime for conducting entrepreneurial activities based on the implementation of industrial policy.

 

Keywords: Development institutions, Territories with a special regime of doing business, State preferences

 

 

 

Review of Project Risk Management and Risk Assessment

Lilis Sulastri, Sri Utami Ady, Tomy Fitrio, Angga Hapsila, Miftahus Surur

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1117-1120 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Identify the risk of project and develop the strategies to reduce the effect of risk or prevent the risk from occurring is the main objective of the Project Risk Management. Due to uncertainty the project risk occurs. The possibilities are always there that something known or unknown can happen and it could affect the goal of project. Being prepared to handle the risk is known as risk management. The processes, things or situations that can harm the people or organization identified through a look by risk assessment. It evaluates and analyzes the risk after its identification. To control the harm from happening and to eliminate effectively it can decide the measure after the determination of risk.

 

Keywords: Project Risk Management, Risk assessment, Harm, Process, Situation

 

 

 

 

Liberalization of Labour Organization of Construction Workers: Legitimacy of Attitude or Underestimation of the Issue

Oleg G. Novoselov, Fril M. Ahmetov, Rafael S. Igtisamov, Vyacheslav G. Husainov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1121-1124 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The recent concept of "technology" (high, efficient, innovative, digital) has overshadowed the use of the concept of "labor", "organization of labor". The analysis shows that the question of “labor organization” has lost its theoretical content and transformed, in fact, into the concept of “self-organization of labor”. This circumstance can be considered one of the reasons for the decline in the prestige of working professions and, as a consequence, the observed shortage of skilled workers, including in construction. The publication provides examples that argue the desirability of continuing the theory of the scientific organization of labor of workers in construction, as one of the branches of construction science. The subject of this study is the relationship of modern construction science to one of the aspects of construction production - the organization of labor of construction workers.

 

Keywords: Personnel, Science, Workers, Construction, Labor

 

 

 

 

 

Formation of Financial Reporting in the Conditions of Digital Economy

Lidiya I. Kulikova, Rinaz Z. Mukhametzyanov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1125-1129 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: This study is devoted to the study of the development of accounting and the formation of financial reporting in the conditions of digital economy. The development of digital technologies is generating changes in all areas of life by simplifying it, on the one hand, and by creating new challenges for future changes in a particular area, on the other hand. These changes apply to accounting and reporting, which leads to a review of existing approaches. In this article, we highlighted the main directions of development of accounting and reporting in the context of digitalization of the economy with a detailed disclosure of the features of each direction. Not only the requirements for the disclosure of information in reports, but also the technologies for accounting and information processing, accounting facilities, and data presentation format are changing under the influence of the fourth industrial revolution. The functions of an accountant do not remain without attention, which are expanding in the direction of the obligations of the financial director in the digital economy. Changes in the quality of the content of financial reporting pose a risk of disclosure of confidential information, which in turn requires limitation of information by user category. Compliance with all these parameters of changes shall lead to the formation of financial reporting of a new format, which will meet modern requirements and possibly the future.

 

Keywords: Digital economy, Financial reporting, Digital technology, Digital assets

 

 

 

 

Corporate Culture and Personnel Allocation as a Conflict Management System in an Organization

Radmir V. Ivanov, Rustem I. Zalyaev

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1130-1133 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: In the study, the conflict management system is considered by the authors using the example of the limited liability company RBR16. The purpose of the study is to identify ways to improve the effectiveness of conflict management in an organization. The goal set in the study identified the following tasks: (a) consider the concept, structure and types of conflicts; (b) study the functions of conflicts; (c) familiarize with the causes of conflicts and their forms of resolution; (d) give a general description of the activities of LLC "RBR16"; (e) to analyse the management system of LLC "RBR16"; (f) evaluate the effectiveness of conflict management in LLC RBR16; (g) propose a change in corporate culture as a method of resolving conflicts in RBR16 LLC; (h) to develop a change in the organizational and labour order to prevent conflicts; and (i) consider the selection and allocation of personnel as a method of resolving conflicts in LLC RBR16. According to the results of the analysis, it was revealed that LLC RBR16 has a high level of proneness to the conflict in the team. It was also revealed that the small size of the company does not allow motivating the staff’s need to satisfy ambitions (growth through the ranks), leaving only material incentives for the growth of labour productivity. Thus, Implementation of the developed recommendations will reduce the level of conflict in the team of LLC RBR16 as a whole. The annual economic effect from the implementation of conflict management measures at RBR16 LLC will be 118 532 thousand roubles.

 

Keywords: Organizational conflicts, Corporate culture, Allocation of personnel, Management, Effective communication

 

 

 

 

 

Safety and Labor Protection: USA and Russian Experience

Evgeniya M. Bronnikova, Olga S.  Kulyamina, Marina V. Vinogradova, Viktoria A. Vishnjakova, Lidia A. Vasilieva, Daniil V.  Volkov, Anna A. Larionova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1134-1140 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: In Russia, there is an objective need to improve the system of labor protection, it is necessary to eliminate the main causes that lead to occupational injuries and occupational diseases of workers. The study is devoted to the problem of labor protection in Russia and the USA. The aim is to compare Russian and foreign experience in the field of labor protection, to identify prospects for the application of the US experience in Russia. The study used methods of analysis, comparative and comparative analysis, generalization, systematization of data. The novelty lies in the possibility of applying foreign experience in improving the system of labor protection in Russia. The study revealed that the basis of industrial injuries, occupational diseases in the Russian Federation, is the imperfection of fixed assets and technological processes, as well as unsatisfactory organization of work and organization of jobs. In the United States, the most significant cause of fatal injuries are traffic accidents, non-compliance with safety regulations. The results can be applied in the state regulation of the system of preventive measures to reduce industrial injuries and occupational diseases.

 

Keywords: Labor protection, Occupational safety, Occupational injuries, Occupational diseases, The financial provision of preventive measures

 

 

 

 

Safety Practices among Fisher folks in Antique: Basis for Extension Activity

Peter Ralph B. Galicia

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1141-1145 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: This descriptive-correlational study aimed at ascertaining the safety practices among fisher folks as basis for extension activity. Utilized for data gathering was researcher-constructed questionnaire on safety practices. The computer-processed statistics were means, frequency, and rank for descriptive analysis and the t-test for Independent Samples, One-way ANOVA and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis for inferential analysis. Alpha level was set at .05. The study found out that generally, fisher folks’ common safety practices were less. The fisher folks in Antique had shared five common safety practices: they check weather condition at all times, they put in heart and mind that “Safety First” is the utmost priority onboard, they check the condition of all equipment and machinery before use, they maintain healthy body while fishing, and they get information about changes in the sea condition.  On the other hand, they also shared five least common safety practices: they maintain working condition of fire extinguisher and fire detection alarm, they trained to operate safety equipment and appliances, they join fire drills weekly, they join awareness program about safe navigation, and they use lifejacket when jumping into the water. No significant difference existed in the common safety practices among fisher folks when classified according to certain categories of variables. None of the personal factors could significantly predict the common safety practices among fisher folks.

 

Keywords: Fishing Industry, Safety, Practices, Fisher folks, Antique

 

 

 

 

Association of Rumen Fluid Analyses and Nutrient Apparent Digestibility in Goats as Influence by Fat Supplementation

Niel L. Ningal, Nora C. Cabaral

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1146-1156 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Goat nutrition depends on rumen microorganisms, however when rumen ecosystem is disturbed, cascade of detrimental effects on animal health and productivity takes place. Thus, rumen ecosystem alteration by supplementing dietary fats with known potential in microbial protein synthesis, nutrient digestibility and reduction of ruminal NH3-N emission are indeed significant scientific challenge. The study aims to explore the potential of dietary fats supplementation in goats. Three rumen-cannulated goats in individual metabolism stalls with customized urine collection tools was used following cross­over trial over time. Animals were randomly selected on different dietary treatment and cycle, provided with concentrate supplemented with VCO and lard at 3 and 5% on the morning and ad libitum feeding of Napier grass thereafter with continuous access to clean drinking water. Result showed that there were positively high associations in all nutrients (DM, CP, NDF and ADF) apparent digestibility while negatively high association between rumen pH and NH3-N. Moderately positive associations were observed between purine derivatives and apparent nutrient digestibility. However, moderately negative relationship between VFA and purine derivatives and between NH3-N and rumen temperature. In general, inversely proportional association on rumen pH and NH3-N was noted. However, apparent CP, NDF and ADF digestibility has strong positive association.

 

Keywords: Rumen digestibility, Microbial protein synthesis, NH3-N emission, VCO, Lard

 

 

 

Biotechnology in Veterinary Medicine

Yusnidar Yusuf, Phong Thanh Nguyen, E. Laxmi Lydia, K. Shankar, Robbi Rahim

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1157-1160 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: In various areas of medicine biotechnology is consider as already established approach, but to revolutionize veterinary practice with the potential in veterinary medicine field it has only begun to emerge. For animal breeding and veterinary medicine it has proposed new dimensions with the continuous growth of modern biotechnology. To discard any possible genetic disorder it ultimately permits to consequently and detect through genome analysis of important breeding species. It can also detect more reliably and easily the infectious diseases. With improved productivity and health it opens the possibility to generate animals with the production of transgenic livestock and it introduced a less time taking program of breeding.

 

Keywords: Biotechnology, Veterinary medicine,genetic disorder, Breeding.

 

 

 

 

Challenges of Customer Relationship Management to Run an Efficient and Effective Business

C. Christianingrum, Iing Saefudin, Ivalaina Astarina, Roky Apriansyah, Phong Thanh Nguyen

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1161-1164 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: An approach that manages the interaction of an organization with potential and current customers is known as Customer relationship management (CRM). To improve the business relationship with customers it uses history of customer with a company. The data analysis of customer’s history ultimately driving growth of sales and focus on retention of customers. The CRM system compile the data from several communication channels, these channels include social media, telephone, live chat, marketing materials, website of company, email etc. The system can learn about the target audience and known about the needs of the customer with the use of CRM approach.

 

Keywords: Customer relationship management, Communication channels, Telephone, Marketing materials, Website of company

 

 

 

Influence of Cashew Apple (Anacardium occidentale) on the Stress Level, Productivity, Organoleptic Property and Profitability of Broiler Chickens

Noel S. Tumbagahon

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1165-1174 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The study aims to determine how feeding dried ground cashew apple pulp (DGCAP) and fermented cashew apple juice (FCAJ) affects the stress level, productivity, organoleptic property and profitability of broiler chickens. A total of 240 day old chicks were used and data was analyzed following 2x4 factorial CRD and significant differences between treatments was analyzed using Scheffe’s Test and Friedman’s Test. Broilers fed with 50 grams DGCAP significantly reduced the blood cortisol, lipid profile, enhanced the organoleptic property of cooked broiler meat in terms of texture, flavor, tenderness and general acceptability, improved the ADG, weight gain and FCR, and increase net income, income per bird and ROI. Fermented cashew apple showed significant effects on the blood cortisol, blood lipid profile, enhanced all the organoleptic property of cooked meat, increase dressing percentage and reduced abdominal fat pad. Moreover, FCA improves the growth rate and feed efficiency, net income, income per bird and ROI. Providing DGCAP and FCAJ significantly improved the blood cortisol and blood lipid profile, ADG, abdominal fat pad, net income, income per bird and ROI. Results suggest that feeding DGCAP and 30ml FCAJ were potential CP, energy and Vitamin supplement and potential alternative and natural feedstuff to reduced feed cost and consequently maximized profit in broiler production.

 

Keywords: Fermented and dried ground cashew apple, cortisol, ADG, abdominal fat pad, economics

 

 

 

 

Social Entrepreneurship as a Resource for Managing Socio-Economic Issues in the North-Caucasus Region

Valery K. Shapovalov, Irina F. Igropulo, Marianna M. Arutiunian, Olga V. Minkina, Aleksandr E. Gapich

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1175-1179 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article presents an analysis of the socio-economic development of the North Caucasus Federal District, which is referred to as a problematic region by some parameters. The authors show that innovative transformations in the Russian economy shift the management center of regional development to the territorial level, which regards the socio-cultural features of the ethnic economy of each region. The current situation in the North-Caucasus regionis characterized by a high level of social tension, acute socio-economic problems, the settlement hereof is possible on owing to the potential of social entrepreneurship. The situation in the North-Caucasus region is presented in a broad socio-cultural context, which made it possible to identify some barriers (administrative and managerial, economic, social, ethnocultural) preventing the development of socially-oriented business practices.

 

Keywords: Social entrepreneurship, The North Caucasus, Socio-economic issues, Management of regional development, Resource management, Barriers to the social business establishment

 

 

 

 

 

The Study of the Interrelation of Learners’ Personal Qualities and Their Attitude to the school Grade

Tatiana V. Mayasova, Oksana V. Kolesova, Elena G. Gutsu, Nadezhda N. Demeneva, Elena V. Kochetova, Elena B. Aksienova, Elena B. Sinova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1180-1184 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The relevance of the problem under consideration is determined by necessity to aware the role of the school grade in educational process, phsychological conditions in the development of students’ attitude to the grade as a sign of positive performance in the course their studies. Assessment, to a certain extent, is a complicated and deep process that includes not only registration of quantitative and qualitative indicators of the knowledge accumulated over the school years but also the ability to implement it in practice. Besides, assessment implies student activity, aspiration for learning, as well as motivation to study. The purpose of the study is to reveal the relationship between learners’ attitude of different educational levels to the school grade and their personal qualities. The key method of the research is empirical revealing the correlation of students’ attitude of different age groups to school marks, their personal qualities and anxiety level. The result of the research work proved the existence of quantitative differences in the ideas of students of different age groups about school grades, their understanding of the essence of estimating process at school. Besides, some significant interrelations between learners’ attitude to school grades and their personal features and anxiety level were revealed. The conducted study of psychological features of students’ attitude to school assessment has stated an urgent necessity of greater attention from the part of teachers and psychologists to the problem of giving marks and has justified the relevance to work out and introduce renewed criteria of school assessment.

 

Keywords: Assessment, assessing process, school grade, subjective attitude, personal significance, the outer component of a mark, the inner component of a mark, anxiety, personal features

 

 

 

 

 

Phenotypic Characterization of Various Goats Gene Pool (Capra hircus) in Oriental Mindoro

Rosalie D. Malvaz

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1185-1190 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: This study aims to phenotypically characterize Philippine Native, Upgraded, Anglo Nubian, Boer, and Saanen goats. A total of 118 goats from 14 goat semi-intensive farms were used. Qualitative data were analysed using descriptive analysis while quantitative traits using Scheffe’s test. Results showed variations in the phenotypic characteristics of a goat gene pool. Saanen had longer body length significantly, and higher wither height. Saanen and Boer goats appeared to have higher heart girth. Saanen and Anglo Nubian has significantly higher testicle circumference and tail length. Boer, Anglo Nubian, Upgraded, and Philippine Native goats have predominantly mixed color while Saanen goats have solid coat color. The nose bridge width and ear length (EL) of Anglo Nubian goats were significantly denser and longer. The EL of bucks were significantly longer than the EL of does. More than half of the Anglo Nubian, Upgraded, and Philippine Native, Boer and Saanen buck have horn while the majority of the does are dehorned. Regardless of sex, majority of the Boer and Upgraded goats have droopy ears while more than half of the Anglo Nubian goats have long droopy ears. All Saanen and Philippine Native goats have erect ears. Findings can serve as a basis for the establishment of further goat characterization, conservation, improvement and specific trait selection strategies for future breeding programs.

 

Keywords: Philippine Native goat, Anglo Nubian, Saanen, Upgraded goat, Boer

 

 

 

 

Environmental Education of Modern Student Youth

Galina V. Morozova, Irina D. Porfireva

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1191-1194 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The environmental crisis, which so suddenly struck the human habitat, made significant adjustments to the relationship between nature and man, forced to review all significant developments of human civilization and extremely actualized today the socio-environmental problems at all levels: regional, national, and global (1-3). In this regard, environmental problems, as a result of the human consumer relationship to the entire natural system, are today one of the most discussed topics in scientific publications, in the media space, and in scientific discourse. It is not accidental at all. The thoughtless, unlimited satisfaction of the growing needs of people has led to an irreversible change in the properties of landscapes, the depletion and loss of minerals, and the disappearance of many species of the animal and plant world. Unresolved environmental problems, at the moment, reflect the reality of the XXI century. The solution of the environmental problems that have arisen depends not so much on the level of development of production, science and technology but on the ecological culture of the population, on understanding the sources, essence and ways of overcoming the current crisis situation, on everyone's participation in the conservation of natural resources and minimizing consumption wastes. Based on a study of the state of environmental consciousness of students, the article examines the role of environmental education as a factor in the formation of culture, moral standards in relations with nature, and overcoming the environmental crisis. The data obtained made it possible to substantiate conclusions about the need for fundamental changes in educational programs, toughening of legislative norms in the field of nature management as a mechanism to counter the extinction and death of civilization.

 

Keywords: Environmental policy, Socio-environmental problems, Environmental culture, Students

 

 

 

 

Qualitative Assessment of the Potential of Innovative Development of Territories

Gulia F. Galiullina, Tatyana G. Mansurova, Elvira F. Gallyamova

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1195-1199 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: This article presents the results of a study of the relationship between the existing potential of innovative development of a territory that has received special status, and the conditions for moving to the next level of evolution. Inconsistency of the management system with technological potential hampers the industrial and socio-economic development of the territory. The analysis of production technologies opening in the status of resident revealed a negative tendency in a number of areas of priority social and economic development - residents offer technologies of a lower level than those in aboriginal enterprises. This situation is a clear sign of the degradation of the industrial development of the territory. Comparison of the potential that is unique for each territory and the potential necessary for the effective activities of residents will allow us to identify gaps between them and develop targeted programs for the formation of an appropriate institutional environment. Qualitative indicators of the potential for innovative development of the territory are proposed to be evaluated based on the level of technology of key enterprises. Consideration of the evolution of technological structures and the phase of industrial development of the territory on the basis of models of competitive strategies by I. Ansoff made it possible to propose five types of territories of advanced social and economic development in single-industry towns: an industrial city, agglomeration, innovative city, smart city, and cybercity. The presented classification, on the one hand, helps to identify weaknesses in the TASED management system, on the other hand, orients potential residents to the choice of a territory that is more consistent with the level of applied technologies of the created production.

 

Keywords: Territory of advanced social and economic development (TASED), Innovative potential, Technological structure, Single-industry town, Innovative development

 

 

 

 

Challenges of Implementing an Employee Management System for Improving Workplace Management Effectiveness

Prety Diawati, Vip Paramarta, Djoko Pitoyo, Tomy Fitrio, Sri Wiyati Mahrani

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1200-1203 | PDF | HTML 

Abstract: In an organization to simplify the process of record of maintenance it is designed a system of Employee management. For HR function it helps to manage the employee’s information. It can consider as a part of comprehensive Human Resource Management System to employee management system in general. For improving effectiveness of workplace management an employee management system is implemented. This employee management system manages the overall performance and different aspects of an employee in an organization.

Keywords: Human Resource Management, Employee management system, Performance, Record

 

 

 

 

 

Climate Change Impact Assessment on Agriculture of Hanoi Rural Area

Doan Huong Mai, Nguyen Thi Lan Anh, Phan Xuan Binh Minh, Nguyen Ngoc Mai, Do Thi Xuyen, Bui Thi Hoa, Nguyen Anh Duc, Tran Ngoc My Hoa, Mai Minh Huong, Nguyen Van Hien

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1204-1208 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Vietnam is among the most vulnerable nations to climate change impacts. Climate change (CC). CC which can lead to serious impacts on production, life, environment on a global scale, is one of the biggest challenges to human beings. According to some data and information collected from surveys and reports, CC in Hanoi rural area is shown by higher temperatures, the decrease of precipitation and extreme weather events which can bring about negative effects on agriculture and high risks to industry and social as well as economic systems in the future. CC has been continued leading to comprehensive and deep changes in global development and security, especially agricultural products such as livestock, cultivation, and aquaculture in Hanoi rural areas. 

 

Keywords: Climate change, Agriculture, Breeding, Cultivation, Aquaculture, Rural area, Hanoi

 

 

 

 

Clinical Decision Support and Predictive Analytics

Ridawati Sulaeman, Saprudin, Phong Thanh Nguyen, E. Laxmi Lydia, K. Shankar

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1209-1214 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Every year millions of people are dying because of the not getting treatment on time or the treatment is very expensive. But the CDS and PA may play a vital role in order to identify the disease and treatment may be provided in the early stage of disease. Such way may help to reverse the growing of disease. If the disease is identified at the early stage then antimicrobial therapy may reversal the disease. For this purpose a large number of experiments and research is required. The data sets are required obtained from many health organizations, hospitals and other previous research data. The trials of such experiments required decision support tools, self analyzed reports the experts in clinical predictors for self-performance evaluations and performance depends on neurocognitive tests are very expensive and takes too much time. Although the experiments are not strong enough to take a decision as every person may have different immunity and his body may react differently on every experiment. But CDS and Predictive analysis helps the researchers to reach the closest to predict the treatment.

 

Keywords: Prediction Analysis, Disease Reversal Process, Clinical Data Analysis, Clinical Decision Support System

 

 

 

Development of Microwave Devices with Toroidal Resonators for Treatment of Raw Materials

Maryana V. Belova, Olga V. Mihajlova, Galina V. Novikova, Alexander I. Kotin, Dmitry A. Tarakanov, Sergey P. Zaitsev, Evgeny L. Belov

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1215-1223 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: Three ultra-high frequency devices with toroidal resonators were developed on the basis of the principle of construction of quasi-stationary resonators. Two of these devices are designed for elimination of a number of pests feeding on raw material and for activation of cells of potato tubers and onion sets. The first device with toroidal resonator is designed for preplant treatment of potato tubers by the effect of electrophysical factors. A dielectric wire belt is placed inside the torus of circular cross section. In the central part of the resonator, represented as a capacitor space, there are rotating disk and spreader. Microwave emitters are directed through the surface of the torus, and gas-discharge lamps are directed into the capacitor space. A filling funnel is installed at the center of the resonator. An induction heater is placed under the torus; the segment of the bottom of the torus surface serves as its secondary winding. The second device is designed for preplant treatment of onion sets. It consists of a quasi-stationary toroidal resonator with a rectangular cross section. Inside the annular space, there are a cylinder, an air duct and an annular gas-discharge lamp. In the capacitor part of the resonator, a dispenser with dielectric scrapers is placed. On the base of the cylinder, there is a sector-shaped discharge opening connected to the evanescent waveguide. The emitters from the magnetrons are directed to the capacitor part of the resonator. The third device is designed to defrost cow colostrum. It contains vertical quasi-stationary toroidal resonator with a rectangular cross section of torus and a capacitor part with a gap from the lower edge of the base of the inner cylinder smaller than the distance between the side surfaces of the cylinders. The torus is formed between coaxially located cylinders of different heights and an annular non-ferromagnetic surface at the top. The disk moves inside the cylinder of small diameter. The emitters are directed to the capacitor part. The average perimeter of the annular space and the diameter of the disk should be equal to multiple half of the wavelength, and the slot should be less than one-fourth of the wavelength.

 

Keywords: Toroidal resonators, Preplant treatment, Gas-discharge lamp, Potato tubers, Onion sets, Cow colostrum

 

 

 

 

Economic and Mathematical Models for Assessing and Forecasting the Dynamics of Labour Potential of the Border Regions of Siberia and Far East

Vadim A. Bezverbny, Sergey V. Pronichkin

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1224-1233 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The article is dedicated to assessment and forecasting of Gross Regional Product, employment, labour force and unemployment by sectors of the economy in the border regions of Siberia and Far East until 2025. For this purpose, there are developed economic and mathematical models considering the parameters of social and economic development. The social component is based on systematic approach to forecasting employment depending on the anthropogenic burden index, which takes into account duration and standard of living, population literacy, crime rate, environmental status and other indicators of the border regions of Siberia. The economic component uses econometric analysis of the types of economic activity in the border regions of Siberia and Far East, as well as time series analysis to forecast employment both in the medium and short term. In the labour market part, the labour force is projected considering the socio-economic effect of hidden unemployment.

 

Keywords: Anthropogenic burden, Economic and mathematical models, Value added, Labour force participation rate, Unemployment, Employment

 

 

 

 

Goal-Setting as a Metacognitive Ability of Personality

Galina I. Korchagina, Elena P. Ivutina, Veronika A. Derisheva, Evgenia M. Bogodukhova, Oksana V. Lavrik, Daria A. Dubrovina

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1234-1241 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: The relevance of the problem is due to the search for a holistic systemic education that underlies the personality’s ability to set goals. The purpose of the article is to describe metacognitive ability of a person, combining integrative qualities and "secondary" psychological processes of a person. The leading approach and methodological basis for the study is the concept of a psychological system of activity with an invariant structure, and metacognitism as a branch of modern theoretical psychology. The empirical part of the study describes the development of metacognitive ability of a person to set goals using a diagnostic transformational game. The materials of the article can be applied for systems assessing the metacognitive ability of a person to set goals and for the formation of correctional programs or metacognitive trainings.

 

Keywords: Goal-Setting, Metacognitive Ability, Secondary Psychological Processes, Diagnostic Transformational Game, Goal-Setting Strategies

 

 

 

 

Psychological Conditions for the Formation of Expert Competence and Training of Experts in the Field of Higher Education and Management

Denis Ginzburg

Volume 7  |  Special issue on environmental management and economy |  Pages: 1242-1245 | PDF | HTML 

 

Abstract: One of the directions of modern higher education, based on a competent approach, is training of experts in management. Ability and readiness to organize, plan, monitor and estimate individual components of the educational system are becoming an important part of their professional activity. Within the framework of management activities in education a certain interest has recently been paid to a widespread practice of expert assessment. The relevance of our research is based on the necessity of formation of the competence of expert assessment of educational environment of experts, which is manifested in the originality and novelty of the process and the results of expert assessment of educational environment and is determined by managerial nature of their activities.

 

Keywords: Expert competences, Pedagogical conditions, Competence formation, FSES (Federal State Education Standards), Higher education, Management education

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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